It’s 12:43AM and I just got back into my hotel room. I spent the past few hours in AMD’s suite a block from IDF trying to get to the bottom of an issue we discovered in our post on AMD’s Zacate GPU performance numbers earlier this week.

Let’s recap. Zacate is AMD’s 18W APU aimed at the mainstream notebook market (~$500 notebooks). The APU features a pair of Bobcat cores and a Cedar-class AMD DX11 GPU. Spending some time with the physical Zacate package, it seems to have a single 64-bit DDR3 memory interface ala Atom. Unlike Atom however, both the Bobcat cores and the DX11 GPU should be relatively high performance.

Earlier this week, AMD showed us the first public demonstration of Zacate. In its suite were two systems: a Zacate test platform and a Core i5-M 520 notebook from a major OEM. Both systems were configured with 4GB of memory and were running the 64-bit version of Windows 7 Premium.

AMD's Zacate

The first demo we saw on Monday was the system running City of Heroes. In CoH Zacate managed to reach frame rates around 2x of what we saw on the Core i5-M 520. AMD also ran through a number of IE9 performance tests including the Psychadelic HTML5 benchmark and the Amazon Shelf test. In both of those tests, the Zacate platform was significantly faster than the Core i5-M 520. And it was those IE9 tests that seemed suspect.

The Zacate test platform

I didn’t think much of it at first, but Zacate managed a ~10x performance advantage in the IE9 Psychadelic benchmark. While Zacate should have a higher performance GPU, it shouldn’t be that much faster. Something was amiss.

I borrowed a Core i5 notebook from Intel (we are at IDF after all) and ran the same tests on it. The performance was much better than what I saw in AMD’s suite. I went back to AMD to find out exactly what was going on.

I brought up the issue and AMD immediately began looking into it. AMD used the latest drivers made available for this particular Core i5 notebook on the manufacturer’s website. Those drivers were version 2104 dated 3/31/10. AMD explained that these systems were configured about a month before launch and they were using the latest drivers available on the manufacturer’s website at the time. This particular OEM didn’t offer a newer version of the Intel HD Graphics drivers via its website. To make matters worse, Intel’s updated HD Graphics driver wouldn't install on the notebook. Some notebook OEMs prefer to provide their own display driver updates. In those cases, the Intel HD Graphics drivers available from won’t install. Despite only having a single Core i5 machine for all of its press demos for tomorrow, AMD agreed to let us manually install the driver (extract the driver and force device manager to update the driver manually) on the i5 system.


Intel Core i5-M 520 w/ latest drivers

The updated driver brought the IE9 performance tests to parity with Zacate. In fact, it looks like the IE9 benchmark doesn’t scale too far with GPU performance (apparently discrete cards don’t score much higher than what we’ve seen here).


Intel Core i5-M 520 w/ latest drivers

At this point we had an issue. The IE9 benchmarks AMD was showing off weren’t an accurate comparison of the two architectures. While valid for the only driver revision supported on this particular Core i5 notebook, the scores weren’t valid for a Zacate vs. Core i5 architecture comparison. AMD wanted to make sure there was no confusion about the GPU performance potential of Zacate so it allowed us to install whatever we wanted on both systems to validate the GPU performance we had seen.

Take a moment to realize exactly what just happened here. In an effort to convince us (and you) that it had nothing to hide and didn’t deliberately attempt to stack the deck, AMD gave us full access to the Zacate platform to do whatever we wanted. AMD wanted us to be completely comfortable with the Zacate comparison.

We downloaded the Batman Arkham Asylum demo off of Steam and loaded it on both the Zacate and Core i5 systems (AMD originally bought two copies of the full game via Steam only to find that SecureROM kept crashing on the Zacate platform at launch, way to go SecureROM). We set both machines to 1024 x 768 at high quality settings. We played through the beginning of the demo as well as FRAPSed a short walk through the first room you’re dropped in:

Batman, Core i5-M 520

Batman, Zacate

Batman Arkham Asylum, FRAPS Walkthrough, 1024 x 768 High Quality
  AMD Zacate Intel Core i5-520M
Batman 16.5 fps 11.3 fps

The actual gameplay was noticeably quicker on Zacate and the numbers show a 45% performance advantage. This is huge. To sanity check that data we fired up City of Heroes on both machines and played around with them. The frame rate varied depending on where you were in the scene and we saw peak frame rates close to the 2x advantage repeated in our second pass with updated Intel drivers. Note the differences in contrast below are due to the vastly different screens the two systems were using.

