This week, Kioxia introduced its new 3D QLC NAND devices aimed at high-performance, high-capacity drives that could redefine what we typically expect from QLC-based SSDs. The components are 1 Tb and 2 Tb 3D QLC NAND ICs with a 3600 MT/s interface speed that could enable M.2-2230 SSDs with a 4 TB capacity and decent performance.

Kioxia's 1 Tb (128 MB) and 2 Tb (256 TB) 3D QLC NAND devices are made on the company's BICS 8 process technology and feature 238 active layers as well as CMOS directly Bonded to Array (CBA) design, which implies that CMOS (including interface and buffers circuitry) is built on a specialized node and bonded to the memory array. Such a manufacturing process enabled Kioxia (and its manufacturing partner Western Digital) to achieve a particularly high interface speed of 3600 MT/s.

In addition to being one of the industry's first 2 Tb QLC NAND devices, the component features a 70% higher write power efficiency compared to Kioxia's BICS 5 3D QLC NAND devices, which is a bit vague statement as the new ICs have higher capacity and performance in general. This feature will be valuable for data centre applications, though I do not expect someone to use 3D QLC memory for write-intensive applications in general. Yet, these devices will be just what the doctor ordered for AI: read-intensive, content distribution, and backup storage.

It is interesting to note that Kioxia's 1 Tb 3D QLC NAND, optimized for performance, has a 30% faster sequential write performance and a 15% lower read latency than the 2 Tb 3D QLC component. These qualities (alongside a 3600 MT/s interface) promise to make Kioxia's 1 Tb 3D QLC competitive even for higher-end PCIe Gen5 x4 SSDs, which currently exclusively use 3D TLC memory.

The remarkable storage density of Kioxia's 2Tb 3D QLC NAND devices will allow customers to create high-capacity SSDs in compact form factors. For instance, a 16-Hi stacked package (measuring 11.5 mm × 13.5 mm × 1.5 mm) can be used to build a 4TB M.2-2230 drive or a 16TB M.2-2280 drive. Even a single 16-Hi package could be enough to build a particularly fast client SSD.

Kioxia is now sampling its 2 Tb 3D QLC NAND BiCS 8 memory with customers, such as Pure Storage.

"We have a long-standing relationship with Kioxia and are delighted to incorporate their eighth-generation BiCS Flash 2Tb QLC flash memory products to enhance the performance and efficiency of our all-flash storage solutions," said Charles Giancarlo, CEO of Pure Storage. "Pure's unified all-flash data storage platform is able to meet the demanding needs of artificial intelligence as well as the aggressive costs of backup storage. Backed by Kioxia technology, Pure Storage will continue to offer unmatched performance, power efficiency, and reliability, delivering exceptional value to our customers."

"We are pleased to be shipping samples of our new 2Tb QLC with the new eighth-generation BiCS flash technology," said Hideshi Miyajima, CTO of Kioxia. "With its industry-leading high bit density, high speed data transfer, and superior power efficiency, the 2Tb QLC product will offer new value for rapidly emerging AI applications and large storage applications demanding power and space savings."

There is no word on when the 1 Tb 3D QLC BiCS 8 memory will be sampled or released to the market.

Source: Kioxia



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  • Bigos - Friday, July 5, 2024 - link

    > Kioxia's 1 Tb (128 MB) and 2 Tb (256 TB) 3D QLC NAND

    Both of these "MB" and "TB" should be "GB" instead (I admit I laughed aloud when I saw the first to undershoot 1024x and the second to overshoot the same amount at the same time...).
  • Oxford Guy - Saturday, July 6, 2024 - link

    I didn't see the latency compared with TLC. Reply
  • deil - Tuesday, July 9, 2024 - link

    Should not be that much worse, about 10%. Nothing you cannot fix with faster built in memory. IMHO, if it was better than 10% they would make it a marketing bullet point.
    still, because of good IOPS, it will be rare for anyone to notice the difference.
    QLC offer sizes and prices that everyone want, and it's not as bad as when TLC started, just because you will have an issue to use 0.2DWPD of 2/4/8TB drive every day for 5 years.
    We mostly do about 30-100GB writes per day, averaged, which means to kill 2TB QLC you need about 15 years.
    comparable price TLC, will age faster, because you fill half with files you don't use every day, and only half experience serious wear.
  • Silver5urfer - Sunday, July 7, 2024 - link

    What's the Latency and DWPD ? QLC is very bad for the storage but since Enterprise they are built with somewhat better standards but the DWPD will be lagging a lot and also consistent performance as well. Nothing can replace the SLC, MLC and now TLC. Or the superior Optane. Reply
  • FunBunny2 - Monday, July 8, 2024 - link

    "What's the Latency and DWPD ?"

    what matters in the Enterprise World ("Make it so!") is the cost/benefit analysis of one device over another. if QLC crap lasts long enough to be .0001 cent cheaper per bit per warranty time, then they'll get bought and scrapped just at warranty expiration.
  • SanX - Friday, July 12, 2024 - link

    Of course larger cheaper capacities look more attractive. But this is exactly the case when market pushes companies to make the stuff you better avoid at any cost. Even TLC i'd avoid too and used MLC and in some cases even SLC Reply

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