Upgrading from an Intel Core i7-2600K: Yes

Back in 2010-2011, life was simple. We were relishing in benchmarks like CineBench R10, SuperPI, and no-one had even thought of trying to transcode video on any sort of scale. In 2019, the landscape has changed: gamers gonna stream, designers gonna design, scientists gonna simulate, and emulators gonna emulate. The way that software is designed has changed substantially as well, with more care taken for memory allocations, multiple cores and threads, and with fast storage in mind. Compilers are smarter too, and all the optimizations for the older platforms are in those code bases.

We regularly speak to CPU architects that describe how they build new processors for the next generation: by analyzing modern workload requirements. In a future of machine learning, for example, we’re now seeing hardware on mobile processors dedicated to accelerating neural networks for things like smartphone photography. (It’s interesting that smartphone SoCs today, in day-to-day use, are arguably more diverse than desktops in that regard.)

Ultimately, benchmarks have changed too. What we tested back in 2011 in our Core i7-2600K review was indicative of the way people were using their computers then, and in 2019 we are testing how people are using their computers today. On some level, one expects that what would have been the balance of compute/storage/resources back then might have adjusted, and as a result, older parts may perform better or worse than expected.

For this review, I wanted to compare an eternal idol for enthusiast desktop computing with its more modern counterparts. The Sandy Bridge Core i7-2600K that was released in 2011 was an enthusiasts dream: significantly faster than the previous generation, priced right, and offered a substantial performance boost when overclocked. The fact that it overclocked well was the crux of its staying power: if users were seeing 20-40%+ performance from an overclock and some fast memory, then the several years of Intel offering baseline 3-8% performance increases were scoffed at, and users did not upgrade.


It's a Core i7 Family Photo

The Core i7-2600K was a quad core processor with hyperthreading. Intel launched five more families of Core i7 that were also quad core with hyperthreading: the Core i7-3770K, i7-4770K, i7-5775C, 6700K, and 7700K, before it moved up to six cores (HT) with the 8700K and eight cores (no HT) with the 9700K. Each of those generations of quad cores offered slightly more frequency, sometimes new instructions, sometimes better transistor density, sometimes better graphics, and sometimes a better platform.

Features like new instructions, better integrated graphics, or the platform are valid reasons to push an upgrade, even if the raw performance gain in most tasks is minor. Moving to PCIe 3.0 for graphics, or moving to DDR4 to access higher capacity memory modules, or shifting to NVMe storage with more diverse chipset support all helped users that bypassed the popular 2600K.

In this review, we tested the Core i7-2600K at Intel’s recommended release settings (known as ‘stock’), and an overclocked Core i7-2600K, pushing up from 3.5 GHz all-core to 4.7 GHz all-core, and with faster memory. For comparison to newer CPUs, we chose the Core i7-7700K, Intel’s final Core i7 quad-core for the desktop, representing the best Intel has offered in a quad-core with HT package, and the Core i7-9700K, the latest high-end Core i7 processor.

The results from our testing paint an interesting picture, and as a result so do our conclusions. Our CPU testing was quite clear – in almost every test, the overclock on the 2600K was only able to half the deficit between the 7700K and the 2600K when both were run at stock. Whenever the overclock gave 20% extra performance, the 7700K was another 20% ahead. The only benchmarks that differed were the benchmarks that were AVX2 capable, where the 7700K had a massive lead due to the fact that it supports AVX2. In all our CPU tests, the Core i7-9700K by comparison blew them all out of the water.

For anyone still using a Core i7-2600K for CPU testing, even when overclocked, it’s time to feel the benefits of an upgrade.

 

The GPU testing had a different result. From 2011 to 2019, enthusiast gamers have moved from 1080p in one of two directions: higher resolutions or higher framerates. The direction moved depends on the type of game played, and modern game engines are geared up to cater for both, and have been optimized for the latest hardware with the latest APIs.

For users going up in resolution, to 4K and beyond, the i7-2600K when overclocked performs just as well as the latest Core i7-9700K. The stock 2600K is a little behind, but not overly noticeable unless you drill down into specific titles. But the overclocked Core i7-2600K is still a great chip for high resolution 60 FPS gaming.

For users staying at 1080p (or 1440p) but looking at high frame rates to drive higher refresh rate displays, there is more of a tangible benefit here. Newer games on modern APIs can use more threads, and the higher number of draw calls required per frame (and for more frames) can be driven better with the latest Core i7 hardware. The Core i7-7700K gives a good boost, which can be bettered with the full eight cores of the Core i7-9700K. Both of these chips can be overclocked too, which we’ve not covered here.

The Bottom Line

Back during 2011 and 2012, I was a competitive overclocker, and my results were focused around using the Core i7-2600K as the base for pushing my CPU and GPUs to the limits. The day-to-day performance gains for any of my CPU or GPU tests were tangible, not only for work but also for gaming at 1080p.

