The Haswell Refresh Processors

As a species that thrives on getting things done quicker or cheaper, a processor refresh should be welcomed. For the refresh, Intel is launching a total of 42 new SKUs, 24 of which are desktop but not all of them will make it into the land of retail. Prices for batches of a thousand will range from $42 to $303 on the desktop and $75 to $434 in mobile. Cutting to the chase, the new desktop SKUs are:

Intel Haswell Refresh CPU List (Desktop)
New SKU Cores  Base Turbo L3 Cache IGP TDP / W Intel
List
Price
Celeron G1840 2 / 2 2800 - 2 MB HD (Haswell) 53 $42
Celeron G1840T 2 / 2 2500 - 2 MB HD (Haswell) 35 $42
Celeron G1850 2 / 2 2900 - 2 MB HD (Haswell) 53 $52
Pentium G3240 2 / 2 3100 - 3 MB HD (Haswell) 53 $64
Pentium G3240T 2 / 2 2700 - 3 MB HD (Haswell) 35 $64
Pentium G3440 2 / 2 3300 - 3 MB HD (Haswell) 53 $75
Pentium G3440T 2 / 2 2800 - 3 MB HD (Haswell) 35 $75
Pentium G3450 2 / 2 3400 - 3 MB HD (Haswell) 53 $86
Core i3-4150 2 / 4 3500 - 3 MB HD 4400 54 $117
Core i3-4150T 2 / 4 3000 - 3 MB HD 4400 35 $117
Core i3-4350 2 / 4 3600 - 4 MB HD 4600 54 $138
Core i3-4350T 2 / 4 3100 - 4 MB HD 4600 35 $138
Core i3-4360 2 / 4 3700 - 4 MB HD 4600 54 $149
Core i5-4460 4 / 4 3200 3400 6 MB HD 4600 84 $182
Core i5-4460S 4 / 4 2900 - 6 MB HD 4600 65 $182
Core i5-4590 4 / 4 3300 3700 6 MB HD 4600 84 $192
Core i5-4590S 4 / 4 3000 3700 6 MB HD 4600 65 $192
Core i5-4590T 4 / 4 2000 - 6 MB HD 4600 35 $192
Core i5-4690 4 / 4 3500 3900 6 MB HD 4600 84 $213
Core i5-4690S 4 / 4 3200 3900 6 MB HD 4600 65 $213
Core i5-4690T 4 / 4 2500 - 6 MB HD 4600 45 $213
Core i7-4785T 4 / 8 2200 - 8 MB HD 4600 35 $303
Core i7-4790 4 / 8 3600 4000 8 MB HD 4600 84 $303
Core i7-4790S 4 / 8 3200 4000 8 MB HD 4600 65 $303
Core i7-4790T 4 / 8 2700 - 8 MB HD 4600 45 $303

Every new desktop processor is a 100-200 MHz upgrade from the one named xx2x lower but at the same price point. Back when the initial processor price lists were announced, I made different comparisons from Celeron to i7 depending on what was relevant. For example, in the Celeron category:

Haswell Celeron
  Celeron G1840
2.8 GHz 
(New)
Celeron G1830
2.8 GHz 
(Current)
CPU Speed 2.8 GHz 2.8 GHz
Cores 2 2
Threads 2 2
L2 Cache 512 KB 512 KB
L3 Cache 2048 KB 2048 KB
IGP HD (Haswell) HD (Haswell)
IGP Frequency ? 1050
TDP 53W 53W
Price at Launch $42 $52

Here we already have a Celeron processor with the exact same speed as one of the Haswell Refresh SKUs, but because it has been on the market for longer it is actually cheaper while providing the same specifications.

At the top end i7, the i7-4790 should actually be a replacement for the i7-4771 which was released in September 2013:

Haswell Core i7
  Core i7-4790
(New)
Core i7-4771
(Current)
CPU Speed 3600 MHz / 4000 MHz 3500 MHz / 3900 MHz
Cores 4 4
Threads 8 8
L2 Cache 1024 KB 1024 KB
L3 Cache 8192 KB 8192 KB
IGP HD 4600 HD 4600
IGP Frequency 350 / 1200 MHz 350 MHz / 1200 MHz
TDP 84W 84W
Price at Launch $303 $314 (OEM) / $320 (box)

By releasing new mainstream processors into the desktop market, as well as the 9-series chipsets, Intel has afforded the system integrators another chance to sell newer systems and not to stagnate with older models.

