CPU Performance: Encoding Tests

With the rise of streaming, vlogs, and video content as a whole, encoding and transcoding tests are becoming ever more important. Not only are more home users and gamers needing to convert video files into something more manageable, for streaming or archival purposes, but the servers that manage the output also manage around data and log files with compression and decompression. Our encoding tasks are focused around these important scenarios, with input from the community for the best implementation of real-world testing.

All of our benchmark results can also be found in our benchmark engine, Bench.

Handbrake 1.1.0: Streaming and Archival Video Transcoding

A popular open source tool, Handbrake is the anything-to-anything video conversion software that a number of people use as a reference point. The danger is always on version numbers and optimization, for example the latest versions of the software can take advantage of AVX-512 and OpenCL to accelerate certain types of transcoding and algorithms. The version we use here is a pure CPU play, with common transcoding variations.

We have split Handbrake up into several tests, using a Logitech C920 1080p60 native webcam recording (essentially a streamer recording), and convert them into two types of streaming formats and one for archival. The output settings used are:

  • 720p60 at 6000 kbps constant bit rate, fast setting, high profile
  • 1080p60 at 3500 kbps constant bit rate, faster setting, main profile
  • 1080p60 HEVC at 3500 kbps variable bit rate, fast setting, main profile

Handbrake 1.1.0 - 720p60 x264 6000 kbps FastHandbrake 1.1.0 - 1080p60 x264 3500 kbps FasterHandbrake 1.1.0 - 1080p60 HEVC 3500 kbps Fast

Video encoding is a little varied, based on the variable threaded nature. Certain encoding tests can be more memory sensitive here, or accelerated in different ways, or not scale well with more cores. Either way, TR3 performs a lot better than TR2, but the 3950X seems the best choice.

7-zip v1805: Popular Open-Source Encoding Engine

Out of our compression/decompression tool tests, 7-zip is the most requested and comes with a built-in benchmark. For our test suite, we’ve pulled the latest version of the software and we run the benchmark from the command line, reporting the compression, decompression, and a combined score.

It is noted in this benchmark that the latest multi-die processors have very bi-modal performance between compression and decompression, performing well in one and badly in the other. There are also discussions around how the Windows Scheduler is implementing every thread. As we get more results, it will be interesting to see how this plays out.

Please note, if you plan to share out the Compression graph, please include the Decompression one. Otherwise you’re only presenting half a picture.

7-Zip 1805 Compression7-Zip 1805 Decompression7-Zip 1805 Combined

Easily parallel puts the TR3 well ahead of TR2 and Intel.

WinRAR 5.60b3: Archiving Tool

My compression tool of choice is often WinRAR, having been one of the first tools a number of my generation used over two decades ago. The interface has not changed much, although the integration with Windows right click commands is always a plus. It has no in-built test, so we run a compression over a set directory containing over thirty 60-second video files and 2000 small web-based files at a normal compression rate.

WinRAR is variable threaded but also susceptible to caching, so in our test we run it 10 times and take the average of the last five, leaving the test purely for raw CPU compute performance.

WinRAR 5.60b3

WinRAR is a variably threaded application, and both TR3 processors perform in the same ballpark as anything from Intel. Ideally we should have seen them streak ahead, but we seem to be at a point where CPU frequency or core counts are the limiting factor. At least with Zen 2, there are no issues as there was with Zen 1/Zen+.

AES Encryption: File Security

A number of platforms, particularly mobile devices, are now offering encryption by default with file systems in order to protect the contents. Windows based devices have these options as well, often applied by BitLocker or third-party software. In our AES encryption test, we used the discontinued TrueCrypt for its built-in benchmark, which tests several encryption algorithms directly in memory.

The data we take for this test is the combined AES encrypt/decrypt performance, measured in gigabytes per second. The software does use AES commands for processors that offer hardware selection, however not AVX-512.

AES Encoding

CPU Performance: System Tests CPU Performance: Web and Legacy Tests
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  • Supercell99 - Tuesday, November 26, 2019 - link

    I tend to agree, they can low ball AMD for a few years until the catch up. Assuming they completely screw up the 10 nm deployment going into 2022. It takes 3-5 years for for an industry to fully adopt switch course on a mainstream microprocessor. Reply
  • Korguz - Tuesday, November 26, 2019 - link

    " they can low ball AMD for a few years until they catch up " not if their investors and shareholders have anything to say about that...... Reply
  • Chaitanya - Monday, November 25, 2019 - link

    Impressive to say the least. Reply
  • Paul-RP12 - Monday, November 25, 2019 - link

    Intel destroyed. This is the end, this is the sunset of the empire Reply
  • yankeeDDL - Monday, November 25, 2019 - link

    I wonder how long will it take Intel to go fabless. Now, that would be a shift ... I think it is inevitable. Reply
  • milkywayer - Monday, November 25, 2019 - link

    That's what you get for milking the same s****y 4 core cpus for years until the competition not only catches up but also surpasses you. Intel deserved every bich slap this year from AMD. Reply
  • Paul-RP12 - Monday, November 25, 2019 - link

    Intel has no chance. they do not have an effective architecture, they do not have a modern technical process. They are hopelessly behind. 3970x of 2000 usd upside about 20% (in applications that use all the cores) Xeon W-3175X of 3000 usd. Its so crazy!! Reply
  • TEAMSWITCHER - Monday, November 25, 2019 - link

    Intel's quarterly profit is still more than AMD's revenue. AMD can't make enough products to change that. Reply
  • eva02langley - Monday, November 25, 2019 - link

    I said 10 years last year... so maybe around 9 now. Reply
  • niva - Monday, November 25, 2019 - link

    I hope they never go fabless, it will be a big problem for consumers in the end... unfortunately it may happen. Reply

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