When AMD unveiled its Ryzen 7 5800X3D with 96 MB of L3 cache, which was made possible with AMD's 3D V-Cache chiplet packaging technology, it changed the game figuratively and literally. In games that can leverage that massive pool of L3 cache to their benefit, the 5800X3D looked like a superstar, but the only thing letting it down was the compute performance on offer. In those situations, it was worse than the existing Ryzen 7 5800X and cost $100 more. It was marketed and targeted at gamers and worked well, but that part was really only the first taste of what was to come – it was only a matter of time before AMD rolled out new X3D SKUs with the better-performing Zen 4 cores.

AMD Ryzen 9 7950X3D CPU-Z screenshot

Bringing their V-Cache technology forward to the latest generation of CPUs, AMD has much bigger plans this time around. Rather than only releasing a single part based on a mid-range chip design, AMD has put together a three chip stack that encompasses their flagship CPU configurations for the first time. The combination of AMD's now well-proven Zen 4 CPU architecture and additional L3 cache makes for a potent partnership compared to AMD's previous generational offering, with faster CPU cores and a new scheduling mechanisms to help Windows allocate threads on what is increasingly a non-homogenous CPU architecture.

AMD's decision to build an asymmetrical CPU design makes for some interesting fodder for analysis. Parking CPU cores and altering core priorities on the fly adds a new layer to the onion that is OS thread scheduling, but it's a necessary layer all the same for AMD to make the jack-of-all-trades type of chip that they set out to build. A homogenous chip using two V-Cache equipped CCDs would have been easier to work with, but it would have taken a bigger hit in compute performance, and likely more critically, it would have been even more expensive at time when consumers are already bristling at PC hardware costs.

In any case, with the flexibility of pretty fast cores for compute performance, and an 8-core CCD with 96 MB of L3 V-Cache that soaks up games, the Ryzen 9 7950X3D is a 16-core powerhouse that looks to provide gamers with more performance without asking them to give up too much compute performance in the process. 

AMD Ryzen 9 7950X3D Analysis:

We saw different performance levels throughout as we put the Ryzen 9 7950X3D through its paces in our CPU suite. The AMD Ryzen 9 7950X3D will be hitting the streets tomorrow at $699, while the latter is currently available at the time of writing from Amazon for $589. This means the 7950X3D will be carrying a $110 premium over what has been AMD's flagship chip for compute and gaming over the past 5 months.

For this review, we've analyzed the compute and gaming performance separately. 

AMD Ryzen 9 7950X3D Gaming Analysis: 3D V-Cache Wins Again in Gaming, But Not in All Titles

When we reviewed the AMD Ryzen 5800X3D, we observed that some titles benefitted from the 3D V-Cache more than others; some of the titles in our suite weren't impacted. And with the Ryzen 7000 family, that hasn't changed – the benefits of the additional 64MB of L3 cache vary from title to title.

A quick summary of gaming performance highlights that games that can benefit from the 3D V-Cache perform very well. Some cases, such as Hitman 3, perform exceptionally better than the competition.

(h-3) Hitman 3 - 1080p Ultra - Average FPS

Looking at performance in Hitman 3 at 1080p Ultra settings, we can see that the Ryzen 9 7950X3D outperforms the Ryzen 9 7950X by around 12% in average frame rates. This is quite a jump in performance from just the L3 cache, and it plays into the hands of AMD here. While not all games on the market are optimized for processors with large cores, we can see that the Ryzen 9 7950X3D, when gaming, operates as an 8-core chip with 96 MB of L3 cache, outperforming the Ryzen 9 7950X with 16-cores and faster ones at that.

(f-3) Red Dead 2 - 1440p Min - Average FPS

Another title where the 3D V-Cache boosts performance is Red Dead Redemption 2, one of the most popular open-world games. At 1440p minimum settings, we saw an increase of around 16% in average frame rates compared to the 7950X, which is very impressive. Concerning the Ryzen 7 5800X3D, which also showed solid performance levels, the Ryzen 9 7950X3D beat it by nearly 8%.

