Miscellaneous Aspects and Concluding Remarks

The performance of the G-DRIVE SSD and ArmorLock SSD in various real-world access traces as well as synthetic workloads was brought out in the preceding sections. We also looked at the performance consistency for these cases. Power users may also be interested in performance consistency under worst-case conditions, as well as drive power consumption. The latter is also important when used with battery powered devices such as notebooks and smartphones. Pricing is also an important aspect. We analyze each of these in detail below.

Worst-Case Performance Consistency

Flash-based storage devices tend to slow down in unpredictable ways when subject to a large number of small-sized random writes. Many benchmarks use that scheme to pre-condition devices prior to the actual testing in order to get a worst-case representative number. Fortunately, such workloads are uncommon for direct-attached storage devices, where workloads are largely sequential in nature. Use of SLC caching as well as firmware caps to prevent overheating may cause drop in write speeds when a flash-based DAS device is subject to sustained sequential writes.

Our Sequential Writes Performance Consistency Test configures the device as a raw physical disk (after deleting configured volumes). A fio workload is set up to write sequential data to the raw drive with a block size of 128K and iodepth of 32 to cover 90% of the drive capacity. The internal temperature is recorded (when supported by the drive) at either end of the workload, while the instantaneous write data rate and cumulative total write data amount are recorded at 1-second intervals.

Sequential Writes to 90% Capacity - Performance Consistency

Both drives start off around 1000 MBps in this workload, but move lower after running out of SLC cache. For the G-DRIVE SSD, this is after 30 seconds approximately (pointing to a SLC cache of around 29GB). In the ArmorLock case, the SLC cache sustains for around 5 additional seconds, with a SLC cache of around 35GB. The direct-to-TLC write numbers are around 875 MBps for the ArmorLock SSD and 690 MBps for the G-DRIVE SSD.

Power Consumption

Bus-powered devices can configure themselves to operate within the power delivery constraints of the host port. While Thunderbolt ports are guaranteed to supply up to 15W for client devices, USB 2.0 ports are guaranteed to deliver only 2.5W (500mA @ 5V). In this context, it is interesting to have a fine-grained look at the power consumption profile of the various external drives. Using the Plugable USBC-TKEY, the bus power consumption of the drives was tracked while processing the CrystalDiskMark workloads (separated by 5s intervals). The graphs below plot the instantaneous bus power consumption against time, while singling out the maximum and minimum power consumption numbers.

CrystalDiskMark Workloads - Power Consumption

The addition of a Bluetooth radio and a DRAM-enabled internal SSD make the ArmorLock SSD consume between 2.5W and 6.43W during the active period. In contrast, the G-DRIVE SSD lands between 2.25W and 5.17W. The ArmorLock also never went to a low-power mode in our test, with the minimum power number clocking in at 1.71W. On the other hand, the G-DRIVE SSD exited active power state (2.25W) to end up at 0.43W after around 20 minutes of idling.


The re-branding of G-Technology products with SanDisk Professional has created interesting pricing scenarios with some G-Technology SKUs still present in the retail channel. The SanDisk Professional G-DRIVE ArmorLock SSD is available in three capacities - 1TB ($200), 2TB ($400), and 4TB ($700). The G-Technology ArmorLock NVMe SSD (the same hardware as the SanDisk Professional version, with different packaging) is available only in one capacity - 2TB. At $350, one can save $50 for the same feature set.

The SanDisk Professional G-DRIVE SSD is available in three capacities - 500GB ($140), 1TB ($185), and 2TB ($297). The G-Technology equivalent (G-DRIVE mobile SSD) is based on a M.2 SATA SSD behind a USB 3.2 Gen 2 bridge, and is not an equivalent product for the new SanDisk Professional G-DRIVE SSD.

Final Words

Evaluating the G-DRIVE SSD and G-DRIVE ArmorLock SSD provided interesting insights into how portable SSDs can be tweaked for different use-cases. The G-DRIVE SSD caters to the average consumer in need for a rugged portable drive. Due to the DRAM-less nature of the internal drive, it is the more power efficient of the two while sacrificing very little in terms of performance for DAS workloads. On the other hand, the ArmorLock SSD with its Bluetooth radio and DRAM-equipped SSD consumes more power and delivers better performance for typical DAS usage in its target market. However, the performance advantage evaporates when subject to traditional SSD workloads such as PCMark 10's full system drive evaluation routine. The absence of S.M.A.R.T passthrough and TRIM support is still a concern - hopefully, WD will be able to address that in a future firmware update.

The ArmorLock SSD is still miles ahead of the competition in terms of performance and value - offering free features that are subscription-only from the competition. The open-sourcing of the protocol and the ability to provide app and firmware updates in the field ensure that the drive is protected against any weaknesses that might arise in the key-exchange process. The app itself is quite simple and intuitive to use, and the management features cater to different security requirements. The product is targeted towards content creators, studios, and business professionals, as well as IT managers in the finance, legal, healthcare, and government industries. The lack of FIPS certification may be a showstopper for some of the applications. However, significantly lower price for pretty much the same feature set as other FIPS-certified BT-enabled secure drives can make many in the target market happy.

The SanDisk Professional G-DRIVE SSD, on the other hand, gives very little cause for nit-picking. While performance may not be as good as, say, the SanDisk Extreme PRO USB 3.2 Gen 2 SSD (available for around $330), it more than makes up for it in terms of ruggedness, build quality, and thermal performance. Western Digital's lineup of portable SSDs under different brands shows that the company can offer highly specialized drives for different applications by tweaking firmware features as well as industrial design.

PCMark 10 Storage Bench - Real-World Access Traces
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  • Sivar - Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - link

    I have had a good experience with the 500GB model for Tesla Sentry Mode. It "just works", though is probably overkill.
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    It's been my almost daily visit for more than 10 years now.
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    Imagine not using an adblocker in 2021.
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    Imagine telling people to install an extension that will eats RAM as much as the browser itself in 2021.
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    I hear you on the videos.

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    I have periodically disabled ad blocking on Anandtech to better support a site I believe in.
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