For most of the performance enthusiasts reading this review, the question you might well be asking yourself relates to the Haswell Refresh overclockable CPU. At this point in time it is clear that the i5-4670K and i7-4770K models do not have refresh counterparts, both of which are also more marketable to system integrators as well as desired by home users. There is a simple explanation to this.

Nothing fundamentally changes with these refresh processors. It is the same design underneath. Now that Intel has been making Haswell wafers, the process is slightly more efficient over time (ironing out production) and the processor bins can all be shifted. If Intel were to release new overclockable CPUs that were a simple speed bump but ultimately had no performance gain of the current overclocking CPUs, there might be a backlash. 

To that end, Intel is going to release ‘Devil’s Canyon’ in due course. Devil’s Canyon has no official SKU name yet (i7-4970K or i7-4770X are my best guesses) but it was announced back in March as having an improved package and better thermal interface material. It will probably be the same silicon underneath as the i7-4770K due to the nature of the refresh, perhaps with a small design tweak that does not require new masks. We will review the new overclocking processor when we receive a sample from Intel, hopefully under something suitably extreme.

Today’s Review: The Intel Core i7-4790, i5-4690 and i3-4360

Back when Haswell was launched, we had only the chance to test the top line overclocking processor, the i7-4770K. This time around I was thankful to get the opportunity to expand our testing to the i5 and i3 segments of the processor line to find where they each stand in terms of performance. For comparison points we have the i7-4770K from our launch review, an i7-4765T from our ASRock M8 review, and an i3-4330 we picked up along the way.

The Intel Haswell Refresh Review
  Core i7-4790
(New)
Core i7-4770K Core i7-4765T Core i5-4690
(New)
Core i3-4360
(New)
Core i3-4330
Price $303 $340 $303 $225 $149 $140
Launch 5/2014 6/2013 6/2013 5/2014 5/2014 9/2013
Cores / Threads 4/8 4/8 4/8 4/4 2/4 2/4
Base
Frequency
3600 3500 2000 3500 3700 3500
Turbo
Frequency
4000 3900 3000 3900 - -
IGP HD 4600 HD 4600 HD 4600 HD 4600 HD 4600 HD 4600
IGP
Frequency
350 350 350 350 600 350
IGP Turbo 1200 1250 1200 1200 1150 1150
L3 Cache 8 MB 8 MB 8 MB 6 MB 4 MB 4 MB
TDP 84 W 84 W 35 W 84 W 54 W 54 W

Assuming all goes as planned, the small increases in frequency should provide a ~3% increase in benchmarks compared to the older Haswell processors.

Multi-Core Enhancement Isn’t Much Of An Issue

CPU benchmarking can be a bit of a nightmare in the current climate, especially on Intel platforms where turbo modes are possible. Back in 2012 I wrote an extensive news piece about Multi-Core Enhancement titled ‘The Debate About Free MHz’, wherein it is not actually Intel that set the CPU frequency for the processors but the motherboard. Where Intel might have a 3500 MHz base frequency and a 3900 MHz turbo frequency, a motherboard can detect that setting and override it for 3900 MHz on all cores by default. One motherboard went as far as increasing the multiplier +1 over the Intel specifications. The upshot of this is in multi-threaded performance benchmarks, where due to the extra frequency the final result is higher than Intel specifications. MultiCore Enhancement also means that the same CPU in different motherboards will give different results out of the box.

Most motherboard manufacturers that use this tactic (MSI, ASRock, GIGABYTE and ASUS all have this feature), as far as I can tell, limit the option to overclockable SKUs, and it is only implemented when XMP is implemented.

On top of this, Windows can also be a culprit. In different power modes, users can specify the percentage of maximum CPU frequency depending on what power mode is in play. This relates more to portable devices, but it is configurable with desktop systems as well.

For our review, as we only have one overclockable CPU in the test, we can adjust appropriately. For our testing we actually run SYSMark 2014 as our first benchmark, as the install prefers a fresh OS image to work with. This generates a consistent power profile which we maintain for the rest of the benchmarks. Had we run SYSMark mid-way through our testing period, it may have ended up with variable results, so we aim to keep our environment consistent and maintainable.

