Making Compromises

What we have learned from the preceding PSU example? A higher rated power supply will run much quieter if it runs at less than 50% of its rated output, but you don't want the rating to be too high or else efficiency will drop. Now we come to the more complicated part of choosing the right power supply for a new system. You need to make compromises between achieving optimal efficiency and maintaining a quiet working environment. If that is your goal, our high-end sample system is a perfect candidate for a 900W power supply like the Cooler Master UCP 900W. Efficiency is very good throughout the operating range and noise levels will be far lower than the ambient noise from the rest of the system. What we want to do now is go through the three sample systems and select an appropriate power supply.

Our entry-level system has very low power consumption, and unfortunately most power supply manufacturers completely ignore this market segment. Our goal today is to focus on quality power supplies that are readily available worldwide, and most manufacturers start with 500W models and go up from there. That limits our choices, but there are still a few options.

We can only be sure about efficiency if we've tested a power supply, so we will confine ourselves to such units. (Note that we have not necessarily published reviews on all of these power supplies, but we have tested them.) Our entry-level system uses an ATI Radeon HD 3650 graphics card, which means we don't need a PEG connector; that makes our choices a little easier. We'll focus on the following offerings:

  1. Thermaltake TR2 QFan (300W) actively cooled
  2. Enermax Pro82+ (385W) actively cooled
  3. Amacrox Calmer 560 (300W) passively cooled
  4. Corsair VX450W (450W) actively cooled
  5. Antec Earthwatts (430W) actively cooled

In the range of 90W to 140W, it's little surprise that the best efficiency is achieved by the two power supplies with the lowest rating (300W). The Thermaltake TR2 QFan places first in our results, and second place goes to the Amacrox Calmer 560. The Enermax takes third place, Corsair is in fourth, and Antec ranks at the bottom of these five options. If it were possible to find a 250W power supply with similar performance at a lower price, that would be even better, but it's just not possible these days. That takes care of efficiency, but let's look at noise levels.


In the same range of 90W to 140W, the Amacrox Calmer 560 and Enermax Pro82+ are the best performers, with the overall crown going to Amacrox, since the Calmer 560 is passively cooled. The Thermaltake TR2 QFan and Corsair VS450W aren't too far behind, at only 18 dB(A) max, while Antec brings up the rear again.

Looking at the above two charts, the Thermaltake TR2 QFan is a perfect candidate for our entry-level system. However, if you instead prefer silence, we would go ahead and pick up the Amacrox Calmer 560. The HD 3650 is also available with passive cooling, so you will never have to complain about computer noise. In fact, I have that exact setup and use it daily as my system for web surfing and writing articles.

As the graphs show, there's still plenty of performance available, so we could even make a few system upgrades down the road. In truth, we could run this sort of system with a 200W power supply, but there are no quality PSUs available in that range. The desire for quality is what led us to select the Amacrox, Thermaltake, Enermax, Corsair, and Antec offerings, as they all provide excellent voltage regulation and overall quality.

What about Noise? PSUs for Midrange Systems
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  • Dancer - Thursday, October 22, 2009 - link

    On the face of it, this article seems an excellent, well-researched contribution to a highly vexed question. I do have a concern, however: We know that the power output of a PSU drops as it ages. We also know that this drop depends partly on quality and partly due to random chance. If I'm buying a PSU to last 3, 5 or more years, will this seriously affect the capacity of the PSU I should buy for a given machine?
    Reply
  • internetrush - Saturday, June 6, 2009 - link

    Ok, lets low ball it, im running 200w (average) per graphics card, about 50w cpu (core i7) and three hard drives.

    Lets see

    200 x 2
    +50 + 50 (motherboard chipset)
    +30 Sound card
    +10 cd drive
    +20 (fans)

    During a game, much less a stress test, im lowballing a 600w load on my PSU.

    If i had an 800w PSU that would be 80% of its total output, which thereby increases its heat and decreases its life.

    When you buy a 1000w PSU, not only are you ensuring that you will never watch your computer go up in smoke (had a friend do that to a 350w on an old P4) but you are also not having to replace it whenever you buy a new processor or add something to your system.

    This article is good, however, on a tech website i would expect a bit more consideration for the higher end gamers and common sense.

    Common sense says, if you are a higher end system user, you WILL expand said system!

    For gods sake! Some cards today use up to 500w power (the 4890X2 and new 295 SuperCard).

    As a gamer, id rather have a 2000W PSU that id never have to replace than a 400w that would FRY as soon as i threw on a new video card.
    Reply
  • Christoph Katzer - Saturday, August 8, 2009 - link

    Sorry for the late reply.

    You are probably right when you see it from the perspective of a high-end-hardcore-gamer... But do you know how small the percentage of people is who actually own a real high-end system?
    Reply
  • JohnMD1022 - Sunday, March 15, 2009 - link

    It would be nice if you could periodically update this with newer components. Reply
  • lopri - Tuesday, April 28, 2009 - link

    quote:

    quote
    Reply
  • BillyBuerger - Sunday, October 26, 2008 - link

    Anyone have any info on that Thermaltake QFan 300? That thing looks great efficiency wise. Not normally a Thermaltake fan. And the fan controller looks like it sucks. Just keep it below 150W... Or fan swap. Reply
  • Christoph Katzer - Thursday, October 30, 2008 - link

    I will have a review up soon! Reply
  • Cincybeck - Tuesday, September 30, 2008 - link

    Couple of "knowitall" friends were trying to tell me I was going to need a larger power supply when I built my new system. Which in turned incited the Microcenter sales person saying oh yea you're probably going to need that too. I turned around said I estimated these parts to draw at most around 200, 250 watts, and I have a 500W Seasonic M12. Shut him up pretty quickly, but my friends were still pushing it the whole way home. So now if they ever bring it up again I can print this article and shove it in their face. Thanks =D Reply
  • 0roo0roo - Sunday, September 28, 2008 - link

    i like the graphs:)
    keep it up!
    this is the info we need!
    normally the psu market is just lousy because of the lack of any real information.
    Reply
  • mark84 - Friday, September 26, 2008 - link

    For those quoting that old link for the AtomicMPC graphics card power thread, the new/current one is being maintained here http://forums.atomicmpc.com.au/index.php?showtopic...">http://forums.atomicmpc.com.au/index.php?showtopic... Reply

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