Introduction

Back in February, Intel released its first SandForce based SSD: the Intel SSD 520. Since then Intel's SSD lineup has evolved. A couple of months after the 520's release, Intel released a more mainstream focused SSD 330. Architecturally the SSD 520 and 330 were the same as both used SandForce's SF-2281 controller and IMFT's MLC NAND. The only real differences were limited to NAND quality and firmware; the 520 used higher binned NAND with more P/E cycles and its firmware was also more finely tuned to provide better performance.

While SandForce has yet to release its 3rd generation SSD controller, there's still room to upgrade one major component of these drives: the NAND itself. IMFT (Intel's and Micron's NAND joint-venture) has been fairly open about its next generation NAND products, including the transition to 20nm MLC NAND. Moving to smaller process geometries decreases die area, which increases the number of NAND die that can be produced on a single wafer (or increases the capacity that can reliably be produced on a single die). The move to 20nm is a necessary part of continuing to drive SSD costs down, although as with all process transitions we won't see those cost savings initially (die savings are offset by higher costs of a new process at the start).

IMFT's 20nm announcement happened back in April 2011. At the time, we were told not to expect to see 64Gb 20nm MLC NAND devices in SSDs until the middle of 2012. Now, a year and a half later, production is finally at a stage where volume and yields are both high enough for an actual product release. The vehicle for introduction? Intel's SSD 335.

As the name already suggests, the 335 is not a major upgrade over the 330. Intel usually reserves XX0 product names for bigger upgrades, such as the SSD 520 update where Intel moved to SandForce from a Marvell controller that was used in the SSD 510. The more minor updates (usually NAND die shrinks) only change the last number of the model. In other words, SSD 335 is essentially the SSD 330 but with 20nm MLC NAND instead of 25nm MLC NAND. Below is a full comparison of Intel's current consumer SSDs:

Comparison of Intel's Consumer SSDs
  SSD 330 (240GB) SSD 335 (240GB) SSD 520 (240GB)
Capacities (GB) 60, 120, 180, 240 240 60, 120, 180, 240, 480
Controller SandForce SF-2281
NAND Intel 25nm MLC Intel 20nm MLC Intel 25nm MLC
Sequential Read 500MB/s 500MB/s 550MB/s
Sequential Write 450MB/s 450MB/s 520MB/s
4KB Random Read 42K IOPS 42K IOPS 50K IOPS
4KB Random Write 52K IOPS 52K IOPS 80K IOPS
Warranty 3 years 3 years 5 years

At first, the SSD 335 will only be available in a 240GB capacity. I suspect that this has to do with 20nm NAND yields and volumes; it's a new process, yields are obviously lower and Intel hasn't had time to build an enormous stock yet. By only releasing a 240GB model at this point, which Intel tells us is the most popular capacity, it makes sure the 240GB model should be available in sufficient volume for the holiday market. If Intel had released all capacities simultaneously, it's possible that some capacities would have ran out of stock quickly. Intel likely still has a decent stock of 25nm NAND, so the 330 will stick around for at least a few months while the 335 ramps up additional capacities. The Intel SSD 520 will still be available as well, although I'm hearing that its successor is coming soon.

In terms of performance, the SSD 330 and SSD 335 are similar. This isn't shocking given that they are both based on the same controller and the only difference is the move from 25nm to 20nm MLC NAND. We aren't going to see any significant improvements in SandForce based SSDs until the third generation (SF-3000) controllers become available, which should be some time next year. There have of course been minor modifications to the firmware to support 20nm MLC NAND.

Similar to the SSD 330, the SSD 335 comes with a desktop installation kit including a 2.5" to 3.5" adapter, SATA cable and a Molex to SATA power adapter. 

NewEgg Price Comparison (10/29/2012)
Capacity 60/64GB 120/128GB 240/256GB 480/512GB
Intel SSD 335 N/A N/A $184 (MSRP) N/A
Intel SSD 330 $70 $99 $190 N/A
Intel SSD 520 $95 $120 $240 $490
Crucial m4 $75 $110 $200 $390
Samsung SSD 830 $100 $85 $170 $530
Samsung SSD 840 N/A $110 $200 $450
Plextor M5S $65 $120 $200 N/A
OCZ Vertex 4 $75 $100 $200 $400
Corsair Neutron N/A $130 $220 N/A

Intel's target with the SSD 330 was to bring an affordable drive to the market and the SSD 335 continues this trend. Suggested retail price of $184 for a 240GB drive is very competitive and there aren't many drives that can beat that at the moment. 

Update: The 240GB SSD 335 is already available in NewEgg for $210, which is unfortunately over $20 more than what the MSRP suggested.

