Microsoft Announces Q3 FY 2016 Results: Lower Revenue But Strong Cloud Growthby Brett Howse on April 22, 2016 12:20 AM EST
Today Microsoft also announced their earnings for the third quarter of their 2016 fiscal year. Revenue, income and earnings were all down compared to Q3 2015, with revenue for the quarter of $20.5 billion, which is down 6%. Operating income was $5.3 billion, down 20%, and net income was $3.8 billion, which is down 25%. Earnings per share were $0.47, down 23% compared to a year ago.
|Microsoft Q3 2016 Financial Results (GAAP)|
|Revenue (in Billions USD)||$20.531||$23.796||$21.729|
|Operating Income (in Billions USD)||$5.283||$6.026||$6.594|
|Gross Margin (in Billions USD)||$12.809||$13.924||$14.568|
|Net Income (in Billions USD)||$3.759||$4.998||$4.985|
|Basic Earnings per Share (in USD)||$0.48||$0.63||$0.61|
Microsoft also reported non-GAAP earnings, which exclude revenue deferrals and the impact of restructuring charges. On a non-GAAP basis, revenue was $22.1 billion, which is up 2% year-over-year. Operating income was $6.8 billion, up 1%, and net income was $5.0 billion, down 3%. Earnings per share were $0.62, which was flat year over year. In addition to non-GAAP metrics, Microsoft also added constant currency results due to the high US dollar, and based on constant currency (CC), revenue was up 5%, operating income was up 10%, net income was up 6%, and earnings per share were up 10%.
Productivity and Business Processes, which includes Office commercial and consumer, and Office 365 commercial and consumer, as well as Dynamics products, had revenue for the quarter of $6.52 billion, which was up 1% year-over-year, or 6% based on CC. However, the gross margin for this segment fell 4%, and operating income came in at $2.99 billion, which was down 7%. Microsoft attributes the lower margins due to higher numbers of people using cloud services, which means, at least for the moment, the cloud offerings from Microsoft are making them less money than the non-subscription model, which is pretty interesting. I would guess that a lot of that is due to the large spending that is taking place to constantly expand infrastructure to handle new clients, but that is only a guess.
Looking at the numbers of Office though are very interesting. The consumer version of Office 365 increased from 12.4 million a year ago to 22.2 million this year. That is an increase in seats of 79% year-over-year, which is extremely good. A few years ago, I don’t think a subscription version of Office would have worked, but clearly Microsoft has found a solid hook for consumers with the packages. Even more impressive is the commercial seats for Office 365 business. Microsoft doesn’t often announce their user base for this, but on the earnings call, CEO Satya Nadella announced that they have over 70 million monthly active users for Office 365 commercial, and that is an increase in seats of 57% year-over-year. Also good news for Microsoft is that they have seen a 35% quarter-over-quarter growth in their premium protection services offered as part of the higher tiers of Office 365, and a key driver is the new premium tier, Office 365 Suite E5. Not to be outdone by Office, Dynamics CRM Online has seen its seats more than double year-over-year, and 80% of new CRM customers are choosing the cloud version.
Next up is the Intelligent Cloud segment, which includes server and server products, as well as cloud infrastructure such as Azure. Revenue for the quarter was $6.10 billion, which is up 3% year-over-year, or 8% in CC. Gross margin declined 2% (up 3% CC) year-over-year, and once again due to a higher mix of cloud services. The infrastructure expenditure here is a lot, and operating expenses grew 13% with investments in cloud infrastructure. With the lower margins and higher expenses, operating income fell 14% to $2.19 billion. Server products and cloud services had revenue growth of 5% CC, which is pretty stable, but it is Azure that is the big growth here. Azure revenue grew 120% CC this quarter, compared to the same time last year. Azure compute usage and Azure SQL usage more than doubled, and the Enterprise Mobility customer install base grew almost four times.
AWS is still the king of cloud computing, but Microsoft continues to make big gains here. They also are the only major cloud company to offer a hybrid offering, both with the traditional Windows Server elements, as well as the Azure Stack which can be run locally. At Build, they emphasised that are pushing towards more services in Azure as well, rather than having to have companies do the traditional VMs in the cloud. They still have a long way to go to catch AWS, but they continue to show this is a strength going forward.
The final segment of Microsoft is More Personal Computing, and this includes Windows, Surface, Xbox, phone, and search. Phone has certainly been a sore spot for Microsoft, and they took some big write-downs last year to basically write off the entire Nokia acquisition. For this quarter, revenue for this segment was $9.46 billion, which is up 1% year-over-year, or 3% CC. The increase in revenue this quarter was attributed to search and Surface, but lower phone and Windows revenue were a negative impact. Gross margin was 2% higher, once again due to search and Surface, and operating expenses fell 14% with the lower spending on phone. Operating income grew 57% for the quarter, to $1.65 billion. On a revenue basis, this is the largest single segment in Microsoft, but the margins for consumer are a lot lower than the enterprise services.
Windows 10 is now on over 270 million monthly active devices, but Windows OEM Pro declined 11% this quarter, which was worse than the commercial PC market. Revenue for non-Pro though grew 15%, which is quite a bit better than the PC market as a whole did, due to a bigger ratio of higher priced devices being sold. Windows volume licensing grew 6% CC.
On the devices side, revenue for devices fell 9% CC, and this is due to Lumia phone sales dropping off a cliff. Revenue for Lumia fell 46% year-over-year. This negative marred a great performance by the Surface line, and Surface had a 61% CC increase in revenue to $1.111 billion for the quarter, which is the second straight quarter where Surface was over $1 billion in revenue. Sales of the Surface Pro 4 and Surface Book are doing well.
Microsoft no longer breaks out sales numbers for Xbox, but gaming revenue grew 6% CC for the quarter. Microsoft is seeing an increase in Xbox Live transactional revenue, and they have a 26% increase in Xbox Live users compared to a year ago. Video game revenue was up 11% CC, and I would imagine a good chunk of that is still Minecraft. Xbox hardware revenue declined, with less sales of the Xbox 360 which is now officially out of production.
Search revenue, excluding traffic acquisition costs, grew 18% CC. Microsoft is getting more revenue per search, and search volume is also up. As a tidbit, they said that 35% of search revenue in the month of March was on Windows 10 devices.
|Microsoft Q3 2016 Financial Results (GAAP)|
|Productivity and Business Processes||Intelligent Cloud||More Personal Computing|
|Revenue (in Billions USD)||$6.52||$6.10||$9.46|
|Operating Income (in Billions USD)||$2.99||$2.19||$1.65|
|Revenue Change YoY||+1%, +6% CC||+3%, +8% CC||+1%, +3% CC|
|Operating Income Change YoY||-7%||-14%||+57%|
Microsoft paid $6.4 billion back to investors in Q3 2016, with $3.6 billion in share buybacks and $2.8 billion in dividends. Looking ahead to Q4, Microsoft expects revenues to be between $21.7 billion and $22.4 billion.
The company continues to move from a traditional software company to a cloud infrastructure player, and with the results today we can see some big gains there. It was great to get an updated number for Office 365 commercial seats, which are now at over 70 million monthly users, and the growth in Azure is very large. Microsoft missed the boat on mobile, but are making up for it with platform agnostic solutions, and they are looking heavily towards conversations-as-a-service with bot integration in Skype and more. The Surface lineup is now very strong, when only a few years ago it had to endure a massive write-down. Phones, on the other hand, were basically non-existent and the acquisition of Nokia seems to be all for naught.
Source; Microsoft Investor Relations