Test Setup

We would like to thank the following companies for providing test-bed support:

Thank you to OCZ for providing us with PSUs and SSDs.
Thank you to G.Skill and ADATA for providing us with memory kits.
Thank you to Corsair for providing us with an PSU,  CLC and memory.
Thank you to ASUS for providing us with the AMD HD7970 GPUs and some IO Testing kit.
Thank you to MSI for providing us with the NVIDIA GTX 770 Lightning GPUs.
Thank you to Rosewill for providing us with keyboards.
Thank you to ASRock for providing us with the 802.11ac wireless router for testing and other components.

Test Setup
Processor Intel Core i7-4790 ES (4C/8T, 3.6 GHz to 4.0 GHz)
Intel Core i5-4690 ES (4C/4T, 3.5 GHz to 3.9 GHz)
Intel Core i3-4360 ES (2C/4T, 3.7 GHz)
Motherboards ASRock Z97 Extreme6
ASUS Z97-Deluxe
Cooling Corsair H80i
Thermalright TRUE Copper
Power Supply OCZ 1250W Gold ZX Series
Corsair AX1200i Platinum PSU
Memory G.Skill RipjawsZ 4x4 GB DDR3-1866 8-9-9 Kit
ADATA XPG 2x8 GB DDR3L-1600 9-11-9 Kit
Memory Settings 1600 9-11-9-27 1T tRFC 240
Video Cards MSI GTX 770 Lightning 2GB (1150/1202 Boost)
ASUS HD7970 3GB (Reference)
Video Drivers Catalyst 13.12 WHQL
NVIDIA Drivers 335.23 WHQL
Hard Drive OCZ Vertex 3 256GB
Optical Drive LG GH22NS50
Case Open Test Bed
Operating System Windows 7 64-bit SP1

Following recent reviews, we have added several new benchmarks to our testing, including SYSMark and Unity-based testing methodology. At present we have only tested a few CPUs on these new benchmarks.

Power Consumption

For our power consumption tests, we take the system as a whole with a GTX 770 installed and test at idle, long idle (monitor turned off by the OS) and OCCT (artificial CPU load).  We use the same PSU to keep efficiency on the same scale, although some of the data points are sub-20% efficienct for our power supply.  This means that arbitrarily the qualitative comparison is more important than the quantitative comparison.  Also of note is the Z97 motherboard we used for these tests implements an Adaptive voltage profile, meaning that artificial loads such as OCCT push the voltage higher than normal, increasing power consumption at load. Nevertheless the order of the results indicates a pattern from low power to high power.

Power Consumption - Long Idle  (GTX 770 Installed)

Power Consumption - Idle (GTX 770 Installed)

Power Consumption - OCCT  (GTX 770 Installed)

As expected, the 84W i7-4790 requires the most power, similar to the i7-4770K and i5-4690 that are also 84W.

 

Intel Core i7-4790, i5-4690 and i3-4360 Tested CPU Performance: Real World Benchmarks
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  • rajod1 - Friday, May 30, 2014 - link

    Well said, yes I agree many gamers or OCing people have sort of a sickness. They are addicted to hardware. They can't help it, like a moth to a flame. They will deny it but its true. Reply
  • klmccaughey - Sunday, May 11, 2014 - link

    Ian, I am still confused by your description of SATA express/M.2/PCIe based SATA. Any chance of an article or comment on this? I am lost as to what to buy as I don't know now what fits what. I thought SATA express was PCIe SATA? I don't want to buy the wrong board or SSD. Reply
  • Galatian - Sunday, May 11, 2014 - link

    M.2 is simply just a different connector type of SATA Express designed for Notebooks and SFF builts. Intel only states M.2 support on the 97 chipset, but it looks like most motherboard manufactures are releasing boards with SATA Express connectors as well.
    When you shop for a new SSD (and there is really isn't anything on the consumer market right now) you need to look at what your motherboard has: does it have an M.2 connector, SATA Express or both? Then buy accordingly, while minding that M.2 SSDs come in different physical sizes and you need to check if the fit into the slot. Drives using the "normal" SATA Express connector will probably come in the standard 2,5" format.

