Integer Units, Load and Store

The integer unit schedulers can accept up to six micro-ops per cycle, which feed into the 224-entry reorder buffer (up from 192). The Integer unit technically has seven execution ports, comprised of four ALUs (arithmetic logic units) and three AGUs (address generation units).

The schedulers comprise of four 16-entry ALU queues and one 28-entry AGU queue, although the AGU unit can feed 3 micro-ops per cycle into the register file. The AGU queue has increased in size based on AMD’s simulations of instruction distributions in common software. These queues feed into the 180-entry general purpose register file (up from 168), but also keep track of specific ALU operations to prevent potential halting operations.

The three AGUs feed into the load/store unit that can support two 256-bit reads and one 256-bit write per cycle. Not all the three AGUs are equal, judging by the diagram above: AGU2 can only manage stores, whereas AGU0 and AGU1 can do both loads and stores.

The store queue has increased from 44 to 48 entries, and the TLBs for the data cache have also increased. The key metric here though is the load/store bandwidth, as the core can now support 32 bytes per clock, up from 16.

Floating Point Cache and Infinity Fabric
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  • wurizen - Friday, June 14, 2019 - link

    Why do you keep on blabbing on about this? Are you trying to fix some sort of muscle? Reply
  • wurizen - Friday, June 14, 2019 - link

    flex^^^ Reply
  • wurizen - Friday, June 14, 2019 - link

    OMFG! I. Am. Not. Talking. About. Intel. Mesh.

    I. Am. Talking. About. Infinity. Fabric. High. Memory. Latency!

    Now that I got that off my chest, let's proceed shall we...

    OMFG!

    L3 Cache? WTF!

    Do you think you're so clever to talk about L3 cache to show off your knowledge as if to convince ppl here you know something? Nah, man!

    WTF are you talking about L3 cache, dude? Come on, dude, get with the program.

    The program is "Cross-CCX-High-Memory-Latency" with Infinity Fabric 1.0

    And, games (BO3, BF1, BF4 from my testing) are what is affected by this high latency penalty in real-time. Imagine playing a game of BO3 while throughout the game, the game is "micro-pausing" "Micro-slow-motioning" repeatedly throughout the match? Yep, you got it, it makes it unplayeable.

    In productive work like video editing, I would not see the high latency as an issue unless it affects "timeline editing" causing it to lag, as well.

    I have heard some complain issues with it in audio editing with audio work. But I don't do that so I can't say.

    As for "compute-intensive applications (y'know, real work)" --delatFx2

    ....

    .....

    ......

    You duh man, bruh! a real compute-intensive, man!

    "This article mentions a Windows 10 patch to ensure that threads get assigned to the same CCX before going to the adjacent one." --deltaFx2

    Uhhh... that won't fix it. Only AMD can fix it in Infinity Fabric 2.0 (Ryzen 2), if, indeed, AMD has fixed it. By making it faster! And/or, reducing that ~110ns latency to around 69ns.

    Now, my question is, and you (deltaFx2) hasn't mentioned it in your wise-response to my comments is that SLIDE of "Raw Memory Performance" showing 69ns latency at 3200 Mhz RAM. Is that Raw memory performance Intra-CCX-Memory-Performance or Inter-core-Memory-Performance? Bada-boom, bish!
    Reply
  • wurizen - Friday, June 14, 2019 - link

    it's a problem ppl are having, if you search enough.... Reply
  • Alistair - Wednesday, June 12, 2019 - link

    those kinds of micro stutters are usually motherboard or most likely your windows installation causing it, reinstall windows, then try a different motherboard maybe Reply
  • wurizen - Wednesday, June 12, 2019 - link

    Wow, really? Re-install windows?

    I just wanna know (cough, cough Anand) what the Cross-CCX-Latency is for Ryzen 2 and Infinity Fabric 2.0.

    If, it is still ~110ns like before.... well, guess what? 110 nano-effin-seconds is not fast enough. It's too HIGH a latency!

    You can't update bios/motherboard or re-install windows, or get 6000 Mhz RAM (the price for that, tjo?) to fix it. (As shown in the graph for whatever "Raw Memory Latency" is for that 3200 Mhz RAM to 3600 Mhz stays at 69 ns and only at 37333 Mhz RAM does it drop to 67ns?).... This is the same result PCPER did with Ryzen IF 1.0 showing that getting Faster RAM at 3200 Mhz did not improve the Cross-CCX-Memory-Latency....
    Reply
  • supdawgwtfd - Thursday, June 13, 2019 - link

    O don't get any stutters with my 1600.

    As above. It's nothing to do with the CPU directly.

    Something else is causing the problem.
    Reply
  • deltaFx2 - Thursday, June 13, 2019 - link

    How so you know for sure that the microstutter or whatever it is you think you are facing is due to the inter-ccx latency? Did you actually pin threads to CCXs to confirm this theory? Do you know when inter-ccx latency even comes into play? Inter-ccx latency ONLY matters for shared memory being modified by different threads; this should be a tiny fraction of your execution time, otherwise you are not much better going multithreaded. Moreover, Each CCX runs 8 threads so are you saying your game uses more than 8? That would be an interesting game indeed, given that intel's mainstream gaming CPUs don't have a problem on 4c8t.

    To me, you've just jumped the the gun and gone from "I have got some microstutter issues" to "I know PCPer ran some microbenchmark to find out the latency" to "that must be the problem". It does not follow.
    Reply
  • FreckledTrout - Thursday, June 13, 2019 - link

    I agree. If micro stutter from CCX latency was really occurring this would be a huge issue. These issues really have to be something unrelated. Reply
  • wurizen - Friday, June 14, 2019 - link

    Another thing that was weird was GPU usage drop from 98% to like 0% in-game, midst-action, while I was playing... constantly, in a repeated pattern throughout the game... this is not a server or games hitching. we understand as gamers that a game will "hitch" once in a while. this is like "slow-motion" "micro-pause" thing happening through out the game. happens in single player (BF1) so I ruled out server-side. It's like the game goes in "slow-motion" for a second... not once or twice in a match, per se. But, throughout and in a repeated constant fashion... along with seeing GPU usage to accompany the effect dropping from 98% or so (normal) to 0% for split seconds (again, not once or twice in a match; but a constant, repeated pattern throughout the match)

    And, there are people having head-scratching issues similar to me with Ryzen CPU.

    No one (cough, cough Anand; nor youtube tech tubers will address it) seems to address it tho.

    But, I think that Ryzen 2 is coming out and if Cross-CCX-High-LAtency-Issue is the same, then we're bound to hear more. I'm sure.

    I am thinking tech sites are giving AMD a chance... but not sure... doesn't matter tho. I got a 7700k (I wanted the 8-core thing when 1700x Ryzen came out) but its fine. Im not a fanboy. Just a techboy.... if anything...
    Reply

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