I don’t think there’s any way to sugarcoat this, but 2015 has not been a particularly great year for Qualcomm in the high-end SoC business. The company remains a leading SoC developer, but Snapdragon 810, the company’s first ARMv8 AArch64-capable SoC, did not live up to expectations. Seemingly held back by design matters and a rough 20nm planar manufacturing process – a problem shared by many vendors in the last year – Snapdragon 810 couldn’t make good use of its highly clocked ARM Cortex-A57 cores, and ultimately struggled in the face of SoCs built on better processes such as Samsung’s surprisingly early Exynos 7420.

But the purpose of today’s article isn’t to reminisce about the past, rather it’s to look towards the future. Qualcomm knows all too well what has happened in the past year and the cost to the company that has come from it, so now they need to dust themselves off and try again. With Samsung’s more advanced 14nm FinFET process in hand, a new CPU core, a new GPU, and a number of other advancements, Qualcomm is ready to try again; to try to recapture the good old days of 28nm and their Krait CPU architecture.

To that end Qualcomm started talking about Snapdragon 820 early and doing so loudly. Last month the company held their first press demonstration of the SoC, showcasing early demonstrations in action and going into more detail than ever before on their performance and power projections for their next-generation SoC.

If there is any unfortunate aspect to any of this, it’s that while Qualcomm is showing off Snapdragon 820 today, it won’t be ready for the holidays (lining up with what we expect will be the typical spring smartphone refreshes). But some of this is clearly driven by Qualcomm’s business needs and the aforementioned effort at Qualcomm to quickly pick themselves up and try again.

Meanwhile after last month’s demonstrations, this month Qualcomm is ready to move on to the next phase in what has become their traditional roll-out process for a new SoC: giving the press access to the company’s Mobile Development Platform (MDP) devices. Designed for software developers to begin building apps and (for lack of a better word) experiences around the new SoC, the MDP is something of the home-stretch in SoC development, as it means Qualcomm is ready to let the press and developers see the hardware and near-final software stack. We’ve previously previewed the Snapdragon 800, 805, and 810 via their MDPs, and for Snapdragon 820 Qualcomm has once again opted to do the same. So without further ado, let’s take our first look at Snapdragon 820.

Qualcomm Snapdragon S810 Specifications
SoC Snapdragon 820 Snapdragon 810 Snapdragon 800
CPU 2x Kryo@1.593GHz
512KB(?) L2 cache

2x Kryo@2.150GHz
1MB(?) L2 cache
4x A53@1.555GHz
512KB L2 cache

4x A57@1.958GHz
2MB L2 cache
4x Krait 400@2.45GHz
4x512KB L2 cache
Memory
Controller
2x 32-bit
LPDDR4 @ 1803MHz

28.8GB/s b/w
2x 32-bit
LPDDR4 @ 1555MHz

24.8GB/s b/w
2x 32-bit
LPDDR3 @ 933MHz

14.9GB/s b/w
GPU Adreno 530
@ 624MHz
Adreno 430
@ 600MHz
Adreno 330
@ 600MHz
Mfc.
Process
Samsung
14nm LPP
TSMC
20nm SoC
TSMC
28nm HPm

Taking a trek down to sunny San Diego, Qualcomm handed to us the Snapdragon 820 MDP/S. A 6.2” phablet, the MDP/S is a development kit designed for function over form, containing a full system implementation (sans cellular) in an otherwise utilitarian design. Along with the Snapdragon 820 SoC, the 820 MDP/S also includes a 6.2” 2560x1600 display, 3GB of LPDDR4 memory runnning at a slightly higher 1804MHz instead of 1555MHz we've seen on the Snapdragon 810 and Exynos 7420, a 64GB Universal Flash Storage package, a 21MP rear camera, 802.11ac WiFi, and a Sense ID ultrasonic fingerprint scanner. Overall the aesthetics of the MDP/S differs significantly from what retail phones will go for, but internally the MDP/S won’t be far removed from the kinds of configurations we’ll see in 2016 smartphones.

