Small form-factor (SFF) machines have predominantly used 5W - 45W TDP processors. The introduction of the mini-STX form-factor standardized a compact form factor for systems with processors having a TDP up to 65W. However, the mini-STX form-factor along with the associated cooling system is still too bulky for certain use-cases. Most systems built in that form-factor have considerable z-height to accommodate a reasonably standard heat-sink and a single fan. The resulting system volume is between 1.54L and 1.92L, depending on the chosen chassis.

Shuttle's XPC slim line aims to serve the market segment requiring standard desktop processors in a compact form factor. These computers are a fit for a variety of business and commercial use-cases. This review takes a look at the performance and features of a system built on the Shuttle XPC slim DH370 barebones platform.

Introduction and Platform Analysis

Shuttle's XPC slim line-up includes two different form-factors - the XH series uses a 17cm x 17cm motherboard in a 3.5L chassis, while the DH series uses a slightly smaller board in a 1.35L chassis. The DH370 we are looking at today belongs to the latter category. The product is sold 'barebones' similar to the mini-STX products in the market (and unlike the NUCs). The board is socketed, and the end user can opt to install any Coffee Lake-S CPU (up to 65W TDP) in the system. The RAM (DDR4 SO-DIMMs) and storage drive(s) (M.2 NVMe and/or 2.5" SATA drive) have to be added by the user. Shuttle supplies a dual-fan proprietary cooling solution along with the system. The choice of CPU makes it similar to a DIY build in many respects.

The barebones version of the DH370 is complemented by a rich set of optional accessories to better fit particular use-cases. These include the ability to replace one of the two COM ports with a VGA display output port (using the PVG-01), adding Wi-Fi capabilities (using the WLN-M WLAN card and antennae), ability to trigger power switching when the unit is installed in a hard-to-reach location (using the 2m long CXP01 cable for an external power switch), a rackmount kit allowing for the installation of two XPC slim units in a 2U slot (PRM01), and stands (PS02) for vertical orientation of the system.

Shuttle pre-configured our review sample with a Core i7-8700 processor, a Kingston A1000 PCIe 3.0 x2 NVMe SSD, and a HyperX Impact 2400 MHz 2x4GB SO-DIMM kit. An Intel Wireless-AC 9560 WLAN adapter was also pre-installed.

The specifications of our Shuttle XPC slim DH370 review configuration are summarized in the table below.

Shuttle XPC slim DH370 Specifications
Processor Intel Core i7-8700
Coffee Lake-S, 6C/12T, 3.2 (4.6) GHz
12MB L2+L3, 65 W TDP
Memory Kingston HyperX KHX2400C14S4/4G DDR4 SODIMM
14-14-14-35 @ 2400 MHz
2x4 GB
Graphics Intel UHD Graphics 630
Disk Drive(s) Kingston A1000 SA1000M8240G
(240 GB; M.2 2280 PCIe 3.0 x2; Toshiba 64L 3D TLC)
Networking Intel Dual Band Wireless-AC 9560
(2x2 802.11ac - 1733 Mbps)
2x Intel i211 Gigabit Ethernet controller
Audio 3.5mm Headphone / Microphone Jack (Realtek ALC662 audio codec)
Capable of 5.1/7.1 digital output with HD audio bitstreaming (HDMI & DisplayPort)
Miscellaneous I/O Ports 4x USB 3.1 Gen 2 Type-A
4x USB 3.0 Type-A
2x RS232 COM
SD Card Reader (UHS-I)
Operating System Retail unit is barebones, but we installed Windows 10 Enterprise x64
Pricing $330 (barebones)
$759 (as configured, no OS)
Full Specifications Shuttle XPC slim DH370 Barebones Specifications

Similar to the other compact SFF systems, the DH370 is equipped with two DDR4 SO-DIMM slots (supporting DDR4-2400 / 2666 MHz memory kits). Since our review system was pre-configured, the package contents that we received and have pictured below might not exactly tally with the set of components received by retail customers.

