The upcoming launch of the Intel P55 and associated S1156 based processors is starting to resemble the buildup we noticed before the P965/Core 2 launch. We are already swamped with weekly press releases touting specifications and feature information from all of the P55 launch partners. In fact, revisions are occurring on an almost daily basis as each manufacturer tweaks their final product designs in hopes of capturing your hard earned dollars.

While aesthetics, features, and colors are an integral part of the motherboard design, ultimately how well it performs is based on the quality of components and BIOS design. We also happen to rate warranty and customer support at the top of this list but eventually it always comes back to performance or price for most users.

When it comes to performance, Gigabyte is usually a name that always comes up in the course of a conversation when discussing motherboards. They typically have extremely solid products and occasionally will hit one of those grand slam home runs with a product like the GA-EP45-UD3P, a board that offers the right blend of features, performance, support, price, and character.

The reason we bring this up is that the GA-P55-UD6 is already invoking the same feelings for us. Well, all except price as this will be Gigabyte's premium P55 offering. However, this board offers a lot for the money and is certainly targeting the enthusiast. Obviously, we cannot discuss performance yet, but the i5 is going to surprise a lot people, especially those buying into the lower end i7 market.

Even without the Gigabyte name plate on the P55 heatsink, taking one look at the layout and color scheme of this board instantly identifies its heritage. In fact, this design has not changed since we first looked at it during Computex this year. Gigabyte tossed the kitchen sink at this board and it stuck, but somehow it all works together without appearing to be too busy. We are not big fans of the floppy drive port and even IDE is starting to irritate us on the enthusiast boards, although one justification for IDE comes from the extreme overclocking community. In the quest to push PCIe speeds as far as possible the user can end up with some nasty SATA hard drive crashes that usually corrupt the operating system. So it turns out that an IDE drive can still be an overclockers best friend in certain situations.

Hello 24-phase VRM technology. As with the space race and horsepower wars a few decades ago, we are now officially witnessing a Phase race in the motherboard industry. Does a greater number of phases actually improve clocking or temperatures, not necessarily, in fact, it can do just the opposite if designed poorly. The good news is that Gigabyte appears at first glance to have done their homework in this area. Exactly what the true advantages of this design compared to the 8-phase or 12-phase setups utilized by other companies is something we are testing at this moment.

Gigabyte continues on with their Ultra Durable 3 technology that consists of high quality solid capacitors, low RDS(on) MOSFETs, and ferrite core chokes plus their custom "Dynamic Energy Savings" technology that will throttle this board down to four-phases at idle or low load situations.

Due to the real estate involved in placing a 24-phase VRM setup on the board, the majority of MOSFETs and Intersil phase doublers are located on the back of the board. Considering some of the MOSFET temperatures we regularly see when overclocking the X58 motherboards, this area does cause us some concern for users who test on an open bench since airflow and heat dissipation under the board will be severely blocked.

Otherwise, the area is open and easily accommodated our larger air coolers and water blocks. On a side note, this will be an eight layer PCB design.

A first for the P55 platform is the inclusion of six memory slots instead of the standard four slot designs we are seeing on the other boards. Unlike the i7/X58 platform that supports and thrives on triple-channel memory performance, the P55/Lynnfield employs a dual-channel setup. We think the inclusion of the two additional memory slots is strictly for expansion possibilities. Gigabyte claims DDR3-2000+ memory capabilities and we fully expect to see those speeds when the board launches.

The 24-pin ATX power connector is located in a convenient location as is the power on/off switch. We do have to wonder why the clear CMOS, reset, and power switches are located at different points on the board.

One of the more interesting areas on the board houses the various SATA ports (four 6Gb/s Marvell ports, six 3Gb/s P55 ports), LED debug display, clear CMOS and reset switches, and IDE drive port. Hiding underneath the heatsink is two Marvell 88SE9123 6Gb/s SATA chipsets that also provide IDE support. Contrary to reports on various forums and websites, it does appear the manufacturers are rethinking their recent decisions to drop the Marvell controller until the various hardware and driver problems are solved. It is too late in the process to qualify other controllers at this point for the majority of boards that were to include this chipset.

As such, it appears that Gigabyte (waiting on ASUS' official statement) is thinking they will leave the Marvell controller on the board and if 6G/s performance is not working properly, then the additional ports will be downgraded to 3Gb/s specifications. The "official" Marvell position is that the 88SE9123 controller suffers from PATA performance problems and that 6Gb/s SATA operation is not affected. However, after speaking with the motherboard suppliers and looking at our own test results, PATA performance/stability appears fine and 6Gb/s SATA performance is just not up to speed yet. Where the disconnect is between the motherboard engineers and Marvell is something we are trying to figure out at this point.

The P55-UD6 offers an abundance of expansion slots with an excellent layout. There are three PCIe x16 slots (x16/x4 or x8/x8/x4), two PCIe x1 slots, and two PCI slots. The Lynnfield processor series supports 16 PCIe 2.0 lanes and those lanes are assigned for graphics duty. The first x16 slot normally runs with 16 lanes and if you install a multi-GPU setup for CrossFire or SLI, then both slots run at x8. Truthfully, except for trying to set a benchmark record, the performance differences between dual x16 and dual x8 PCIe 2.0 is minimal at best in actual applications. The third x16 slot runs at x4 electrical and those lanes run off the P55 chipset.

