• What
    is this?
    You've landed on the AMD Portal on AnandTech. This section is sponsored by AMD. It features a collection of all of our independent AMD content, as well as Tweets & News from AMD directly. AMD will also be running a couple of huge giveaways here so check back for those.
    PRESENTED BY

MySQL OLTP

Currently we don't have a good transactional (OLTP) benchmark that works with our vApus stress test client, so we went back to the MySQL Sysbench utility. Sysbench allows us to place an OLTP load on a MySQL test database, and you can chose the regular test or the read only test. We chose read only as even with several SSDs our benchmark remained disk I/O limited. Our current Promise JBOD does not work with SATA SSDs, so we can only use the three remaining SATA interfaces in our supermicro server.

The read only setting makes the test less real world, but a Sysbench test is rather synthetic anyway. The main reason why we tested with Sysbench is to get a huge amount of queries that only select very small parts (a few or one row) of the tables, so we can see how our platforms behave in this kind of scenario. And the results were very different from our OLAP benchmarks.

Since we could not use the capabilities of our vApus client, we were not able to perform an in-depth analysis like we did on the MS SQL Server tests. Yes, Sysbench allows you to test with any number of threads you like, but there is no "think time" feature. That means all queries fire off as quickly as possible, so you cannot simulate "light" and "medium" loads.

The response times are very small, which is typical for an OLTP test. To take them into account, we are showing you the highest throughput at around 3 ms (2.8 ms to 3.3 ms). We tested with 1 million records, but 10 million records gave very similar results.

MySQL Sysbench Read Only

The Intel X5650 gets a 30% boost from SMT, which is more or less equal to adding two extra cores (compare Xeon X5650, which is a hex-core, and the E5640 quad-core). This shows that this benchmark scales well over more cores, threads, or clusters.

The second integer cluster inside the new Opteron offers 40% more performance. So once again, CMT does the job. The Opteron 6276 does well but does not really break away from the pack. For example, if we take the small clockspeed advantage of the 6276 into account, the new Opteron is hardly faster than its predecessor.

How about power? We didn't test all configurations but the Xeon X5650, Opteron 6174 and Opteron 6176 are in the same league. The huge increase in TPC-c performance that AMD touts is for a significant part the result of using better SSDs, but we estimate that the new chip is about 20-30% faster that the previous one. The new Opteron appears very capable when it comes to OLTP.

MySQL OLAP Analyzed SAP S&D Benchmark
POST A COMMENT

46 Comments

View All Comments

  • tech6 - Thursday, February 09, 2012 - link

    We have a number of these in our data center and they have been a disappointment. Single threaded performance is low and the memory sharing performance under VMWare is poor. That leaves it only competitive for DB and web servers work which is OK but it doesn't make a compelling case for the architecture as similar Intel offerings perform well in all tasks. AMD still has a small price advantage, but once you add the VMWare licensing and data center costs the percentage difference is negligible. Reply
  • duploxxx - Thursday, February 09, 2012 - link

    Typical answers, I debate such results all the time with many IT departments all over the world so called "standardized on and runs bette on" statements. So you have a large number of these new Opteron 6200 series already in datacenter and already got this info out of it, yeah right. Our virtual datacenters with approx 1000 servers exist out of AMD based systems, the only time i thought about swapping to intel after performance/price/power review was when intel released the Nehalem (oh and perhaps the Socket R but can't disclose that yet, neither do I want to swap that fast knowing that abu dhabi is about to go in Beta samples already). In the low price 2s-4s (not talking about the over expensive EX versions) the AMD are still owning the virtualization with there multicore and more memory channels with lower price.

    Poor single thread has indeed been an issue for magny cours to a certain extend but not that it is noticable on a normal level of applications (you sound like a superpi user that only looks at theoretical results), poor memory sharing, care that to explain :). I suggest you have a look at general best practices on power settings for virtualized environments before complaining about response and throughput.
    These response time result measured here are not noticable in any general application and once adding some kernel overhead from NFS/iscsi or whatever in medium - high load servers forcing these tasks to HT cores will show quite a bit different result in platform performance. Anandtech Vapp results from are nice but are still not a full reflection of datacenter performance and the results are heavy influenced by the webapp which clearly seems to favor the Intel architecture. Neither does have the Vapp testing any iscsi/nfs kernel related tasks which many sites do have (to reduce infrastructure cost)

    Vmware licensing cost more for AMD? only for the enterprise edition, the abandoned vmware license version which was introduced again for v4 because of OEM pressure... time to investigate more before buying anything... advanced - enterprise plus has no difference for any core you would select and neither does v5 have.
    Reply
  • JohanAnandtech - Thursday, February 09, 2012 - link

    NFS/iSCSI: you seem to ignore the fact that besides OLTP, many apps (especially OLAP and web) run mostly out of memory. The whole idea of good data management is to make sure that your requests come out of memory. We have webcaches, database caches, file system caches, RAID caches and on disk caches...all these caches are made to make sure that the response time is NOT dominated by NFS/iSCSI.

    We have 5 years of experience building our vAPUS stresstesting client (not vApp) so don't discard our results so quickly.
    Reply
  • duploxxx - Thursday, February 09, 2012 - link

    I won't discard them as I said they are a of great value just like these testing posted today, but that doesn't change the fact that in current vApus stresstesting there is no use of NAS/ISCSI datastores which is very common these days now that 10G is affordable and creates additional overhead on systems, mostly not accounted for when selecting a platform. Sure for the review real performance conclusion are needed from cpu architectures and then this setup remains totally applicable. But you get people which i tried to answer before who take this final score result for granted and leverage it over a total platform as if that is the best choice.