Fast forward to 2019, and there is only one or two reasons to stick to that old system, even when overclocked. The obvious reason is cost: if you can’t afford an upgrade, then that’s a very legitimate reason not to, and I hope you’re still having fun with it. The second reason to not upgrade is that the only thing you do, as an enthusiast gamer with a modern day graphics card, is game at 4K.

There are a million other reasons to upgrade, even to the Core i7-7700K: anything CPU related, memory support (capacity and speed), storage support, newer chipsets, newer connectivity standards, AVX2, PCIe 3.0, multi-tasking, gaming and streaming, NVMe. Or if you’re that way inclined, the RGB LED fad of modern components.

Back in my day, we installed games from DVDs and used cold cathodes for RGB.


Picture from 2006? – Battlefield 2 on a CRT.
Running an ATI X1900XTX on an AMD Athlon 3400+

Analyzing the Results: Impressive and Depressing?
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  • mode_13h - Saturday, May 11, 2019 - link

    If you get a gun, you'll just have to waste more money on ammo.

    And the thing about targets is they don't shoot back. So, it gets boring pretty quickly. Paintball is more fun.
    Reply
  • Ghodzilla5150 - Saturday, May 11, 2019 - link

    I just built an AMD Rig with a Ryzen 7 2700X, ASRock X470 Taichi Ultimate, Sapphire Nitro+ RX 590, 32gb G.SKILL RIPJAWS Series V & 2x 1TB M.2 drives (1 for OS and other for Gaming). Boots to Win 10 Pro in 8 seconds. Blazing fast in games.

    I just bought a Smith & Wesson 686 Plus 357 Magnum so I know what it's like to want a gun as well. I'm looking at getting a LMT Valkyrie 224.
    Reply
  • mode_13h - Saturday, May 11, 2019 - link

    Get a Ryzen 9 with 16 cores. Reply
  • MrCommunistGen - Friday, May 10, 2019 - link

    I'm in almost exactly the same boat. I have a 3770K on Z77 running at 4.2GHz. That's all that I could get out of my chip without thermal throttling under heavy load with a 212 EVO... already running the lowest possible voltage that it is stable. Remounted the cooler several times, upgraded the fan, and switched out the paste to Thermal Grizzly but it didn't help enough to get me to 4.3GHz.
    I considered throwing a bigger cooler at it but decided to save that money for my next build instead.

    Running 1440p 75Hz Freesync (only 48-75Hz range) display that I picked up before Vega launched with the intention of buying Vega when it released -- but I missed buying it at launch, then it was unavailable, then it was expensive, then the crypto boom meant you couldn't get one... so I bought a 1080Ti instead. Even with the newly added Freesync compatibility I'm getting a reasonable bit of stutter that frustrates me.

    Strongly considering Zen2 when it comes out. I never seriously considered upgrading to anything else so far, not Haswell through KBL due to lack of performance increase for the price, and not CFL or CFL-R due to high cost. 2700X just doesn't quite have enough single-thread performance increase, but based on the swirling rumors I think Zen2 will get there.
    Reply
  • Polyclot - Saturday, May 11, 2019 - link

    I have a 2600k/z77-a. I was under the impression that the mobo wouldn't go above 4.2. At least that's where I'm at. Love the combo. No complaints Reply
  • CaedenV - Saturday, May 11, 2019 - link

    Nope, the cap is for the non-K chips. There you have a 42x multiplier cap with a 100 MHz clock, so you are limited to 4.2... unless you also change the base clock, but that causes other issues that are not worth the effort to address.
    If you have a K chip, the only limits are your RAM, and cooling. Almost all Sandy chips can hit 4.5GHz, with a majority capable of going above 4.8!
    Reply
  • XXxPro_bowler420xXx - Saturday, May 11, 2019 - link

    I have a non k 3770 running at 4.2ghz all core, 4.4 single. It's also undervolted to 1.08V and hits a MAX temp of 55-56C after months of use on a corsair AIO and liquid metal . Usually runs in the high 40s under load. Before de-lidding it, it ran in the high 60s at 4.2ghz on a corsair air cooler and arctic mx4 paste. Why are your temperatures so high?

    AsRock z77 extreme 4 and 16GB 2133 ram.
    Reply
  • XXxPro_bowler420xXx - Saturday, May 11, 2019 - link

    Also I agree with you on zen 2. Finally a worthy successor. Reply
  • CaedenV - Saturday, May 11, 2019 - link

    Yep, if I were to upgrade today, it would be an AMD chip. And that is hard to say/admit with all of my inner Intel fanboy. Reply
  • fangdahai - Friday, May 10, 2019 - link

    Same here, 3770. It's still fast enough......at least no big difference with the last Intel CPU. Reply

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