    Also note that - as Ian stated - the current M.2 and SATA Express implementation is already pretty much outdated since all (except ASRock on the Extreme 6 series) motherboards only expose 2 PCIe 2.0 lanes, which limits the bandwidth to 10 Gbit/s. The Samsung XD941 M.2 for example is already bandwidth constrained on that setup.

    On that note you might also want to check how the SSD is talked to. For example the Samsung XD941 still uses the AHCI protocol. SATA Express is capable of NVMe and there is no consumer SSD out yet with support for that.
    Reply
  • Laststop311 - Monday, May 12, 2014 - link

    It's going to be awhile before we reach the limit. The fastest sata express implementation is pcie 3.0 x4 giving almost 32gbit/sec bandwidth + NVMe needs implemented. Then it will be maxed until pci-e 4.0 is out and it's updated for that. And the cycle continues infinitely.... Reply
  • klmccaughey - Monday, May 12, 2014 - link

    Fuck it - that's far too complicated. I am just going to wait until broadwell when they can agree on a standard. This is like betamax all over again. Reply
  • kwrzesien - Monday, May 12, 2014 - link

    +1, I think you've nailed it on the head. I don't every see myself buying or recommending a SATA Express drive - the connector is dog. M.2 has potential but can't they even come up with a size standard? I mean hello, something like t-shirts? S, M, L? The things could be any length an who knows what each board will support. Reply
  • kwrzesien - Thursday, May 15, 2014 - link

    Further research down the rabbit hole: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M.2

    After learning all about M.2 and seeing what is listed on NewEgg for the drives and motherboards I think we are in for a rough ride, nobody is listing all the the features that you need to decide whether two parts are compatible:

    1) There are different keys in the connectors in both the cards and slot (B, M primarily but A through M are options). Both B and M support SATA, while B is also used for PCIe x2 and M is used for PCIe x4.

    2. The cards are different lengths but these are standardized into 16, 26, 30, 38, 42, 60, 80 and 110 mm possibilities, with current Z97 desktop motherboards commonly supporting 42, 60 and 80. 80 seems to be the best option for fast and large SSDs, 42 will be mostly for tablets and ultrabooks.

    3. There are different width standards 12, 16, 22 and 30 mm but so far everything seems to be 22 mm.

    You would then call a 22x80 card a 2280.

    4. There are different thickness standards, either single-sided or double-sided of 1.20, 1.35 or 1.50 mm. The connector on the board must support the proper thickness and SS or DS. Codes are S1-3 and D1-5 for single and double-sided at different thicknesses.

    A 22x80 double-sided 1.35 thick card with an M key would be called 2280-D2-M.

    5. SSD cards can use the SATA interface or SATA Express/NVMe (direct PCIe connection, less overhead). Currently all cards (Intel 530, Micron 550) seem to be SATA. Performance should be similar to SATA 6Gbps 2.5" drives so this form factor is really about convenience at this point not performance.

    6. On the specs page at Newegg for the ASUS Maximus VII Gene Z97 (http://www.newegg.com/Product/Product.aspx?Item=N8... board you get this for M.2: 1 x M.2 Socket 3 with M Key. Looking at the physical board layout it supports 2260 and 2280 size cards and includes one fastening screw that can be moved to either position. I don't know how the "Socket 3" translates into single-side and double-side thickness codes.

    7. On the specs page for the Micron M550 512GB M.2 SSD (http://www.newegg.com/Product/Product.aspx?Item=N8... you get Form Factor: M.2 Type 2280 and Interface: SATA 6Gb/s.

    Now it is possible that the motherboard only supports SATA Express/NVMe devices on the M.2 slot while the Micron and other available SSD's are only SATA and may not work. Since the English version of the motherboard manual is not available yet it is hard to say.
    Reply
  • Daniel Egger - Sunday, May 11, 2014 - link

    Are you sure the Core i5-4460S doesn't have Turbo? Because all others and the predecessor do. Unfortunately Intel ARK doesn't list that one yet. Reply
  • bharatwd - Sunday, May 11, 2014 - link

    Guys, when do you think the 4690K will release...Im planning to upgrade but i can wait a quarter as compared to the purchase of the 4690 Reply
  • DanNeely - Sunday, May 11, 2014 - link

    The most popular date in the internet rumor mill is Jun 2.... Reply

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