    Second remains the fact that the final vApus calculation is based on all scores and the web based VM score is unbalancing the final score. I mentioned that years ago when the vApus1 and 2 were introduced, back in the old days.
    Reply
  • haplo602 - Friday, February 10, 2012 - link

    nothing that features heavy modifications will run out of memory .... do you cache your database redologs ? bad idea.

    similar for web servers that get heavy modifications.

    all the caches exist to only make the transition between respons time jumps less painfull, but they never remove those limits.

    if you have a static system (reads 99% of the time) then you can use caches a lot. untill the data set grows too large to cache and is sufficiently random.
    Reply
  • Iketh - Thursday, February 09, 2012 - link

    This was a fun read. Unfortunately, the thought still in the back of my mind while reading was why in the hell did AMD reinvent the P4??? I just don't get it.

    I hope the coorporate players who resigned fired some engineers prior...
    Reply
  • duploxxx - Thursday, February 09, 2012 - link

    very interesting info as usual, thx for the indepth review.

    In general I think it would be added value to mention what exact BIOS and power mngmnt settings have been set. Since the option exist of using PCC controlled power (BIOS - OEM) or through the OS, also settings like CE6 etc does influence the final results a lot on turbo etc, mainly towards your preliminary review and this one it's not always clear what exactly you have been using.

    result wise it is very strange that the 16core does not scale further then the 12core in SQL, for the reference testing that would give clear results when you could have tested the 6234-6238 which are also 12core versions. It is hard to believe that these 16core do not scale further, that they lack about 10-15% IPC @ same ghz sure but not raw performance in core count.

    Debatable is the fact that while using Dual rank 4MC on AMD and using 2 rows Dual rank 3MC on the intel, dual row dual rank will give more bandwidth, its not AMD fault they have 4MC vs intel only 3MC.... even Intel next gen will have a serie of 3MC and 4MC..... but this should not result in major differences.

    Last point, which IS a fact --> the price compare. While listed price might be comparable, reallity is quite a bit different in retail sales price. For large volume handling the discount between vendor is huge, the discount that Intel allows on it's CPU is way less then AMD, this changes the final cost price a lot.

    Reply
  • JohanAnandtech - Thursday, February 09, 2012 - link

    "In general I think it would be added value to mention what exact BIOS and power mngmnt settings have been set"

    Most of them can be seen at:
    http://www.anandtech.com/show/5279/the-opteron-627...
    C6 was enabled

    "dual row dual rank will give more bandwidth"
    You can easily reverse that argument: if I use 4 GB DIMMs on the AMD, the clockspeed of the DIMMs will throttle back to 1333. The AMD IMC can only use 1600 MHz with 1 DIMM per channel. So this is really the best case for AMD.

    "For large volume handling the discount between vendor is huge"
    ok. 1. those people are probably 0.001% of our readership. 2. Those prices are a moving and unknown target.
    Reply
  • duploxxx - Thursday, February 09, 2012 - link

    yes I have seen those settings, but during the review with so many back and forth testing showing issues on the power and bios settings from a reader perspective it is no longer clear what exact bios settings have been used (ms os - hypervisor) and what has been used and if results were updated with the right BIOS settings.

    I am not yet convinced that the 1600 is really added value for the 6200 series, perhaps it will be more added value on piledriver with enhancements. While 8GB ram prices did drop it is still not a default selection certainly not on 1600 speed. I did mention debatable memory :) did you test the difference in the Database benchmarks?

    Its not only large volume where the discount is even greater, just look at the HP website and order 3 "similar" designs from the same vendor:

    dl380 dual E5649 - 8gb ram : 5953$ (add 8gb ram + 150$ approx)
    dl380 dual X5660 - 24gb ram: 7178$ (remove 8 gb ram -150$, identical PSU -100$)
    dl385 dual 6272 - 16GB ram: 5202$

    so you can see quite a bit different price range.
    http://h71016.www7.hp.com/dstore/MiddleFrame.asp?p...
    http://h71016.www7.hp.com/dstore/MiddleFrame.asp?p...
    http://h71016.www7.hp.com/dstore/MiddleFrame.asp?p...
    Reply
  • alpha754293 - Thursday, February 09, 2012 - link

    Johan:

    I know that you and I have spoke a little bit offline about possibly doing more HPC and HPC-related testing.

    I, for one, would still like to see more of that because I think that's one area that a) is underserved by hardware review sites (sometimes with good reason), b) I think that it stresses the CPUs more/harder, and c) you can create/do/use a consistent benchmark test cases or suite of applications (like you mentioned about the SPEC OpenMP (although they have an MPI one as well, which I think is probably going to be even better).

    I think that the biggest downside is that the HPC applications DO take a fairly significant time to run. (Some of them runs for days on end - just to do one pass).

    And you can always throw more Hypervisors onto these systems, but I don't think that they're nearly as taxing as when you're running a computationally heavy/demanding application like simulating a car crashing into a wall at 35 mph. :oD

    And it's quite possible that you might be able to script the entire benchmarking process...
    Reply

Log in

Don't have an account? Sign up now