Overall there’s little to report on the MDP/S experience itself. Qualcomm is still sorting out some driver bugs – only one device in our group was ready to run PCMark – and to be sure like past Qualcomm MDP previews this is very much a preview. However the experience was otherwise unremarkable (in a good way) with our unit completing all of our tests bar part of SPEC CPU 2000, which will require further analysis.

More interesting from a testing perspective is that Qualcomm opted to demonstrate Snapdragon 820 using the MDP/S smartphone development kit, instead of a larger MDP/T tablet development kit. Qualcomm has used MDP/T for the press demonstrations on both Snapdragon 800 and Snapdragon 810, so the fact that they are once again using the MDP/S is very notable. From a pure performance perspective the MDP/T allowed Qualcomm to show off previous Snapdragon designs at their best – these are just performance previews, after all – but after Snapdragon 810 I don’t doubt that had this been another MDP/T that the 820’s thermals and power consumption would be called into question. So instead we are looking at 820 in a phablet, and while this may not put 820 in the best possible light, the end result is that we get to see what performance in a large phone looks like, and for Qualcomm there isn’t any doubt about 820’s suitability for a smartphone.

As for Snapdragon 820 itself, we’ve already covered the SoC in some depth in past articles – and this week’s preview doesn’t come with much in the way of new architectural information – but here’s a quick recap of what we know so far. 820 uses a new Qualcomm developed CPU core called Kryo. The quad core CPU is best described as an HMP solution with two high-performance cores clocked at 2150 MHz and two low-power cores clocked at 1593MHz. The CPU architectures of both clusters are identical, but with differences in cache configuration and their power/frequency tuning.

Meanwhile the GPU inside 820 is the Adreno 530. This is a next-generation design from Qualcomm and includes functionality that until now has only been found in PC desktops, such as shared virtual memory with the CPU, which allows an OpenCL host program and a device's kernel to share a virtual address space so access to data structures like lists and trees can be easily shared between the host and GPU. The underlying architecture is capable of Renderscript and OpenCL 2.0 on the compute side – a significant step up from Adreno 400 – and on the graphics side supports OpenGL ES 3.1 + AEP and Vulkan. We know the 530 should be powerful, but like past Qualcomm designs the company is saying virtually nothing about the underlying architecture.

Finally, while it’s not something that can be covered in our brief testing, the 820 contains a new DSP block, the Hexagon 680. Hexagon 680 and its Hexagon Vector Extensions (HVX) are designed to handle significant compute workloads for image processing applications such as virtual reality, augmented reality, image processing, video processing, and computer vision. This means that tasks that might otherwise be running on a relatively power hungry CPU or GPU can run a comparatively efficient DSP instead. The HVX has 1024-bit vector data registers, with the ability to address up to four of these slots per instruction, which allows for up to 4096 bits per cycle.

CPU Performance: Meet Kryo
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  • BurntMyBacon - Monday, December 14, 2015 - link

    @mmrezaie: "It is actually at best as good as A72 performances reported so far, and not even on a same node size. So what was all the reason behind research and development when you build something as good as ARM's offering."

    To be fair, Qualcomm used ARM cores for the 810 and that turn out, lets say, less than stellar. I can understand why they might want to go back to their own IP. Even if performance is the same, that doesn't mean power consumption, heat density, etc. are the same. Samsung uses ARM cores for their Exynos chips and IIRC they had to fix a problem with their cores in the past as well to get the cores up to the speed they wanted. Also, designing it yourself can be cheaper than buying the core from ARM if you are proficient enough.
    Reply
  • melgross - Thursday, December 10, 2015 - link

    What happened, really, was that the Exynos chips weren't as good as the Snapdragon, and would be used in areas of the world where cost was more important that ultimate performance. The 810 wasn't used by them because it wasn't a very good chip, and it's only been recently, with the latter tape-outs, that aimed of the heating problems have been mitigated. Reply
  • lilmoe - Friday, December 11, 2015 - link

