Camera Architecture

Camera quality was not one of the OnePlus 2's strong points. OnePlus had made an effort to improve on their almost non-existent processing from the OnePlus One, but they went too far and ended up destroying the detail within images. With the third iteration of their flagship phone they need to find a middle ground between the image processing of the OnePlus One and OnePlus 2. That image processing needs to be built on a solid foundation, and with the OnePlus 3 comes a move away from the OmniVision camera sensors used in the OnePlus 2, along with changes to some key aspects like the autofocus mechanism. The specifications of the OnePlus 3's camera system can be seen below with the OnePlus 2 also there for comparison.

  OnePlus 2 OnePlus 3
Front Camera Resolution 5MP 8MP
Front Camera Sensor OmniVision OV5648 Sony IMX179
Front Camera Aperture f/2.0
Rear Camera Resolution 13MP 16MP
Rear Camera Sensor OmniVision OV13860
(1/2.6")
Sony IMX298
(1/2.8")
Rear Camera Focal Length 28mm eff 29mm eff
Rear Camera Aperture f/2.0
OIS Yes
Autofocus Laser Phase detection

OnePlus has moved back to Sony sensors with the OnePlus 3. What's interesting is that they've actually moved to a smaller sensor size, which was probably a combination of what was available within pricing constraints, as well as how thin the sensor needed to be to minimize the camera hump on the back of the phone. In addition to the sensor shrinking, the resolution has gone up, which means we're now dealing with 1.12 µm pixels rather than 1.3 µm pixels on the OnePlus 2's OV13860. At a quick glance one would expect that this means image quality will certainly be worse, but improvements in sensor technology from year to year make smaller pixel sizes more viable, and one can't conclude anything just based on the sensor specs alone.

The lens system remains similar between the two phones, with the same aperture and a similar focal length. OnePlus has also changed from laser autofocus to PDAF. While this is an upgrade in many respects, PDAF generally does not work well in low light while laser autofocus does, and so it's not the case that the move to PDAF will improve autofocus speeds in every situation. That being said, the OnePlus 2 is notoriously bad at focusing in the dark even with its laser AF so the actual focus itself in the dark may be improved with the OnePlus 3 even if it's not as fast.

Still Image Testing

This first daytime test involves a scene with variant lighting conditions, which can cause some smartphones to overexpose their photos. There's also a lack of direct sunlight throughout the entire area due to the leaves of trees, which provides a good way to see how different phones handle the balance of exposure, noise processing, and sharpening to maintain detail in both bright and dark areas.

Gallery: Day Test 1

The OnePlus 3 performs very well in this test. Compared to a device like the iPhone SE or iPhone 6s there's definitely a greater level of detail and sharpness in the more distant objects, and in the branches and leaves of the tree. The OnePlus 3 also has a more natural exposure than the iPhone, but the white point does skew toward green which gives the entire photo a green look to it. The OnePlus 2 doesn't suffer from this issue, but it ends up overexposing the photo which produces a less natural looking appearance overall. One interesting point is that the OnePlus 3 has removed more detail in the grassy area than the OnePlus 2, which is a regression in detail that I didn't expect to see. My only other complaint is that the OnePlus 3's photo does push a bit too hard with the color saturation, and the Nexus 5X provides a photo that is closest to what the scene actually looked like to my eyes.

For a $400 smartphone the OnePlus 3 does very well here. OnePlus just needs to do a bit of tweaking to their image processing, but they're in a much better place than they were with the OnePlus 2 when it originally launched. Nothing here stands out as a problem with the camera itself, and OnePlus has been known to make many changes to image processing with their updates to OxygenOS so I expect that there will be continued improvements to still image quality as time goes on.

Gallery: Day Test 2

This next scene is a fairly standard outdoor scene, and the only area of difficulty would be capturing the detail in the distant bushes without producing significant sharpening artifacts. In this scene the OnePlus 3 again performs quite well, and I would actually say that it provided the best photo of the devices that I tested. Compared to the OnePlus 2 there's a noticeable improvement in sharpness, which is visible by looking at the brick texture of the building on the left and the leaves of the tree on the right. The colors in the scene are also more true to how it actually looked at the time. The one thing that doesn't look quite right are the bushes in the distance, which end up looking flat. Most of the other devices end up avoiding this, but they also suffer from areas that are overexposed and over sharpened, so every device has a trade-off here.

Ultimately there's not really anything that OnePlus is doing wrong here. The exposure and white balance are correct, and the level of detail is high, with significant improvements over the OnePlus 2's sharpness across the frame, and especially near the edges.

Gallery: Night Test 1

The low light performance of the OnePlus 3 improves significantly over the OnePlus 2. As I mentioned at the start of the page, the OnePlus 2 has serious issues with achieving focus in low light, and the shots here that I used for it are the best of many attempts. The OnePlus 3 is able to focus, and on top of that the detail retained in the image and the exposure are both very impressive. Of the devices I've compared I would say that the OnePlus 3's image is actually the best one, with the iPhone 6s coming after but being worse due to the increased noise level and lesser detail retained. I'm no longer testing the Nexus 5X using its HDR+ mode because Google has had more than enough time to fix their issues with normal image processing by now, and when you compare the OnePlus 3 to the 5X's stock processing it's clear that the OnePlus 3's low light capabilities are superior.

Gallery: Night Test 2

While the previous test was a low light test with lamps illuminating the area, this next test is really just to see how far each camera can push its exposure and how much detail can be maintained while also doing proper chroma and luma noise reduction. In this case it's again clear that the OnePlus 3 leads the other devices, with the OnePlus 2 failing to focus properly again, and every other device being decidedly worse with the detail retained, overall exposure, and noise across the frame.