The NAND

Intel's 20nm MLC NAND is mostly the same as its 25nm MLC NAND. We are still looking at 8GB per die with an 8KB page size, although Intel does have a 16GB die in development which will also increase the page size to 16KB. Since the key aspects are the same, there haven't been any dramatic changes to performance. Intel wouldn't provide us with any specific numbers but program latency is the same and erase time is slightly longer than its 25nm MLC NAND.

The new NAND also enables ONFI 2.3 support. ONFI 2.3 doesn't bring any bandwidth improvements as the spec still maxes out at 200MB/s. IMFT's 16GB die will feature ONFI 3.0 support, bringing the maximum bandwidth between the controller and NAND to 400MB/s per channel. The biggest new feature in ONFI 2.3 is support for the EZ-NAND protocol, although Intel has not adopted this protocol to its NAND. EZ-NAND allows ECC to be offloaded from the SSD controller to a separate controller (can be integrated into the NAND package as well):

Normal NAND on the left - EZ-NAND on the right

The advantage of offloading the ECC from the controller is that now ECC can be updated along with NAND without the need for a new controller. ECC is strictly implemented in hardware, which means a firmware update doesn't help; you will need a new physical controller to update ECC. As we move to smaller process nodes, the need for ECC increases as the error rate goes up. With more error prone NAND, it becomes even more important to decouple ECC generations from the host controller since the same controller can be used for more than one NAND generation. In the Intel SSD 335, ECC is still handled by the SF-2281 controller but in theory, manufacturers using Intel NAND could implement a third party off-chip ECC controller in their SSDs.

Testing Endurance
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  • sheh - Tuesday, October 30, 2012 - link

    Thanks for the clarification. Reply
  • jwilliams4200 - Thursday, November 01, 2012 - link

    I think the most accurate figure is the write amplification during the 4KiB QD32 test.

    In your first table, E1 = 1.51 TiB (Intel seems to have the same bug as Windows, labeling TB when they mean TiB)

    And F9 = 1208 GiB (I am assuming it is GiB not GB, since Intel usually seems to use the binary power units)

    Then in the last table, E1 = 3.90 TiB and F9 = 37791 GiB.

    Then WA = (37791 - 1208) / (3.90 - 1.51) / 1024 = 14.95

    So WA is about 15 for the QD32 4KiB random writes.
    Reply
  • jwilliams4200 - Monday, October 29, 2012 - link

    What is the exact wording from Intel for the $184 price?

    The article says MSRP, but in the past, Intel has often quoted their distributor price for 1000 units. In other words, how much newegg would pay Intel if they ordered 1000 units.

    So I am wondering whether $184 is really the MSRP, or whether it is the 1000 unit price (in which case the street price would be higher than $184)
    Reply
  • Kristian Vättö - Monday, October 29, 2012 - link

    Intel said the $184 is the RCP/MSRP (Recommended Customer Price/Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price). Reply
  • jwilliams4200 - Monday, October 29, 2012 - link

    Thank you for the clarification. So apparently newegg is selling for significantly more than the RCP (currently $210). Reply
  • Kristian Vättö - Monday, October 29, 2012 - link

    Thanks for the heads up, I updated the article with the NewEgg pricing info. I guess this once again proves that MSRPs are totally meaningless. Reply
  • MadMan007 - Monday, October 29, 2012 - link

    Or it proves that Newegg prices a bit high on newly launched tech. Maybe Newegg shouldn't be used as the sole basis for pricing any more. Reply
  • jwilliams4200 - Monday, October 29, 2012 - link

    No, it is not just newegg. The cheapest price (from a major retailer) that I see for the 335 now is $195 from buy.com. Most of the others want more than $200 including shipping. Reply
  • meloz - Monday, October 29, 2012 - link

    SSDs continue to be a minefield for consumers. It is pathetic that this SSD wore out as quickly as it did. Such a fundamental issue should have been caught in Intel's internal testing before the drive was dispatched for reviewing, specially when the drive started with MWI of 92. No one at Intel thought this was odd?

    Looks like we will have to wait another 18 months for SSDs to become truly reliable. But I thought the same 18 months ago. Ugh. Only the Samsung 840 inspires some sort of confidence.

    I shudder to think how these manufacturers will cope with newer NAND in future which will have even lesser write-erase cycle life.

    Reading about all these laughable "oops" by SSD manufacturers makes you *really* appreciate the job Segate, WD and Samsung do with their platter drives.
    Reply
  • jeffrey - Monday, October 29, 2012 - link

    After Anandtech's 840 Pro review sample died, I'm not super inspired with confidence about the plain 840. Reply

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