Display

By now, it generally goes without saying that a high end smartphone needs to have an amazing display. However, defining what an amazing display is can often be quite difficult. We can all agree that a display should get as bright as possible and that black pixels should be as dark as possible, but some characteristics are often subject to personal biases. Something as simple as white point can divisive because some people prefer warmer colors, but others prefer a colder color balance. Color in general can be a subjective preference, as some prefer wide color gamuts and saturation compression to achieve a vivid look, but others prefer more muted and subtle colors.

However, despite subjective preference we have to all have a common standard for color rendition. After all, if pink on one screen looks like magenta on another, this could easily result in a number of problems when sharing content. Something as simple as taking a photo can be difficult with an inaccurate display, as white balance on a photo could easily appear to be incorrect for a scene even if it isn’t. As a result, in addition to judging simple characteristics such as brightness and contrast, we also test how well a display matches against the sRGB color standard with a gamma target of 2.2. In order to do this, we use our usual test suite which includes X-Rite’s i1Pro2 for accurate color and brightness measurements, along with X-Rite’s i1Display Pro for accurate contrast measurements. In order to fully utilize this hardware, we use SpectraCal’s CalMAN 5 Ultimate with a custom workflow for mobile devices.

Display - Max Brightness

Display - Black Levels

Display - Contrast Ratio

Our first test is focused on some of the basic aspects of the display, namely brightness and contrast. In this regard, the M9 seems to effectively identical to the M8. Both have some level of content-adaptive backlight control, which means that static contrast is lower than the value that we’ve tested it for.

Outside of this basic test, I noticed that the display has worse viewing angles than the M7 and M8. Although the off-angle glow isn’t visibly different when shifting the display along the horizontal and vertical axes, anything in between dramatically decreases contrast as seen in the photos below. It’s likely that this is related to the polarizers used, as the IPS glow effect is strongly angle-dependent. In practice, this really does reduce the effective contrast of the display. The brightness of the display could be higher, but it’s likely that at this point it makes more sense to target lower reflectance with improved coatings rather than driving brightness.

Display - Grayscale Accuracy

Display - White Point

Moving on to grayscale calibration, we can see a dramatic reduction in accuracy when compared to the M7 and M8. Although gamma is generally correct, the white balance ends up far too green and blue. The next most notable issue seems to be related to CABC, as there’s a dramatic increase to gamma from 70% to 100% white. In practice, everything looks excessively cold and with a strange green tint to a lot of content, which really hurts the viewing experience. In order to get an idea for whether this is just a single point or a general trend, we can look at the saturation test which introduces multiple colors.

Display - Saturation Accuracy

Display - Gamut Accuracy

As we can see, in the saturation test this excess of green and blue in colors is not an isolated case of white balance. Colors like magenta are significantly skewed towards blue, yellow tends to skew towards green, and colors like blue and green have noticeable saturation compression. As a result, the color accuracy will be noticeably different from a monitor that follows the sRGB standard. The only positive aspect of this color calibration is that HTC has managed to constrain the gamut of the display to sRGB, unlike the M8 which noticeably exceeded sRGB.

Display - GMB Accuracy

In the Gretag MacBeth ColorChecker, we can get a holistic view of color accuracy within the sRGB space which tests hue, saturation, and gamma to see display calibration as a whole. Somewhat predictably, the M9 also falls short in this scenario. Given how significant the deviations are, it would be difficult to use the M9 in any case where color accuracy is needed.

Overall, the display of the M9 is disappointing. At some point, it was clear that HTC was integrating some of the best mobile displays possible into smartphones, but starting with the M8 it seems that we’ve seen HTC slip in this area. The M9 continues this trend, which is somewhat concerning as the display of a slate smartphone tends to be a critical part of the experience. Some may be eager to point to AMOLED as an alternative, but the problem is that HTC has failed to integrate a high quality LCD into the M9. In the near future though it seems that it may make sense for HTC to move to AMOLED. However, it’s unlikely that such a move would result in any reduction of bezel size as all current displays require a display driver that must be placed directly next to the display.

HTC’s Last Minute Software Update, Battery Life, & Charge Time System Performance: Snapdragon 810
POST A COMMENT

132 Comments

View All Comments

  • Laststop311 - Monday, March 23, 2015 - link

    This actually might be the worst successor in a phone line ever made since smartphones became a thing. Someone is getting fired at HTC when they post record lows in profits. Reply
  • lilmoe - Monday, March 23, 2015 - link

    Someone is already (sort of) fired... Reply
  • kron123456789 - Monday, March 23, 2015 - link

    Snapdragon 810 is a disappointment. I think it's less efficient than even Tegra K1 Denver(which is 28nm, btw). Reply
  • DeciusStrabo - Monday, March 23, 2015 - link

    You think? The K1 draws up to 5 Watts of power. The 810 does less than 2 (for the complete phone). Reply
  • kron123456789 - Monday, March 23, 2015 - link

    Yeah, right, 2W. Under significant throttling and 1GHz frequency. 2W chip cant produce that much heat.
    And btw, where did you get the information about 2W?
    Reply
  • lucam - Monday, March 23, 2015 - link

    I saw the 810 present on new Sony Tablet experia. It doesnt have the same problem of this one due less thermal constrain, but the performance are far away from the K1 or A8X, with huge disappointment. Reply
  • testbug00 - Monday, March 23, 2015 - link

    Um. One, you're K1 numbers are WAY OFF, For either version. A15 cores draw ~3.5W @ 1.9Ghz. Over 4W at 2.3Ghz.
    The 1 SMX Kepler GPU and uncore draws far over 1 Watt. A lot more.

    The K1 is a 10W power usage part at best. The 810 isn't much higher... Which seems bad, until you realized the A57 cores draw over 50% more power.
    Reply
  • Gunbuster - Monday, March 23, 2015 - link

    I wonder how this is going to play out with Microsoft who is locked in to Qualcomm for SOC's?

    They have the luxury of (some) time as the new premium handsets are waiting for Windows 10.
    Will they release late with this same crap underclocked 810 like the M9?
    Will they switch to another SOC?
    Will Qualcomm fix the 810?
    Reply
  • testbug00 - Monday, March 23, 2015 - link

    Given Windows 10 for phones has a lot of CPUs from multiple companies supported, what's the problem?

    Also, what's broken with the 810? It behaves exactly like one would expect a 10-15W SoC to in a phone...
    Reply
  • Gunbuster - Tuesday, March 24, 2015 - link

    Would love to see a document that supports that claim. Reply

Log in

Don't have an account? Sign up now