City of Heroes, Core i5-M 520

City of Heroes, Zacate

We put together a quick FRAPS walkthrough to show how the average frame rate improved:

City of Heroes, FRAPS Walkthrough, 1024 x 768 Low Quality
  AMD Zacate Intel Core i5-520M
City of Heroes 39.6 fps 25.5 fps

On average we saw a 55% improvement over the Core i5 system.

AMD wanted to highlight the DirectCompute performance of Zacate and let us publish the first results from the platform running the N-Body Simulation benchmark:

N-Body Simulation, DirectCompute Performance
  AMD Zacate Intel Core i5-520M
N-Body Simulation 23 GFLOPS 8.8 GFLOPS

AMD views Fusion as a way to not only bring better gaming performance to the market, but also enable a lot of new GPU compute applications. Remember that Zacate and Ontario are going into systems priced at around $500 or less. With this type of GPU compute in the entry level, it’s only a matter of time before developers start to do something with it.

The Zacate GPU performance we’re seeing here today is completely unoptimized as well. The clocks aren’t final, drivers aren’t fine tuned and although we’re close to release, there’s still potentially more performance on the table.

It’s very rare for any public company to make an on the spot decision to let us benchmark and publish test data of an unreleased part without having ever seen it before. The first time the AMDers in the suite saw Zacate running Batman was when we installed it. To be honest, it was probably the most open and flexible I’ve ever seen AMD be. I knew if the IE9 numbers changed that it would call the City of Heroes numbers into question. By allowing us to rerun everything as well as add an additional title (one that we’ve used more recently) AMD handled the situation perfectly.

At the end of the day my take on Zacate (and Ontario) hasn’t changed: these two APUs have the potential to make the low end netbook/notebook market interesting again.



View All Comments

  • flyck - Wednesday, September 15, 2010 - link

    They mention they could do anything on the Zacate to test the GPU. So there will be no info about the cpu performance. Reply
  • mino - Wednesday, September 15, 2010 - link

    Think Turion 64 X2 TL-54, Athlon 64 X2 3600+ or Yonah 1.8. Reply
  • Mautaznesh - Tuesday, September 21, 2010 - link

    I'd say the bobcats are more like 2.4 ghz Turion m500s.
    Games do require a good amount of processing power especially at higher resolutions. an Athlon 64 x2 probably couldn't start Arkham Asylum at 800x600 with low details
  • mschira - Wednesday, September 15, 2010 - link

    If it does not scale with GPU, does that mean it scales with CPU? If so, we should be even more impressed. Two bobcats on par with a 2.4Ghz Core i5?
    Anybody knows what the Psychodelic IE9 does scale with?
  • mschira - Wednesday, September 15, 2010 - link

    P.S. just tested my 2.5Ghz Core 2 with a Nvidial 8400 GS (crap dedicated GPU but still a dedicated GPU) and I got 1779 revelations.
    So this little beast is on par with that? Jeeez. Impressive!
  • flyck - Wednesday, September 15, 2010 - link

    if only it were true >). Psychodelic stops scaling with everything. Even an 800MHz cpu (downclocked) gets around 1800. It just not intesive enough to really stress systems. The hyperbolic (or whatever it name is) is much more taxing, but not sure what it tests. Reply
  • mschira - Wednesday, September 15, 2010 - link

    Hm, so maybe it scales with frame rate?
    One revelation needs two frames?
    one minute is 3600 frames/2 = 1800....
  • cynic783 - Wednesday, September 15, 2010 - link

    Way to go, both AMD and Anand. Full, open, and honest disclosure was demonstrated here. Reply
  • Mathos - Wednesday, September 15, 2010 - link

    Actually, since Zacate is the ultra mobile part for the really low power segment thats very impressive. What kind of info was there on the cpu and gpu clocks of the chip?

    Is the iGPU on the Zacate and Llano going to be able to do hybrid crossfire with say the IGP on the 890gx or whatever they plan on releasing to follow it? That's one thing that always interested me. If so that's going to give any entry level or mid range OEM systems a huge boost in graphics power for the buck, and most likely a huge advantage over the Sandy Bridge and other similar Intel offerings.

    If this low power ultra portable/netbook/low end notebook cpu is able to compete with the core i5, then it makes me wonder how well the full Llano or Bulldozer based fusion chips are going to do in the mainstream high end.
  • tech6 - Wednesday, September 15, 2010 - link

    AMD must be very confident of their product if they allow journalists complete access to a pre-producton system. This sort of reminds me of how Intel was before the release of the original Core processors. All in all a very good sign for the entry level notebook market.

    Well done Anand for not taking the numbers at face value and insisting on further investigation.

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