In all my test cases the OnePlus 3 improves significantly over the OnePlus 2. OnePlus has come a long way from the early days of the OnePlus One where even basic noise processing didn't seem to be implemented properly. I think the OnePlus 3 provides great image quality for a $400 device, and it addresses pretty much every issue I highlighted with the OnePlus 2, which shows that OnePlus is listening to reviewer and user feedback to improve their devices year over year.

Video Recording

The OnePlus 3 certainly improves over its predecessor with still photos, but it's not clear whether the same can be said for video recording. Looking at the files doesn't show any improvement in quality from an encoding perspective, as OnePlus is still encoding UHD video at 42Mbps with the H.264 baseline profile. The audio is kept as a dual channel 96Kbps AAC track as well. OnePlus still has room to improve with the basic image processing and the stabilization provided by the OIS even if the video doesn't improve in bitrate, and I've recorded two videos to demonstrate the video quality when moving as well as from a mostly stationary perspective. Like many Android devices, the OnePlus 3 can only record UHD video for up to ten minutes.

Unfortunately, the UHD video recording on the OnePlus 3 isn’t very impressive. There are a number of issues with the footage, starting with stability. OnePlus is making use of their OIS, but they’re doing so in the same flawed manner as every other Android manufacturer who has implemented OIS when recording video. The problem is that the OIS is used to keep the video as stable as possible, which then fails when the OIS reaches its travel limit and resets, causing an extremely rapid shift in camera position which shows up as jerky motion in the video. This doesn’t pose a problem if you just point the camera somewhere and start recording, but if you plan to move at all while recording it makes for some really jarring footage.

In addition to jerky footage caused by the stabilization implementation, I’m noticing some severe issues with macroblocking that makes the footage look much lower in quality than you would expect from a UHD video on a modern smartphone. In both video samples you can see it in the sky and on the concrete paths, and it results in footage that just isn’t competitive with something like the iPhone SE which also costs $399. These artifacts aren't a result of any image compression on Youtube either, as they exist in the source files as well.

The OnePlus 3 improved significantly with still image quality, but the video quality has some serious issues. Most vendors are pushing higher bitrates than OnePlus is, and Apple is still ahead of all the other smartphone vendors here. It's not as though the OnePlus 3's video quality is terrible, but I feel as though there was room for improvement here but no action was taken.

Display Analysis Battery Life and Charge Time
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  • [-Stash-] - Tuesday, June 21, 2016 - link

    I'm currently running a Note 3, which has a 5.7" 1080p pentile AMOLED screen. I *can* see the subpixels, but it also doesn't bother me. I'd much rather take the better GPU performance/battery life improvements (although we don't appear to be getting this latter one with the OnePlus 3). For the price, I think this is an excellent trade off.

    I'm all for getting even 4k and 8k screens into phones, but not until the GPU and battery trade offs aren't there. And to be honest, until we're pretty much back to a week long battery life, I say stick to the 1080p screen! I'd also be much more interested in seeing Android move up to 120fps for general usage, as it would reduce the screen latency a bit too and make things feel so much better.

    The colour accuracy, or lack thereof, is a concern. The Dash Charger wouldn't bother me if there was still QuickCharge enabled (so you have choice) , but at this point, I think there's enough positives to give the phone a try and see if I can live with it. The price point is very keen and I can't afford to blow £500+ on a phone, so £309 for flagship performance and a decent (if not market leading) camera are enough for that price. Ideally I'd still also like microSD and a removable battery, but I think for this price, I'll settle ;)
    Reply
  • Sivar - Tuesday, June 21, 2016 - link

    4K or 8K on phones?
    Do you also profess that megapixel count is a good measure of camera quality, or that 96 KHz audio is better than 48KHz?
    Reply
  • Pissedoffyouth - Monday, June 20, 2016 - link

    I hope Andrei comes up with his SoC deep dives soon, been a while coming Reply
  • jospoortvliet - Monday, June 20, 2016 - link

    Absolutely and a great review it is... awesome work! Reply
  • deskjob - Monday, June 20, 2016 - link

    Excellent review! So basically, this is a HTC One M9 clone (aesthetics) with current flagship specs and a bad screen. I am somewhat sensitive to the green tint from pentile Amoleds (S6 was horribly green, S7 still a hint), so the screen on this alone is a dealbreaker. Good to know.

    Any news on the HTC 10 review?
    Reply
  • JoshHo - Monday, June 20, 2016 - link

    It will be arriving with the GS7 part 2 review. Reply
  • Roland00Address - Monday, June 20, 2016 - link

    Thank You,

    But also remember If You Give a Mouse a Cookie ;-)
    Reply
  • Meteor2 - Monday, June 20, 2016 - link

    A (timely) phone review! A (timely) phone review!

    I nearly crapped myself when I logged on.

    I'll go and read it now :-). Thank you very much!
    Reply
  • zeeBomb - Monday, June 20, 2016 - link

    Just want to mention:

    https://youtu.be/1fcIZctnRjE - fix for RAM issue

    It saddens me 1+ did this to a device that boasts having 6GB of RAM. Before tweaking the max app count is 20. 20!? Shameful! Y'all remember the OPX having issues of performance cuz they LIED of having a 801 snapdragon AB version, but really it was an AA? smh.

    If too lazeh;
    1) root, get build prop editor
    2) search for ro.sys.fw.bg_apps_limit=20 and change to a number no more than 60
    3) enjoy, spread the word!
    Reply
  • Vishalaestro - Monday, June 20, 2016 - link

    why don't you put the old HTC one m7 to the low light test with these phones, i still think their support for low noise levels even at a much higher ISO is a feature that many companies can't offer now. Reply

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