(f-4) Red Dead 2 - 1440p Min - 95th Percentile

Perhaps the only caveat to the Ryzen 9 7950X3D in gaming came at the 95th percentile, which looks at the slowest 5% of frames. Where minimum frame rates and 5% lows are essential, the Ryzen 9 7950X3D saw 11% lower 95th percentile frame rates when compared to the 7950X. Taking our results in Red Dead Redemption 2 at 1440p as a prime example, we saw average frame rate gains over the 7950X by around 16%, but performance regressed by 12% at the 95th percentile.

Our suspicion here is that we're seeing the lower clockspeeds of the V-Cache CCD rear its head. Bottlenecks shift during the frame generation process (AI, physics, world generation, etc), so where RDR2 benefits from the extra cache in some points, it may now be more compute bottlenecked in others. We did see examples with the Ryzen 7 5800X3D also displaying solid levels of average frame rate performance in some titles, but it was somewhat let down by 95th percentiles in some. The Ryzen 9 7950X3D is more consistent in 5% low performance, and although it wasn't in every instance or every title, we did observe this in Red Dead Redemption 2 and World of Tanks. Like virtually everything else about the additional L3 cache, it's all very situational.

Overall, the gaming performance on display from AMD's Ryzen 9 7950X3D is undoubtedly impressive, and in titles where the 3D V-Cache can be leveraged, the 7950X3D is excellent. As you'd likely expect from hardware changes that improve the CPU, the biggest wins came at 1080p and 1440p resolutions, where the GPU is less likely to the bottleneck. And while 4K performance was still respectable, games are definitely more likely to be hard bound by GPU performance there. Much like the older Ryzen 7 5800X3D, the Ryzen 9 7950X3D is a chip primarily marketed for gamers, and from our testing, it's undoubtedly a smart move from AMD.

As an aside, given just how situational the performance benefits are of AMD's V-Cache, it would be nice to see AMD put together some sort of performance guide, even if it's only on a semi-official basis. Having a list of games that see a performance benefit (and by how much) would be very helpful for buyers trying to decide on whether to splurge on the X3D chip, I believe. This is data AMD should already have in-house, especially as the GPU side of the business is already doing regular automated performance testing for new drivers.

AMD Ryzen 9 7950X3D Compute Analysis: Slightly Slower than the 7950X

Although the AMD Ryzen 9 7950X3D makes for a potent improvement in gaming workloads, there are far fewer examples of general computing workloads where the large amounts of L3 cache outweigh higher CPU frequencies. While AMD has narrowed the gap versus what we saw with last year's single-CCD 5800X3D, the crux of the matter is the Ryzen 9 7950X3D still ends up being slower than the Ryzen 9 7950X in most computing tasks. While AMD's drivers, optimizations, and CCX switching in games work well, for anything that can fire up more than 16 threads – enough work to spill over in to both CCDs – the clockspeed penalties from the V-Cache CCD and overall lower TDP inflict a price.

(4-1c) Blender 3.3 Fishy Cat: Compute

Taking examples from our CPU suite as a prime example that the Ryzen 9 7950X3D is slightly slower than the Ryzen 9 7950X in compute, we can see in the Blender 3.3 Fishy Cat (rendering) test that the Ryzen 9 7950X3D is around 7% slower than the Ryzen 9 7950X. This test put the Ryzen 9 7950X3D below the Intel Core i9-13900KS and 13900K, whereas the Zen 4 16 core goliath, the 7950X, does best. The Ryzen 9 7950X is a rendering beast, and although the Ryzen 9 7950X3D still performs well, the proof is in the pudding that users not too fussed about gaming are likely better off sticking with the architecturally homogenous (and very highly clocked) 7950X.

