The upcoming launch of the Intel P55 and associated S1156 based processors is starting to resemble the buildup we noticed before the P965/Core 2 launch. We are already swamped with weekly press releases touting specifications and feature information from all of the P55 launch partners. In fact, revisions are occurring on an almost daily basis as each manufacturer tweaks their final product designs in hopes of capturing your hard earned dollars.

While aesthetics, features, and colors are an integral part of the motherboard design, ultimately how well it performs is based on the quality of components and BIOS design. We also happen to rate warranty and customer support at the top of this list but eventually it always comes back to performance or price for most users.

When it comes to performance, Gigabyte is usually a name that always comes up in the course of a conversation when discussing motherboards. They typically have extremely solid products and occasionally will hit one of those grand slam home runs with a product like the GA-EP45-UD3P, a board that offers the right blend of features, performance, support, price, and character.

The reason we bring this up is that the GA-P55-UD6 is already invoking the same feelings for us. Well, all except price as this will be Gigabyte's premium P55 offering. However, this board offers a lot for the money and is certainly targeting the enthusiast. Obviously, we cannot discuss performance yet, but the i5 is going to surprise a lot people, especially those buying into the lower end i7 market.

Even without the Gigabyte name plate on the P55 heatsink, taking one look at the layout and color scheme of this board instantly identifies its heritage. In fact, this design has not changed since we first looked at it during Computex this year. Gigabyte tossed the kitchen sink at this board and it stuck, but somehow it all works together without appearing to be too busy. We are not big fans of the floppy drive port and even IDE is starting to irritate us on the enthusiast boards, although one justification for IDE comes from the extreme overclocking community. In the quest to push PCIe speeds as far as possible the user can end up with some nasty SATA hard drive crashes that usually corrupt the operating system. So it turns out that an IDE drive can still be an overclockers best friend in certain situations.

Hello 24-phase VRM technology. As with the space race and horsepower wars a few decades ago, we are now officially witnessing a Phase race in the motherboard industry. Does a greater number of phases actually improve clocking or temperatures, not necessarily, in fact, it can do just the opposite if designed poorly. The good news is that Gigabyte appears at first glance to have done their homework in this area. Exactly what the true advantages of this design compared to the 8-phase or 12-phase setups utilized by other companies is something we are testing at this moment.

Gigabyte continues on with their Ultra Durable 3 technology that consists of high quality solid capacitors, low RDS(on) MOSFETs, and ferrite core chokes plus their custom "Dynamic Energy Savings" technology that will throttle this board down to four-phases at idle or low load situations.

Due to the real estate involved in placing a 24-phase VRM setup on the board, the majority of MOSFETs and Intersil phase doublers are located on the back of the board. Considering some of the MOSFET temperatures we regularly see when overclocking the X58 motherboards, this area does cause us some concern for users who test on an open bench since airflow and heat dissipation under the board will be severely blocked.

Otherwise, the area is open and easily accommodated our larger air coolers and water blocks. On a side note, this will be an eight layer PCB design.

A first for the P55 platform is the inclusion of six memory slots instead of the standard four slot designs we are seeing on the other boards. Unlike the i7/X58 platform that supports and thrives on triple-channel memory performance, the P55/Lynnfield employs a dual-channel setup. We think the inclusion of the two additional memory slots is strictly for expansion possibilities. Gigabyte claims DDR3-2000+ memory capabilities and we fully expect to see those speeds when the board launches.

The 24-pin ATX power connector is located in a convenient location as is the power on/off switch. We do have to wonder why the clear CMOS, reset, and power switches are located at different points on the board.

One of the more interesting areas on the board houses the various SATA ports (four 6Gb/s Marvell ports, six 3Gb/s P55 ports), LED debug display, clear CMOS and reset switches, and IDE drive port. Hiding underneath the heatsink is two Marvell 88SE9123 6Gb/s SATA chipsets that also provide IDE support. Contrary to reports on various forums and websites, it does appear the manufacturers are rethinking their recent decisions to drop the Marvell controller until the various hardware and driver problems are solved. It is too late in the process to qualify other controllers at this point for the majority of boards that were to include this chipset.

As such, it appears that Gigabyte (waiting on ASUS' official statement) is thinking they will leave the Marvell controller on the board and if 6G/s performance is not working properly, then the additional ports will be downgraded to 3Gb/s specifications. The "official" Marvell position is that the 88SE9123 controller suffers from PATA performance problems and that 6Gb/s SATA operation is not affected. However, after speaking with the motherboard suppliers and looking at our own test results, PATA performance/stability appears fine and 6Gb/s SATA performance is just not up to speed yet. Where the disconnect is between the motherboard engineers and Marvell is something we are trying to figure out at this point.

The P55-UD6 offers an abundance of expansion slots with an excellent layout. There are three PCIe x16 slots (x16/x4 or x8/x8/x4), two PCIe x1 slots, and two PCI slots. The Lynnfield processor series supports 16 PCIe 2.0 lanes and those lanes are assigned for graphics duty. The first x16 slot normally runs with 16 lanes and if you install a multi-GPU setup for CrossFire or SLI, then both slots run at x8. Truthfully, except for trying to set a benchmark record, the performance differences between dual x16 and dual x8 PCIe 2.0 is minimal at best in actual applications. The third x16 slot runs at x4 electrical and those lanes run off the P55 chipset.

Due to the performance hit of the DMI interface, NVIDIA has already informed the motherboard suppliers than they will not support SLI with this slot. We expect the same from AMD in regards to CrossFire X. We know of a few suppliers who have been toying with the NF200 bridge slot in order to run dual x16 or TriSLI on the P55 platform. So far, this concept has been problematic in the labs with performance and stability suffering to some degree at this stage in the game.

