As part of the CES cavalcade of announcements, after launching Core-M back in September, Intel is formally releasing their next element of the 14 nanometer story: Broadwell-U. As the iterative naming over Haswell-U suggests, Broadwell-U will focus on dual-core 15W and 28W units from Celeron to Core i7 using 12 to 48 ­execution units for the integrated graphics. A Broadwell-U processor should drop into any existing Haswell-U equivalent design (i3 to i3) due to pin and architecture compatibility, albeit with a firmware update.

As with any node change, the reduction to 14nm affords the usual benefits: more transistors per unit area, lower power consumption for a given design, or the potential to increase performance. Ryan covered the details of Intel’s 14nm architecture back as part of the IDF launch, as well as a good deal of the Broadwell architecture itself. The launch today is in essence a specification list with a few extra details, along with potential release dates for Broadwell-U products. The CPUs are already shipping to partners for their designs.

There will be several combinations possible throughout the Broadwell line, but the most important distinctions are:

28W with GT3, Iris 6100 Graphics (48 Execution Units)
15W with GT3, HD 6000 Graphics (48 Execution Units)
15W with GT2, HD 5500 Graphics (23 Execution Units for low i3, 24 for others)
15W with GT1, HD (Broadwell) Graphics (12 Execution Units)

The graphics move up to Generation 8, and a lot of architectural detail into this was given by Intel and IDF San Francisco in September 2014 of which some of the important points are highlighted here.

The New SKUs

Without further delay, the list of the new processors is as follows:

CPU Cores Base Freq (GHz) 1C (GHz) 2C (Ghz) EUs GPU Base /
Max Freq (GHz)
LPDDR3
/ DDR3 Support (MHz)
L3 Cache cTDP Down vPro 1K $
Intel Broadwell-U
28W + Iris 6100 Graphics
Core i7-5557U 2 / 4 3.1 3.4 3.4 48 300/1100 1866/1600 4MB 23W No $426
Core i5-5287U 2 / 4 2.9 3.3 3.3 48 300/1100 1866/1600 3MB 23W No $315
Core i5-5257U 2 / 4 2.7 3.1 3.1 48 300/1050 1866/1600 3MB 23W No $315
Core i3-5157U 2 / 4 2.5 2.5 2.5 48 300/1000 1866/1600 3MB 23W No $315
Intel Broadwell-U
15W + HD 6000 Graphics
Core i7-5650U 2 / 4 2.2 3.2 3.1 48 300/1000 1866/1600 4MB 9.5W Yes $426
Core i7-5550U 2 / 4 2.0 3.0 2.9 48 300/1000 1866/1600 4MB 9.5W No $426
Core i5-5350U 2 / 4 1.8 2.9 2.7 48 300/1000 1866/1600 3MB 9.5W Yes $315
Core i5-5250U 2 / 4 1.6 2.7 2.5 48 300/950 1866/1600 3MB 9.5W No $315
Intel Broadwell-U
15W + HD 5500 Graphics
Core i7-5600U 2 / 4 2.6 3.2 3.1 24 300/950 1600/1600 4MB 7.5W Yes $393
Core i7-5500U 2 / 4 2.4 3.0 2.9 24 300/950 1600/1600 4MB 7.5W No $393
Core i5-5300U 2 / 4 2.3 2.9 2.7 24 300/900 1600/1600 3MB 7.5W Yes $281
Core i5-5200U 2 / 4 2.2 2.7 2.5 24 300/900 1600/1600 3MB 7.5W No $281
Core i3-5010U 2 / 4 2.1 2.1 2.1 23 300/900 1600/1600 3MB 10W No $281
Core i3-5005U 2 / 4 2.0 2.0 2.0 23 300/850 1600/1600 3MB 10W No $275
Intel Broadwell-U
15W + HD (Broadwell)
Pentium 3805U 2 / 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 12 100/800 1600/1600 2MB 10W No $161
Celeron 3755U 2 / 2 1.7 1.7 1.7 12 100/800 1600/1600 2MB 10W No $107
Celeron 3205U 2 / 2 1.5 1.5 1.5 12 100/800 1600/1600 2MB 10W No $107

There are some clear patterns in the product line. Every unit apart from the Pentium and Celerons has hyperthreading, putting most of the line in a dual core, quad thread scenario. This also ties in with the Pentium and Celeron’s use of HD (Broadwell) graphics, which is a 24 EU design with half of each subslice disabled. The speeds of the Pentium and Celerons are also cut back, despite the 15W TDP and high cTDP down, ensuring that these are the bargain basement units of the line.

vPro will only be enabled on i7-56x0U and i5-53x0U series, giving a range if HD 6000 or HD 5500 is needed, however there is no vPro Iris 6100 part being released. The HD 5500 parts will have a cTDP Down of half their original TDP, allowing 7.5W designs to also take advantage of Broadwell-U.

The Core i3 15W SKUs have an odd combination involving 23 EUs rather than the 24 EUs that the die is designed with, presumably in order to keep yields higher it gives Intel a chance to still sell those with a single defect. This produces a lop-sided EU design within the configuration, which has its own implications, and we are requesting more detail from Intel as to how this is managed in the firmware.

A positive point for 6x00 series graphics SKUs is the memory compatibility on LPDDR3, with these units (having an 5 or an 8 in the 00x0 name) allowing 1866 MHz memory. As our previous Haswell desktop memory testing has shown a small bump away from 1600 MHz DRAM can give a good performance boost when it comes to graphics, especially when the memory speed between CPU and DRAM is the main bottleneck. I would be interested in exploring the difference with this for sure.