(5-4) x264, Bosphorus 1080p

In encoding performance, and using our results in the x264 Bosphorus 1080p benchmark, we see much of the same again between the Ryzen 9 7950X3D and 7950X directly, as well as the positioning of the performance including the flagship 13th Gen Core i9-13900KS and 13900K processors. The Ryzen 9 7950X3D was a bit less than 10% slower than the Ryzen 9 7950X in this particular test, while it was only 4% slower than the Core i9-13900KS. I would still consider this a win for AMD, to an extent, as both chips will retail for similar prices, while the Ryzen 9 7950X3D offers more scope in gaming performance due to the inclusion of the 3D V-Cache.

(0-0) Peak Power

Ultimately, the Ryzen 9 7950X3D still performs respectably in rendering, encoding, and other intensive workloads, but it's clear that the Ryzen 9 7950X still holds the performance crown here for AMD. Given that the Ryzen 9 7950X3D at full load uses around 35% less power than the 7950X, this would always impact performance. Despite this, the Ryzen 9 7950X3D still performed well in our compute section, showing that Zen 4's performance per watt efficiency is excellent. If anything, the 7950X is the outlier in this respect, as these results again underscore how AMD had to sacrifice a lot of that efficiency in the name of attaining all-out performance for their fastest parts.

AMD PPM Provisioning & 3D V-Cache Performance Optimizer Aren't Always Right

Focusing on AMD's new PPM Provisioning and 3D V-Cache Performance Optimizer drivers, we did come across an example where putting all the workload on both CCDs yielded the wrong outcome for performance. Technically an edge-case scenario, we found that AMD's drivers and Microsoft's Xbox Game Bar failed to properly detect that the headless benchmark version of Factorio was running.

(3-3b) Factorio v1.1.26 Test, 10K Belts

As we can see in our Factorio benchmark, we saw massive gains of over 100% when forcing the Ryzen 9 7950X3D to use the CCD with the 3D V-Cache, as opposed to letting AMD's PPM Provisioning and 3D V-Cache Optimizer drivers do their things automatically. Otherwise, when left to their own devices, X3D software stack – and specifically, the Xbox Game Bar – weren't able to recognize our Factorio benchmark run as a game that warranted intervention.

Factorio aside, we saw the AMD PPM and 3D V-Cache Performance Optimizer drivers working very well throughout our testing. So, while there's clear room for improvement, AMD's first foray into heterogeneous CPU cores is on the right track.

Users can force the Ryzen 9 7950X3D to use the 3D V-Cache in Xbox Game Bar.

For users who want to force the system to use the CCD with the 3D V-Cache, it can be enabled in the AMD Ryzen Master software, as well as within the firmware. Users can also circumvent the software by opening software or a game unfamiliar to the Xbox Game Bar and ticking the check box to tell the Game Bar that the active application is in fact a game. At the end of the day, AMD has firmly attached their buggy to Windows' Game Mode here, so how well Windows identifies games is going to dictate whether a program gets sent to the right CCD.

Final Thoughts: The Ryzen 9 7950X3D is For Gamers, But It's Still Respectable in Compute

AMD's Ryzen 9 7950X3D is targeted more at gamers than content creators. What's interesting about the new Ryzen 9 7950X3D when directly compared to the Ryzen 7 5800X3D is that the 7950X3D further enhances AMD's 3D V-Cache chiplet packaging. The Ryzen 9 7950X3D benefits from 128 MB of 3D V-Cache (96 MB on one CCD) and has the latest Zen 4 cores based on TSMC's 5 nm node, which has an IPC and frequency advantage over Zen 3.

Where the similarities end between the Ryzen 9 7950X3D and the Ryzen 7 5800X3D, the Ryzen 9 7950X3D does gaming excellently in titles that can leverage the 3D V-Cache, but it also has plenty of grunt from the 16-cores in compute tasks. Although we saw just one X3D SKU from AMD's Ryzen 5000 generation, AMD is releasing three for Ryzen 7000.