This I/O panel is loaded and ready for action. Gigabyte includes a combo PS/2 port, six USB 2.0 ports, two eSATA ports (JM362), two Gigabit Ethernet ports, IEEE 1394a port, optical and coaxial S/PDIF outputs, and the audio panel (Realtek ALC 889a). The Gigabit Ethernet controllers are courtesy of the Realtek RTL8111D chipset that features Smart Dual LAN technology. Simply put, if one controller fails, the board will automatically switch over to the other controller without the need to swap ports or run a second cable. Also, teaming is supported with a theoretical throughput of 2Gb/s, although actual throughput is far lower depending on your network setup.

That is it for now. Gigabyte is very interested in your thoughts on the design and feature list, so please feel free to leave comments.



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  • ytoledano1 - Friday, July 17, 2009 - link

    You can keep your two PCIE 16x ports and the PCIE 4x port. You can also keep the hundreds of SATA and ESATA ports, the RAID, high def audio and FireWire. All I need are those sweet 6 dimms. So why do I have to pay so much for features I don't need? Reply
  • Wwhat - Tuesday, July 21, 2009 - link

    Because you are too dumb to buy a budget board instead of a premium one when you want a budget one? Reply
  • Spivonious - Friday, July 17, 2009 - link

    Here's my feedback for Gigabyte:

    - 3 graphics slots is overkill for a non X58 board
    - 6 RAM slots for 2 channels? From the color-coding it looks like 4 and 2. Why not 3 and 3?
    - having dual LAN ports is a pointless feature. Can anyone explain how this is used on a non server?
  • Wwhat - Tuesday, July 21, 2009 - link

    I use 2 'LAN ports' (as you call them) so I can have one for my router and one for LAN and keep the 2 separate from each other, including a different IP range.
    Just to give you an idea what some people would use it for.
  • RagingDragon - Sunday, July 19, 2009 - link

    Big WTF on the apparent 4 + 2 DIMM setup. Wouldn't the assymmetric DIMM's play havoc with memory controller optimizations? To me 3 + 3 would make alot more sense.

    Sure not many people use both ethernet ports, but there are plenty of less expensive boards with fewer features. Same goes for the 3 PCIe x16 slots, and the supplemental SATA controllers, and 24-phase power. However, there are some people who do use each, and offering separate motherboard designs for each option and combination thereof would be too expensive for the manufacturer - it ends up being less expensive for both the manufacturer and buyers needing/wanting any of these esoteric features to dump them all onto a single high-end board.

    The vast majority of buyers don't need any of these features, and will buy less expensive models. The manufacturers know and expect that.
  • SixOfSeven - Friday, July 17, 2009 - link

    "A first for the P55 platform is the inclusion of six memory slots instead of the standard four slot designs we are seeing on the other boards. Unlike the i7/X58 platform that supports and thrives on triple-channel memory performance, the P55/Lynnfield employs a dual-channel setup. We think the inclusion of the two additional memory slots is strictly for expansion possibilities."

    What does this mean? In particular, are you suggesting that some future Socket 1156 processor will support the added slots? If so, please tell us more...
  • Rajinder Gill - Friday, July 17, 2009 - link

    Lynnfiled only supports 3 DIMM's per channel if the DIMMs are registered. Not sure at this point where Gigabyte is going with six slots. Perhaps they know something we don't?

  • TeXWiller - Friday, July 17, 2009 - link

    I particularly like the idea of memory expandability although it would be nice to mention how far the memory speeds are dropping. Perhaps DDR3-800 is too slow for some of us. The Marvell confusion, however, will prevent me from even considering these boards (P55+SATA3) at this stage. Reply
  • snakeoil - Friday, July 17, 2009 - link

    so the sata 6gbps doesn't work, the core i5 is a crippled core i7, the socket is different so you cant upgrade to core i7, the mounting holes are different so you need a new cooler, amd has a working sata 6gpbs integrated with the chipset,amd has 6 cores cpus and demonstrated a working 12 core cpu. intel renaming scheme is humongous mess.
    intel wont have nehalem 6 core until one year from now.
    what is happening to intel?
  • mesiah - Saturday, July 18, 2009 - link

    Here is your link to intels 6 core currently for sale:"> (on a side note, what does server cpus have to do with the desktop format?)

    You can call i5s and lynnfields crippled all you want, but it will just hurt that much more when you have to admit that intels scaled down cpu is still trouncing the best amd has to offer.

    A search of asus, gigabyte, and xfx websites turned up no boards currently being sold for am3 that support sata 6gb/s. Although if there are boards out there please feel free to correct me.

    Lastly, intel has never hesitated to go with new sockets for their systems. It's nothing new. I commend amd for sticking with a socket configuration for as long as they can to promote upgradeability but its never been a real part of intels scheme so it doesn't surprise or upset me that the lynnfield uses a different socket.

    Before you call me an Intel fanboy let me say that all 3 of my main computers at home run amd cpus. I don't choose one over the other, I support the company who is pushing out the most innovation. For many years it was intel, but AMD really turned on the heat in the 90s and the first part of this decade. I'm sorry to say for those that cling to one manufacturer, but Intel has the ball right now and they are running away with it. Core 2 loaded the bases for intel, then core i7 knocked one out of the park. AMD has some serious catching up to do, and I hope they can. It does no good to see one business shut out the rest of the competition. If AMD can weather this storm I am sure they will come back with some real innovation of their own. Until then, AMD fanboys just need to give it up and admit that they lost the last two rounds but hopefully this fight is far from over.

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