The package includes the drivers on a CD (a USB key, even read-only, is much more preferable), a quick installation guide, screws to install the storage drives, thermal paste, a 90W (19V @ 4.74A) adapter, and a geo-specific power cord. The antennae for the WLAN component and the PS02 stand kit for vertical installation were also part of the kit. The gallery below shows aspects of the chassis design as well as the internals of the system.

The Shuttle XPC slim DH370 runs the standard AMI BIOS, and the features are quite basic. There is no fancy GUI or extra features such as the ones we are accustomed to in the BIOS of systems from Intel, ASRock, Asus, GIGABYTE, and the like. The screenshots in the gallery below takes us through the available BIOS options.

The DH370, as the name itself indicates, uses the Intel H370 chipset. This brings all the platform updates that the 8th Gen. Core platform supports - the primary ones being the plethora of USB 3.1 Gen 2 ports directly from the chipset, and the CNVi integrated Wi-Fi capabilities. The DH370 makes maximum use of the new features, opting to bring out all four possible USB 3.1 Gen 2 hosts as Type-A ports (two in the front panel, and two in the rear). The board also integrates a M.2 2230 slot for the Wi-Fi WLAN adapter. The H370 chipset has 20 PCIe 3.0 lanes, of which four are used for the DMI link to the processor. The compact nature of the XPC slim DH370 doesn't allow for complete usage of the available HSIO (high-speed I/O) lanes. The AIDA64 system report provides a breakdown of the usage of the PCIe lanes:

  • PCIe 3.0 x1 port #5 In Use @ x1 (Intel I211 Gigabit Network Connection)
  • PCIe 3.0 x1 port #6 In Use @ x1 (Intel I211 Gigabit Network Connection)
  • PCIe 3.0 x1 port #8 In Use @ x1 (Realtek PCI-E Card Reader)
  • PCIe 3.0 x4 port #9 In Use @ x4 (M.2 NVMe SSD Slot)

In the table below, we have an overview of the various systems that we are comparing the Shuttle XPC slim DH370 against. Note that they may not belong to the same market segment. The relevant configuration details of the machines are provided so that readers have an understanding of why some benchmark numbers are skewed for or against the Shuttle XPC slim DH370 when we come to those sections.

Comparative PC Configurations
Aspect Shuttle XPC slim DH370
CPU Intel Core i7-8700 Intel Core i7-8700
GPU Intel UHD Graphics 630 Intel UHD Graphics 630
RAM Kingston HyperX KHX2400C14S4/4G DDR4 SODIMM
14-14-14-35 @ 2400 MHz
2x4 GB
Kingston HyperX KHX2400C14S4/4G DDR4 SODIMM
14-14-14-35 @ 2400 MHz
2x4 GB
Storage Kingston A1000 SA1000M8240G
(240 GB; M.2 2280 PCIe 3.0 x2; Toshiba 64L 3D TLC)
Kingston A1000 SA1000M8240G
(240 GB; M.2 2280 PCIe 3.0 x2; Toshiba 64L 3D TLC)
Wi-Fi Intel Dual Band Wireless-AC 9560
(2x2 802.11ac - 1733 Mbps)
Intel Dual Band Wireless-AC 9560
(2x2 802.11ac - 1733 Mbps)
Price (in USD, when built) $330 (barebones)
$759 (as configured, No OS)
$330 (barebones)
$759 (as configured, No OS)

The XPC slim DH370 stands out from the run-of-the-mill Coffee Lake desktops due to its ability to drive three separate 4Kp60 displays (1x HDMI 2.0a + 2x DisplayPort 1.2) using the integrated GPU in the installed CFL-S processor. The ability to support this feature without compromising on the form-factor is worthy of deeper analysis. We will be doing that further down in this review, in addition to the analysis of our usual benchmarks for SFF systems.

