CPU Performance & Efficiency: SPEC2006

We move on with our analysis by using SPEC2006 on the Snapdragon 855 QRD. SPEC2006 is an important benchmark as not only does it represent a tool that is used by many companies to architect their CPU designs, but it also a very well understood and academically documented workloads that can serve as a macro-benchmark to determine microarchitectural aspects of a CPU and system.

It’s to be noted that SPEC2006 has been deprecated in favour of SPEC2017, and although we’ll switch to that at some point, for mobile platforms SPEC2006 still represents a good benchmark. Because our scores aren’t official submissions, as per SPEC guidelines we have to declare them as internal estimates from our part.

A Big Note on Power on the QRD

Although for this article I was able to collect power figures for both CPU and GPU workloads, the figures are not of an as high certitude as when measured on commercial devices. The reason for this is that much like last year’s Snapdragon 845 QRD, this year’s 855 platform reports rather high idle power in the 950-1050mW range, about 500mW more than one would expect in a final product. Because our power measurement methodology represents publishing active system power, meaning we measure total power during a given workload and subtract the idle power under the same conditions, there is a degree of uncertainty if the idle power by default is quite high.

Today’s power efficiency figures thus merely represent a guideline – and we’ll make sure to re-test the results once we get our hands on final commercial devices.

The Results – The Snapdragon 855 Performs Admirably

We’ll start off with the aggregate results and drill down in the detailed results later:

The Snapdragon 855 ends up performing extremely well, ending up neck-and-neck with the Kirin 980’s performance, which shouldn’t come as too big of a surprise.

In SPECint2006, the Snapdragon 855 performs 51% better than the Snapdragon 845, all while improving power efficiency by 39% over its predecessor. Against the Kirin 980 which is currently its nearest Android competitor, the Snapdragon just slightly edges ahead by 4%.

In SPECfp2006, the Snapdragon 855 shows an even bigger 61% leap over the Snapdragon 845, and also manages to better showcase the 9% clock speed advantage over the Kirin 980, sporting a similar performance lead.

Again what is most important in these results is the power efficiency figures. One of the things that had me worried during Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 855 launch in Hawaii last month is that the company pretty much avoided talking or publishing any meaningful power efficiency claims on the side of the CPU. Fortunately it seems there wasn’t any need to be concerned as the Snapdragon 855, at first glance, seems to be extremely efficient even on the high clocked 2.85GHz Prime core.

Detailed Results

Drilling down into the detailed results, the one comparison that is most interesting is the performance of the Snapdragon 855 against the Kirin 980. On one hand the Snapdragon 855 is clocked 9% higher as well as promises some tuned microarchitectural characteristics which promise to improve IPC – while on the other hand HiSilicon’s implementation is more straightforward and brings with itself a bigger L3 cache as well as memory latency advantages.

In the vast majority of workloads, both chipsets are neck-and-neck, only diverging in some key aspects. In less memory hierarchy demanding workloads, the Snapdragon more easily is able to showcase its clock speed advantage. In more latency sensitive workloads, this difference shrinks or reverses. 462.libquantum is an interesting result as Qualcomm commented that its lead here is primarily due to the customisations made on the CPU core – although they wouldn’t exactly specify which aspect in particular is bringing the boost.

The biggest performance discrepancy on the negative side of things is the 13% disadvantage in 458.sjeng – the benchmark is most sensitive to branch mispredictions and again here Qualcomm has stated they’ve made changes to the branch data structures of the core.

What is most odd for me to see as a result, is the fact that 429.mcf performs admirably well on the Snapdragon 855 – which goes against intuition given the platform’s memory latency disadvantage. It is possible here that the Snapdragon 855 performs better than the Kirin 980 due to its better L3 cache latency?

On the SPECfp2006 results, the results can be very clearly categorised into two sets: In one set the Snapdragon 855 clearly showcases a healthy advantage over the Kirin 980, up to very notable 17% and 22% leads in 447.dealII and 453.povray. In the other set, the Snapdragon is again neck-and-neck with the Kirin 980, and these happen to again be the workloads that are most memory sensitive in the FP suite.

Overall, the Snapdragon 855’s CPU performance does not disappoint. Performance on average is ahead of the Kirin 980, although not by much. Here both chipsets are most of the time neck-and-neck, and it will mostly depend on the workload which of the two will take the lead.

More important than performance, the efficiency of the Snapdragon 855 is top-notch, exceeding what I had expected from the higher clock implementation of the chip. There is still a degree of uncertainty over the power numbers on the QRD platform, but if these figures are representative of commercial devices, then 2019’s flagship will see excellent battery life.

Introduction & Specifications Inference Performance: Good, But Missing Tensor APIs
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  • SirMaster - Sunday, January 20, 2019 - link

    Very untrue.

    Are you saying that somehow the iOS vs. Android OS integration with the CPU has an affect onb geekbench benchmarks?

    That makes no sense. Geekbench is a purely mathematical benchmark and the OS should have no affect on its results other than how it power manages the SoC during the benchmark.
  • joms_us - Tuesday, January 15, 2019 - link

    Take a look at the last 2-3 years speed (real-world apps, productivity and games) tests, iPhone with its fastest SoC on imaginary paper lags behind the competition.
  • 29a - Tuesday, January 15, 2019 - link

    I'd be bitter too if I had to use and Android phone.
  • cwolf78 - Tuesday, January 15, 2019 - link

    Ditching my iPhone for a Pixel was a smart move. OS is light years ahead.
  • techconc - Tuesday, January 15, 2019 - link

    Examples of your claim? Android devices can't even do something like Fortnite at 60fps and you claim Android devices are faster? Pretty funny.
  • dudedud - Tuesday, January 15, 2019 - link

    He meant those "speed test" that consist on opening apps with your fingers trying to match the touch... you know, measuring the storage and ram and not so much the SoC's capabilities...

    Also, iOS and android diverge in animation speed, sometimes assets and most of the time longer screen logos (or inexistent on android).

    A total waste of time.
  • joms_us - Wednesday, January 16, 2019 - link

    As if you can use the SoC alone, you know computer don't just run with processor alone so yeah in actual usage A12 inside.iPhone is just as fast if not slower than competition.
  • joms_us - Wednesday, January 16, 2019 - link

    It's a game-related issue (I think there is an FPS limiter set to 30fps on Android version of Fortnite) and most of them are optimized for iOS, and FWIW, a phone with mediocre resolution will have fast FPS on games.
  • PeachNCream - Tuesday, January 15, 2019 - link

    Ironchef, comments like that are just going to trigger a bunch of brand loyalty arguments where people banter over insignificant points and ultimately change no one's opinion about which piece of consumer electronics gets them feeling warm and gooey inside.
  • techconc - Tuesday, January 15, 2019 - link

    The short answer is no, it's unlikely anyone will catch Apple on ARM. ARM reference designs are several generations behind Apple and when companies like Samsung attempt their own design like they have with recent Exynos, it's clear that not only can't they match performance, but efficiency is horrible by comparison. Apple has a world class team that is likely the best design team on the planet right now.

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