Throughout this year we’ve looked at several previews and technical demos of DirectX 12 technologies, both before and after the launch of Windows 10 in July. As the most significant update to the DirectX API since DirectX 10 in 2007, the release of DirectX 12 marks the beginning of a major overhaul of how developers will program for modern GPUs. So to say there’s quite a bit of interest in it – both from consumers and developers – would be an understatement.

In putting together the DirectX 12 specification, Microsoft and their partners planned for the long haul, present and future. DirectX 12 has a number of immediately useful features in it that has developers grinning from ear to ear, but at the same time given the fact that another transition like this will not happen for many years (if at all), DirectX 12 and the update to the underlying display driver foundation were meant to be very forward looking and to pack in as many advanced features as would be reasonable. Consequently the first retail games such as this quarter’s Fable Legends will just scratch the surface of what the API can do, as developers are still in the process of understanding the API and writing new engines around it, and GPU driver developers are similarly still hammering out their code and improving their DirectX 12 functionality.

Of everything that has been written about DirectX 12 so far, the bulk of the focus has been on the immediate benefits of the low-level nature of the API, and this is for a good reason. The greatly reduced driver overhead and better ability to spread out work submission over multiple CPU cores stands to be extremely useful for game developers, especially as the CPU submission bottleneck is among the greatest bottlenecks facing GPUs today. Even then, taking full advantage of this functionality will take some time as developers have become accustomed to minimizing the use of draw calls to work around the bottleneck, so it is safe to say that we are at the start of what is going to be a long transition for gamers and game developers.

A little farther out on the horizon than the driver overhead improvements are DirectX 12’s improvements to multi-GPU functionality. Traditionally the domain of drivers – developers have little control under DirectX 11 – DirectX 12’s explicit controls extend to multi-GPU rendering as well. It is now up to developers to decide if they want to use multiple GPUs and how they want to use them. And with explicit control over the GPUs along with the deep understanding that only a game’s developer can have for the layout of their rendering pipeline, DirectX 12 gives developers the freedom to do things that could never be done before.

That brings us to today’s article, an initial look into the multi-GPU capabilities of DirectX 12. Developer Oxide Games, who is responsible for the popular Star Swarm demo we looked at earlier this year, has taken the underlying Nitrous engine and are ramping up for the 2016 release of the first retail game using the engine, Ashes of the Singularity. As part of their ongoing efforts to Nitrous as a testbed for DirectX 12 technologies and in conjunction with last week’s Steam Early Access release of the game, Oxide has sent over a very special build of Ashes.

What makes this build so special is that it’s the first game demo for DirectX 12’s multi-GPU Explicit Multi-Adapter (AKA Multi Display Adapter) functionality. We’ll go into a bit more on Explicit Multi-Adapter in a bit, but in short it is one of DirectX 12’s two multi-GPU modes, and thanks to the explicit controls offered by the API, allows for disparate GPUs to be paired up. More than SLI and more than Crossfire, EMA allows for dissimilar GPUs to be used in conjunction with each other, and productively at that.

So in an article only fitting for the week of Halloween, today we will be combining NVIDIA GeForce and AMD Radeon cards into a single system – a single rendering setup – to see how well Oxide’s early implementation of the technology works. It may be unnatural and perhaps even a bit unholy, but there’s something undeniably awesome about watching a single game rendered by two dissimilar cards in this fashion.

A Brief History & DirectX 12


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  • ImSpartacus - Monday, October 26, 2015 - link

    Yeah, I expected it to be pretty bad in the first year or two. Really fascinating results. Reply
  • shing3232 - Monday, October 26, 2015 - link

    Yep I wonder how intel GPU would help for that matter Reply
  • Demon-Xanth - Monday, October 26, 2015 - link

    It's likely a deal as this hypothetical situation:
    You have four pizza cooks: Al, Arnie, Nate, and Nick.
    They all take 10 minutes to prep a pizza.
    Al and Arnie take 3 minutes to spread the dough, and 7 to put on the toppings.
    Nate and Nick take 7 minutes to spread the dough, but only 3 to put on the toppings.

    Al and Arnie together can make crank a pizza out every 5 minutes, Nate and Nick can do the same. But Al and Nick (in that order) can put them out in 3, while Nate and Artie take 7.

    So the order of stacking becomes important.
  • Torgog - Monday, October 26, 2015 - link

    Now I'm hungry. Reply
  • Manch - Monday, October 26, 2015 - link

    If Nate and Artie are making pizzas, what the hell happened to Arnie?! :D Reply
  • Mr Perfect - Monday, October 26, 2015 - link

    He ran to da choppa.

    Okay, that was bad...
  • AndrewJacksonZA - Tuesday, October 27, 2015 - link

    Lol, nice one! :-) Reply
  • yzzir - Monday, October 26, 2015 - link

    Based on your assumptions for Al and Nick and Nate and Arnie:
    Al takes 3 minutes to spread dough
    Arnie take 7 minutes to put on toppings
    Nate takes 7 minutes to spread dough
    Nick take 3 minutes to put on toppings

    It takes 7 minutes (after the initial 10 minutes for the first) for Al and Arnie to crank out a pizza, assuming Al continues spreading dough for the next pizza as soon as he finishes spreading dough for the previous pizza, so 3 minutes of work done by Al are hidden by arnies 7 minutes of work.

    It also take 7 minutes (after the initial 10 minutes for the first) Nate and Nick to crank out a pizza,
    assuming Nate continues spreading dough for the next pizza as soon as he finishes spreading dough for the previous pizza, 4 minutes of idle time are added to Nick's 3 minutes of work waiting on Nate to finish spreading pizza.
  • Gigaplex - Monday, October 26, 2015 - link

    I think the 5 minute figures comes from each person taking 10 minutes to do a compete pizza, but since they're getting 2 pizzas per 10 minutes, that's an average of 1 per 5 minutes. Reply
  • Ryan Smith - Monday, October 26, 2015 - link

    I love that analogy. However that only works if you use a more involved rendering mode than AFR, where the work within a single frame gets split up among multiple GPUs. With AFR it's more like all of the cooks have to complete pizzas on their own without any help from the other. Reply

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