Due to the performance hit of the DMI interface, NVIDIA has already informed the motherboard suppliers than they will not support SLI with this slot. We expect the same from AMD in regards to CrossFire X. We know of a few suppliers who have been toying with the NF200 bridge slot in order to run dual x16 or TriSLI on the P55 platform. So far, this concept has been problematic in the labs with performance and stability suffering to some degree at this stage in the game.

This I/O panel is loaded and ready for action. Gigabyte includes a combo PS/2 port, six USB 2.0 ports, two eSATA ports (JM362), two Gigabit Ethernet ports, IEEE 1394a port, optical and coaxial S/PDIF outputs, and the audio panel (Realtek ALC 889a). The Gigabit Ethernet controllers are courtesy of the Realtek RTL8111D chipset that features Smart Dual LAN technology. Simply put, if one controller fails, the board will automatically switch over to the other controller without the need to swap ports or run a second cable. Also, teaming is supported with a theoretical throughput of 2Gb/s, although actual throughput is far lower depending on your network setup.

That is it for now. Gigabyte is very interested in your thoughts on the design and feature list, so please feel free to leave comments.



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  • rolodomo - Sunday, July 19, 2009 - link

    I find great use in two network connections on the motherboard. It's a feature I use everyday at HOME. I encourage Gigabyte to introduce this feature into more of their lower board lines. Reply
  • Byte - Sunday, July 19, 2009 - link

    I've always been loyal to Asus, but this has much more features and placement than their p55. Too bad the SATA3 is still too early and probably won't work till it's naively in the southbridges. My upgrade itch is so strong right now. I hope they can squeeze out USB3 onboard soon! Reply
  • Casper42 - Sunday, July 19, 2009 - link

    Ditch the x16 physical slot for the 3rd one and either use x4 or x8 physically. The Graphics vendors will not support the card for TRI and stand alone PhysX is pretty much dead, so you may as well not confuse the issue.

    While I know the x16 slots can be used for x1 devices, I think the x1 slot placement sucks.
    The top one is Audio only due to length
    The next one gets stomped on by a double wide Video card, which being an enthusiast board, purchasers would be more likely to have.
    Swap the x1 and PCI slots that are in between the 2 x16 slots.

    The 6 DIMM thing is also kind of weird unless you clarify that this is there only to support ECC/Registered DDR3. It wont ever support Triple channel, so again its just confusing.

    Lastly, work in some spectacular BIOS support for USB Floppy drives and then ditch the Floppy header. IDE, I still kinda get it, but Floppy can SO easily go USB.
  • RagingDragon - Sunday, July 19, 2009 - link

    I like the x4 slot, since it's useful for RAID controllers, but I'm on the fence about the physical x16 connector. On one hand it could confuse customers, on the other it allows alot of flexibility to install x8 or x16 devices. At first glance an open backed x4 connector would be the best of both worlds; however, that would leave the connectors of x8/x16 exposed, increasing the risk of shorts. Plus standard x16 connector which all motherboard manufacturers buy in huge quantities, may be cheaper than x4 or x8 connectors which sell in smaller numbers (and primarily to server vendors).

    I agree about the x1 slot placement. The top one is pretty useless, I doubt bigger audio cards (like my Xonar) would fit, and the smaller audio cards which would fit offer little (if any) benefit over the integrated audio.
  • TheBeagle - Saturday, July 18, 2009 - link

    When Gary said that they threw the kitchen sink at this board, that might have been an understatement. However, I'm personally waiting for the integration of USB 3.0 into these premium boards before I make the transition. It would seem that super high-speed IO (now that SSDs are gaining a foothold and starting to drop in price), coupled with further GPU refinements, and with the advent of Win7, these combined features that are going to be the wave of the near future. When they stabilize the 6GB SATA and integrate USB 3.0, they've got my money for a new board! Reply
  • Casper42 - Sunday, July 19, 2009 - link

    Last I read is that USB3 is still 4-6 months away.

    I was really hoping that P55 would support SATA 6Gbps natively at the least.

    Here's hoping that Intel has the P56?/P57? chipset ready early 2010 and it includes BOTH USB3/SATA3. Then you can stick your 32nm Core i5 in there and have quite a zippy little system.
  • Wwhat - Tuesday, July 21, 2009 - link

    "ASUS P6X58 Premium motherboard arrives complete with USB 3.0 ports"

    Seems USB3.0 is here, NEC makes chips for them at $15a piece it seems, which is cheap in one way but in the sense of the BOM it might be too high for many motherboard manufacturers.
  • Nihility - Saturday, July 18, 2009 - link

    "and 6Gb/s SATA performance is just not up to speed yet"

    Does this mean you have a device that you can use for testing the new SATA ports?
  • Mr Perfect - Friday, July 17, 2009 - link

    I hate to ask again, but in the first Socket 1156 preview article you made mention of possible P55 mITX boards. Gigabyte, do you have any? If so, can you show us those? Reply
  • nekoken - Friday, July 17, 2009 - link

    Considering that I still have to flash a videocard, hard drive, or other device's EEPROM via a DOS app on a floppy every few months I'm not really understanding the hatred for a floppy controller.

    Same with the IDE connector. WinXP installs are a pain in the butt using a SATA or USB DVD drive.

    I'd say there should be more complaints about the PS2 connector. Every decent BIOS in the last 6 years has USB keyboard enabled by default, and every OS has had that support built-in for many years.

    All in all this looks like a pretty good board. 24 phase power seems like overkill though. It reminds me of the razor companies adding more and more blades so they can say they have more than their competitor. 8 phase power is plenty stable in my experience.

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