It might come across as somewhat surprising that a 15W CPU like the i7-5650U has a 2.2 GHz base frequency but then a 3.2 GHz to 3.1 GHz operating window, and yet the i7-5557U has a 3.1 GHz base with 3.4 GHz operating for almost double the TDP. Apart from the slight increase in CPU and GPU frequency, it is hard to account for such a jump without point at the i7-5650U and saying that ultimately it is the more efficient bin of the CPUs. So while the 28W models will get the glory in terms of performance, there are a number of models that can offer just under that performance but for just over half the power rating. This obviously levels battery life for the more efficient design as a significant jump, depending on how the system as a whole is used.

The Dies and Packaging

Broadwell-U will be derived from two main dies. The larger design contains the full 48 EU (two common slices with 6x8 EU sub-slices all in) configuration for 1.9 billion transistors in 133 mm2, while the 24 EU design (one common slice, 3x8 sub-slices) will measure 1.3 billion transistors in 82 mm2.

This puts the size of one common slice  with 3x8 sub-slices at 600 million transistors / 49 mm2, and thus the die without the graphics subsystem at all at 700 million transistors for 33 mm2. This would mean the cores, the Last Level Cache, the IO and memory controller all fit into the 700 million.

Compared to Haswell-U, Intel provided the following data:

Broadwell-U with HD 5500 (24 EU) has 240M more transistors than Haswell-U with HD 4400 (20 EU)
Broadwell-U with HD 6000 (48 EU) has 600M more transistors than Haswell-U with HD 5000 (40 EU)

Unfortunately calculating the increases for separate parts is a little more difficult than just comparing numbers due to the different elements of the new graphics, known as Intel Gen 8.

In terms of the packaging for the dies, we also have some shots of those to share:

On the left is the 2+2 configuration, giving two cores and GT2 (24 EUs), while on the right is the 2+3 package. The silicon on top is the Platform Controller Hub, discussed later.

Broadwell GPU Improvements
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  • kpb321 - Monday, January 5, 2015 - link

    We will have to wait and see. There might be more of a performance difference for Haswell than in the past because they decreased the # of EU's per slice from 10 down to 8 and increased the cache size. That should mean a lot more cache available per EU which should help keep it from being as bandwidth limited as in the past. It will probably still be bandwidth limited but hopefully just not as much making the GT3 version without eDRAM more reasonable.

    With that said integrated GPUs will always be behind dedicated GPUs in performance because graphics is so parallel that is scales easily with more units but those additional units mean higher power and bandwidth requirements. That's why you see high end GPUs using 200+ watts and very wide/fast memory interfaces both of which are much higher than can be reasonable handled in integrated GPU setting.
    Reply
  • III-V - Monday, January 5, 2015 - link

    Gen8 actually makes a lot of changes that reduce its reliance on external memory. Take a look at the bit on caches in this article. It'll still be constrained by bandwidth, but not as much as you seem to be expecting. Reply
  • texasti89 - Monday, January 5, 2015 - link

    It is nice to see audio DSP element is integrated into the PCH. I hope to see more and more integration in the near future. The power charts show clearly that display panel still has the major contribution in the overall platform power consumption. I think Intel and other SoC players have reached the point where SoCs can no longer provide pronounced improvements in overall power saving given demand for higher display resolution. Igzo display technology can cut the display power by at least half which will give further opportunity for SoC designers to effectively improve efficiency. Reply
  • thunderising - Monday, January 5, 2015 - link

    So, the fastest Intel Core i7, which costs a lot of $$, and spends nearly 70% of its die space on graphics, produces 844.8 GFlops.

    Whereas, NVIDIA's Tegra X1 outputs 1024 TFlops.

    *Claps*
    Reply
  • Pork@III - Monday, January 5, 2015 - link

    NVIDIA's Tegra X1 outputs 1024 TFlops

    >(in FP16)< But we already live in 2015 and work with FP32 and FP64 mostly
    Reply
  • TiGr1982 - Monday, January 5, 2015 - link

    Talking FP64, Tegra X1 may not even have it at all, or, at best, I suppose, it may have it at the same ratio, as GM204, which is just 1/32. So, I bet, FP64 capability does not really apply seriously to Tegra X1. FP16 and FP32 to be used there. Reply
  • III-V - Monday, January 5, 2015 - link

    I'm sure it'll have some FP64 support... Probably at 1/32, 1/48, or 1/64 rate. It'd be ludicrous for it to not support it at all. Reply
  • TiGr1982 - Monday, January 5, 2015 - link

    I suppose, FP64 can be at 1/32, like I said, is the case for GM204. But that's not a lot, certainly. Reply
  • TiGr1982 - Monday, January 5, 2015 - link

    X1 gives this flops for FP16 (half precision). Don't be fooled by usual nV marketing and compare "apples to apples".
    However, this is not to say that this Broadwell-U is very impressive. To me, it looks just as one more evolutionary step over Haswell-U. Nothing special, I would say. Still dual core x86, as a lot of people complain here - for some reason Intel strongly believes quad core is not need in -U segment. Instead, they beef up only the GPU, which may be bottle-necked anyway by DDR3 just as in AMD Kaveri case.
    And all of these Broadwell-U i5 and i7 are offered for big $$$, as usual in Intel's case. Somewhat disappointing - I agree with some other posters in this thread.
    Reply
  • DigitalFreak - Monday, January 5, 2015 - link

    It is a node shrink, so you shouldn't expect anything major over Haswell. Now if Skylake doesn't bring the goods, then they'll have an issue. Reply

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