The most expensive and perhaps best of these Ryzen 7000X3D SKUs is the Ryzen 9 7950X3D, which has an MSRP of $699, and although we haven't reviewed the Ryzen 9 7900X3D, and the Ryzen 7 7800X3D doesn't launch until April, the Ryzen 9 7950X3D should fare better than the others in compute performance. Regarding gaming performance, it's hard to judge if the Ryzen 9 7950X3D will outperform the Ryzen 7 7800X3D when it launches.

AMD has cooked up an absolute gaming powerhouse with the Ryzen 9 7950X3D

This is because the Ryzen 7800X3D is an 8-core/16-thread part with 96 MB of 3D V-Cache on one CCD, while the Ryzen 9 7950X3D operates as an 8-core/16-thread part with 96 MB of 3D V-Cache when in 'gaming mode. So, taking the above into account when factoring in gaming performance for the price, the Ryzen 9 7950X3D has an MSRP of $699, while AMD intends to launch the Ryzen 7 7800X3D for $449 on the 6th of April. Both of these chips should have similar levels of performance in many games, providing a quandary for users and gamers alike to decide.


For users looking for a solid all-around chip that can deliver leading gaming performance but still hang with the top dogs from Intel and AMD in compute performance, the Ryzen 9 7950X3D is an excellent offering. Even at $699, it represents a leading-edge offering with the latest Zen 4 cores packaged with AMD's 3D V-Cache. It benefits gaming performance in specific use cases where the game can leverage a large level of L3 cache.


If you're looking for the highest levels of compute performance for tasks such as video rendering and content creation, and it has to be Ryzen 7000, then the Ryzen 9 7950X still holds the overall performance crown. AMD has done a superb job with the Ryzen 9 7950X3D making it the fastest gaming processor in titles that can use the 3D V-Cache, while still offering decent performance in compute; that's a win for AMD. AMD's PPM Provisioning and 3D V-Cache Performance Optimizer drivers both work well and bolster the overall efficacy of the processor to deliver the right workload to the suitable CCD.

The Ryzen 9 7950X3D is still respectable, but if gaming isn't your thing, then the Ryzen 9 7950X is currently cheaper than the 7950X3D at $589 from Amazon and still offers a good balance between gaming and compute performance. Otherwise, if gaming is your thing and you're well informed that the titles you play the most can benefit from the 3D V-Cache, then the Ryzen 9 7950X3D is the way to go.

It could be worth waiting for the Ryzen 7 7800X3D if gaming is the only thing you do, as it's around 55% cheaper (at MSRP) than the Ryzen 9 7950X3D and should, in theory, offer the same levels of gaming performance. It should also be noted that the Ryzen 7 5800X3D is currently on offer from Amazon for $323, representing excellent value for gamers.

Gaming Performance: 4K
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  • Flunk - Monday, February 27, 2023 - link

    Looking at all these charts, it's not hard to come to the conclusion that if you're cost-constrained, and the only stressful thing you're doing is gaming that the best strategy is to buy a 7600x and put all of your budget towards your GPU. But if you need to do something that can use a lot of threads (compiling, encoding, etc), the 7950x3d is better, by a small amount, in most games.
  • Hifihedgehog - Monday, February 27, 2023 - link

    Or the 5800X3D. AMD made it too good. I think 3D Cache will not be worthwhile until 8000 or 9000 series Ryzen when they get the clockspeed throttling resolved.
  • Otritus - Monday, February 27, 2023 - link

    3D V-Cache will absolutely be worth in Ryzen 7000. Just wait for the 7800X3D that has a homogenous core design. I had suspicions that AMD wouldn’t figure out how to properly optimize for the dual-CCD V-Cache designs, and that seems to have been correct. Hopefully, AMD gets this fixed for Zen 5 because V-Cache is an amazing technology when it works.
  • AvidGamer - Monday, February 27, 2023 - link