    "Exynos chips weren't as good as the Snapdragon"

    I'm not sure when this false perception started, but that's just the fantasy of a handful of Snapdragon apologists. Exynos SoCs have ALWAYS been better than Snapdragons since their inception with the Hummingbird (GS1). Samsung has only stumbled with the Exynos 5410 (where they didn't have a "working" CCI), and less so on the 5420, and that was more like ARM's fault rather than Samsung's. Samsung later "fixed" ARM's design and moved forward with better chips than Qualcomm's offerings starting with the Exynos 5422 (except for the integrated modem part, up until recently that is).

    They sometimes ran hotter than Snapdragons but Samsung always fixes things up with updates. Apps and Games have always run better and smoother on Exynos variants (even the 5410), and they've always aged better, *especially* after patches and software updates. I can attest to that through experience, and so can many reviewers.

    Snapdragon apologists have always argued "custom ROM support". That's a very small percentage of users. Like REALLY small, to the point of irrelevance.
    Reply
  • kspirit - Friday, December 11, 2015 - link

    The main reason I do prefer devices with snapdragon SoCs is because of AOSP-based ROMs. You're right, it's a very small minority, but it's still nice to have. Samsung makes A+ hardware but their software is kind of meh to me. Personal preference and all.

    But Exynos hasn't historically been a very good chipset. Sure, it beat the 810 this year and did well with heat, but there have been shortcomings on Exynos in the past.

    I remember back in the days of GS2, Exynos didn't have anything on their chipset to support notification LEDs (and even if they did, no one knew how to use them), while the same was available on Qualcomm's chips. Also, up to at least the Galaxy S4 (maybe even S5), Samsung's Exynos devices had a very seriously annoying lag between the time the home button was pressed and the screen turned on. Someone said it was because of the S-voice shortcut but it persisted on custom ROMs where S-Voice wasn't even there. It was some hardware thing.

    TL;DR: being a benchmark destroyer isn't everything.
    Reply
  • Andrei Frumusanu - Saturday, December 12, 2015 - link

    Notification LEDs have absolutely nothing to so with the SoC... Reply
  • alex3run - Saturday, December 12, 2015 - link

    Exynos 5410 wasn't really a failure just because its GPU is FAR ahead of Adreno 320 used in SD600. I was just surprised when saw how bad Adreno 320 runs real 3D games. Reply
  • LiverpoolFC5903 - Monday, December 14, 2015 - link

    Thats nowhere near true I am afraid. The Powervr sgx 544 mp3 was beaten in almost every metric by the Adreno 320 rev.2. CPU wise the 5410 was better due to the use of higher ipc A15 cores but GPU performance was better in the Snapdragon 600, in real life as well as in most benchmarks.

    The Adreno 320 revision 2 is still relevant at around 85 Gflops, peforming better than midrangers like the Adreno 405 and Mali T760 MP2. Its almost identical in performance with the Rogue G6200 used in Mediatek's Mt6595 and Mt6795.
    Reply
  • alex3run - Monday, December 21, 2015 - link

    Sorry but Adreno 320 v2 doesn't exist at all. Stop believing the delusional lies from a chinese blog.

    As I said I was just surprised how bad Adreno 320 really is. I don't mind benchmarks because it seems like Qualcomm bought most benchmark makers. Only real performance I trust. Only in real games and apps.
    Reply
  • tuxRoller - Monday, December 21, 2015 - link

    How do you determine that the pvr sgx 544 is FAR ahead of the adreno 320?
    Anything reproducible?
    Reply
  • V900 - Friday, December 11, 2015 - link

    Actually Samsung probably wouldn't save any money by using an Exynos SOC.

    The two divisions are independent of each other, which means that Samsung the SOC vendor charges Samsung the device vendor the same prices they charge everyone else.

    I doubt Apple would let them manufacture their CPUs if they weren't seperate divisions and had firewalls between them.
    Reply

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