System Performance - Testing Skylake

Although the Skylake U-series processors were announced a while ago, until now we’ve yet to get our hands on any devices that are actually shipping with it. Much like the Surface 3, Microsoft is one of the first out of the gate with a new processor from Intel which I think is a good sign for the future. If you want to check out all of the details of Skylake-U, check out the architecture analysis here.

The Surface Pro 4 model that I was sampled has the middle-tier processor which I think is going to be the most popular one with customers. The i5-6300U is a dual-core processor with Hyperthreading, and it has a 2.4 GHz base frequency with turbo up to 3 GHz. Being a U-series processor, it has a TDP of 15 Watts.

The Surface Pro 4 was run through our standard notebook workloads and we can compare some of the scores to tablets as well. Ultimately there just are not enough good cross platform Windows and Android/iOS benchmarks to get a great feel for general system performance versus tablets not running Windows, but we will show what we can.

Tablet Performance

To compare the Surface 4 to other tablets' CPU performance we have the various web based browser tests. These are not always the greatest because JavaScript performance is heavily dependent on the browser used, but they none-the-less represent a collection of common functions that browsers excute from phone to desktop and everything in between. We’ve generally used the latest version of Google Chrome for our web tests since Internet Explorer has very poor JavaScript performance, but with the release of Windows 10 I’ve moved over to Microsoft Edge. It generally performs as well or better than Chrome with the exception of the WebXPRT test where it is a bit behind.

WebXPRT 2015 (Chrome/Safari/IE)

WebXPRT 2013 (Chrome/Safari/IE)

Google Octane v2  (Chrome/Safari/IE)

Kraken 1.1 (Chrome/Safari/IE)

As far as tablets go, there is really nothing that comes close to the performance of Surface Pro 4. A full 15 Watt CPU (even in such a small package) affords quite a bit more performance than anything based on lower TDP ARM chips. Skylake shows some great numbers here.

Notebook Performance

Next up are the notebook workloads. Since the Surface Pro 4 is clearly aimed at Ultrabooks it has to be tested against them as well. Luckily on Windows there are plenty of options for testing performance and it is a true comparison since we don’t have to deal with comparing across platforms.

PCMark

PCMark 8 - Home

PCMark 8 - Creative

PCMark 8 - Work

PCMark 7 (2013)

PCMark is a nice comprehensive benchmark which attempts to simulate real world workloads. Some of the tests require burst performance, some require sustained performance, and other factors like the GPU and even the display resolution come into play. The Surface Pro 4 does very well in these tests with the i5 version having as good or better performance than some of the i7 Broadwell Ultrabooks. The high resolution can hurt the scores but they are still very good.

Cinebench

Cinebench R15 - Single-Threaded Benchmark

Cinebench R15 - Multi-Threaded Benchmark

Cinebench R11.5 - Single-Threaded Benchmark

Cinebench R11.5 - Multi-Threaded Benchmark

Cinebench does rendering on the CPU and loads the CPU to 100% for the duration. Higher frequencies and more cores can make a significant difference especially on the multi-threaded run of this test. Here we can see Skylake gets a fairly modest increase in performance over the Broadwell including the i7-5600U in the X1 Carbon. Multi-threaded workloads have gained the most. Compared to Surface Pro 3 which has an i5-4300U Haswell chip, the multi-threaded increase is 22.7% and the single-core score is increased 21.4%. A 20% gain over the previous model is a pretty nice amount.

x264

x264 HD 5.x

x264 HD 5.x

Once again this test is very much based on CPU performance. More cores and faster frequencies can make a big difference on this test, and Skylake shows another nice boost over Broadwell. It’s quicker than the i7-5600U in this test as well. Skylake didn’t get a big boost in IPC, but the efficiencies built in allow it to turbo better and longer. Not too shabby.

Web Benchmarks

Once again we can take a look at browser benchmarks, but this time comparing the scores amongst other notebooks. The tests on the Surface Pro 4 were done with Edge as the browser, and most of the others with the exception of the Acer S7 were done with Google Chrome.

Mozilla Kraken 1.1

Google Octane 2.0

WebXPRT 2013

Once again the i5-6300U shows great performance in the web benchmarks. WebXPRT is the one test that Chrome shows a gain over, but since Edge is the browser that ships with the device, that is the one I want to use now that it has competitive scripting performance.

Overall, the change to Skylake has made a pretty nice jump in performance with the Surface Pro 4. The Intel Core i5-6300U manages to pretty much outperform the Broadwell Core i7-5600U in multi-threaded tests, and single-threaded workloads come in pretty close to the higher clocked Broadwell i7. The performance difference from Surface Pro 3’s Haswell Core i5-4300U is even larger.

New Accessories: Type Cover, Surface Pen, Surface Dock Graphics and NAND Performance
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  • Dawgmatix - Wednesday, October 21, 2015 - link

    Any data on the battery life of the core m3 version? With 4.5w tdp I would expect better battery life than the I5. Reply
  • Brett Howse - Wednesday, October 21, 2015 - link

    That's a common misconception. I would not expect the battery life to be significantly different except maybe slightly better on the heavy workload. The maximum TDP is 4.5 W it's not a measurement of how much power the CPU draws most of the time. I've seen many people make this same mistake. At the end of the day, it's the same CPU architecture and will likely be very similar in idle power draw. Reply
  • Luc K - Wednesday, October 21, 2015 - link

    Actually I thought AnandTech earlier commented that it should get better battery life under light load. Idle TDP is significantly lower. I'd be interested to see some test results as well on that. Reply
  • extide - Wednesday, October 21, 2015 - link

    No, the iidle TDP is going to be almost the same. It's the same silicon guys...

    What Brett said is exactly correct. There will be some difference in battery life under heavy CPU load, but that's about it.

    Also really the battery draw is dominated by the screen, not the CPU.
    Reply
  • Walkop - Sunday, October 25, 2015 - link

    It isn't dominated by the screen when you have a 15w chip under heavy load. Reply
  • Dawgmatix - Wednesday, October 21, 2015 - link

    I agree that in theory what you are saying is true. What I am looking for is data on what happens in practice. Modern chips are so complex in reality that I find it best to measure what they do rather than think about what they should do. Reply
  • Strunf - Wednesday, October 21, 2015 - link

    It works at lower frequency among other optimizations. It should offer better battery life in real world use. Reply
  • Luc K - Wednesday, October 21, 2015 - link

    Ignore my idle TDP comment since that was Intel quoted average. I cannot find much info on TDP characteristics yet. Still should get better battery life but only a test could tell. Hopefully we'll see that here in future post... Reply
  • Cerif27 - Friday, October 23, 2015 - link

    I would love to know that as well as for the i7 version. I have an i7 preordered but if the battery life is even worse I might downgrade. Reply
  • randomlinh - Wednesday, October 21, 2015 - link

    Are there any NAND numbers on the 128GB options (or even just each storage option)? Reply

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