    I fully agree with you there, I too shared the same suspicion and so far it seems to have come true.
    Another good reason to keep my good and trusted, lovely Intel 13900 KS overclocked to 6.4 GHZ (yes that is for all P cores simultaneously and of course the E-(core)waste is turned off, don't ask, I am running a high flow industrial liquid cooling system that keeps temperatures precisely 2 degrees above the respective dew points; yes it is way larger than a full tower by far and does not rely on those commonly found small crappy radiators and noctua fans as it is used to cool parts of my laboratory equipment, thus I've just added an additional loop (with individual target temperature control) for my processor and graphics card, a trivial matter by the way) and to skip this only half hearted implementation of the AMD 3D-Vcache technology.

    IMHO the 7950X3D and 7900X3D have been intentionally crippled for various product placement and business strategy related reasons and I absolutely abhor such practices and condemn them in the strongest way possible. AMD could and should have equipped the 7950X3D with its 3D Vertical Cache technology on both chiplets instead of turning it into an undead zombie like hybrid of neither fish nor fowl. I really despise such artificial hindrances to what could have been a fully functional and well rounded product. In fact I would gladly have paid 1000$ for a hypothetical 7950X2*3D if I would have gotten the chance to buy something like it with more cache on all chiplets, what a shame and a waste first and foremost. Anyway, since my employer foots the bill I've already placed my order (with my employer, I don't know when it gets fulfilled by Intel) for a 4 socket system containing 4 Intel Sapphire Rapids 8490H processors (with all accelerators enabled) that will hopefully help me to get over this enormous disappointment AMD has caused me here. Yeah, if AMD had delivered a solid product in the form of an 7950X2*3D I might have opted for an Epyc based system, but since they decided to basically artificially cripple what could have become a very promising product it is bye bye Epyc 9654 instead and rightly so! Thankfully core density on a per system basis with multiple sockets is higher with intel platinum processors anyway.
  • Bruzzone - Monday, February 27, 2023 - link

    I concur 1 x XCCD seems the way to go for AMD optimized titles only and on price performance however Epyc LC or 8490H 4-way or 9654 2P for containerized / virtualized / partitioned are entirely different realms. Have fun with the Intel SR applied science project. mb
  • Otritus - Monday, February 27, 2023 - link

    Dannyzreviews actually found that e-cores on average increases performance in games. It’s like -5 to 10% performance delta and something like 3% faster on average if I recall correctly. That video came out on YouTube fairly recently so give it a watch.
  • Samus - Tuesday, February 28, 2023 - link

    I noticed the same thing while overclocking. Disabling e-cores to get higher clocked p-cores actually hurt overall FPS in Battlefield 2042, a highly CPU-bound game. Unfortunately e-cores do not overclock well, and they are more power hungry than you'd think which limits p-core overclocking potential. Alder Lake is especially dicey with the silicon lottery I hear. I somewhat lucked out but there are tons of people who have identical stepping 12700K's running a full 0.100v higher than mine - the microcode or something in the chip seems to dictate a stock + offset! Mine never exceeds 1.300v stock while many are 1.35+ on the same motherboard, BIOS and settings.
  • Targon - Tuesday, February 28, 2023 - link

    Think about the reason why that might happen, you have background tasks, and for some games that use 6-8 cores(there are a few of them around), background programs DO get in the way. So, 8 cores is good for games, but having extra cores will take care of that background stuff. This is why I went with a Ryzen 9 7900X, so I have the extra four cores for anything in the background that might get in the way of games or whatever else I may be doing.
  • octra - Friday, March 10, 2023 - link

    But the 7900X has the same 6+6 configuration as the 3D CPU. So those extra cores are not on the same CCD. Any game using more than 6 cores will have use both CCDs at the same time.
  • Dizoja86 - Monday, February 27, 2023 - link

    Wow, AvidGamer. I've read some pretentious posts on Anandtech in my time, but that was really something else. Almost worthy of its own copypasta.

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