BAPCo SYSmark 2018
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  • ganeshts - Monday, May 06, 2019 - link

    All three display outputs support HDCP 2.2

    Intel supports HDMI, but, only 1.4a as of now. If OEMs want to put a HDMI 2.0a port, then, that HDMI capability of the Intel CPU is left un-used.

    Some LSPCons do not do Stereoscopic 3D forwarding, which results in the loss of 3D capabilities.
    Reply
  • rchris - Monday, May 06, 2019 - link

    Thanks for a good review. But please include physical dimensions; particularly important when you're reviewing a compact system. The volume specs are nice, but not sufficient. Yes, they are available at the "Full Specifications" link, but would be more helpful to be in your article. Reply
  • Guspaz - Monday, May 06, 2019 - link

    Be wary of Shuttle claims that their systems support standard motherboards. I bought a Shuttle XPC SZ77R5. Years later, the motherboard died and Shuttle wanted an absurd amount of money for the replacement (enough to buy a whole new computer). They claimed in the advertising for the system that it was "easily" upgradable with any standard mini-itx motherboard. In fact, the product website STILL says that.

    Three problems: the case uses a non-standard motherboard standoff height, and does not include any standoffs. There are a few of them directly welded to the chassis, but only enough for Shuttle motherboards, more are required for a mini-ITX board. I couldn't even find any of the right height online to buy, short of ordering them in bulk from China and waiting a few months. Instead, I had to take standard brass motherboard standoffs and filed them down by hand. It took hours.

    Second: the included power supply didn't have a full-width power connector that mini-ITX motherboards required. Luckily, the missing pins were just for providing power, so they seem to be in the "strongly recommended but technically not required" category, and it worked OK without them.

    Third: Shuttle motherboards don't have the CPU in the same location as a mini-ITX motherboard, so the system's custom heatpipe-based cooling system must be thrown out and replaced by traditional air cooling, which is less effective.
    Reply
  • Death666Angel - Monday, May 06, 2019 - link

    Well, mITX motherboards don't have the CPU sockets in the same location, so that point is moot. And all I just read about their advertising the ITX compatiblity (granted, I only found the German site) is that they said you can use mITX motherboards without having to modify the case. And that seems right, doesn't it? Reply
  • Guspaz - Wednesday, May 08, 2019 - link

    It was not really true for the SZ77R5, no. Because short of fabricating custom mounting hardware like I did, you would have needed to modify the case with a deemed to install an mITX board. Requiring mounting hardware that does not exist is far from the easy upgradability they claimed. Now, hopefully this isn’t the case with the product that is the subject of this anandtech article. But I’ve been burned by them before. Reply
  • Guspaz - Wednesday, May 08, 2019 - link

    *with a dremel, not a “deemed” Reply
  • timecop1818 - Monday, May 06, 2019 - link

    Dude this is a completely non-standard SFF motherboard that doesn't follow any particular layout or spec. Do you complain that Intel NUC doesn't fit into Mini ITX board? There are no claims made anywhere that this board is user replaceable. Reply
  • 0ldman79 - Tuesday, May 07, 2019 - link

    "Mini-ITX Mainboard Support
    Shuttle expands the capabilities of its R chassis, adding support for Mini-ITX mainboards (17 x 17cm or 6.7 x 6.7 inches). The Shuttle chassis can go beyond the Shuttle mainboard, so you can easily upgrade or downgrade the mainboard to your desire, without any modifications to the chassis."

    http://global.shuttle.com/main/productsDetail?prod...
    Reply
  • timecop1818 - Tuesday, May 07, 2019 - link

    Yes and that link has nothing to do with the product reviewed here... Reply
  • Guspaz - Wednesday, May 08, 2019 - link

    It has to do with the subject of my post. Shuttle sells this as a barebones claiming support for products meeting certain standards. And I’m warning that in the past they have made that claim in a way that is misleading at best and false at worst. Reply

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