Thanks to introduction of the PCIe-based M.2 form-factor and subsequent removal of SATA III bandwidth constraints, the evolution of high-performance SSDs has been quite spectacular in the recent years. Nonetheless, there are plenty of SSDs which still rely on SATA and will continue to use SATA. Such devices can be used to upgrade previous-generation PCs or inside new low-cost notebooks. To address this market, Samsung has revealed that they are working on their all-new Maia controller and SSD platform for SATA, laying out how they intend to continue to evolve SATA SSDs.

The new Samsung Maia controller supports multiple types of NAND flash memory, including TLC and 3D NAND/V-NAND. At the Samsung SSD Forum Japan, the company demonstrated two new SSDs based on the Maia chip. Both drives come in 2.5” form-factor and with a SATA III (6Gbps) interface. Initially Samsung intends to use the controller to build drives for OEMs, but as is often the case with Samsung, it is quite possible that it will eventually show up in retail SSDs as well.

The new Samsung CM871a OEM SSD based on the Maia controller will feature Samsung’s 16nm TLC NAND, which indicates that the company has no plans to drop production of planar NAND flash memory for consumer SSDs any time soon. The drive is rated for maximum sequential read speed of up to 535 MB/s as well as sequential write speed of up to 215 MB/s in default mode or up to 515 MB/s with TurboWrite technology active. Like many modern TLC NAND-based SSDs, the CM871a uses part of the non-volatile memory in SLC mode for rapid caching. The SSDs can perform up to 97K random read IOPS as well as up to 59K random write IOPS (or 88K IOPS with TurboWrite technology). Samsung will offer its CM871a in 128 GB and 256 GB configurations, which indicates that the family was designed for the low end of the market.

Meanwhile the Samsung PM871a will use the Maia controller alongside TLC V-NAND memory. According to Samsung, the drive has maximum sequential read speed of up to 530 MB/s and maximum sequential write speed of up to 515 MB/s (or up to 526 MB/s with TurboWrite). Random read performance of the PM871a is up to 97K, whereas random write performance of the drive is up to 88K IOPS. Samsung plans to offer its PM871a SSDs in 128 GB, 256 GB, 512 GB and 1 TB configurations. Samsung does not specify whether it utilizes its third-generation 48-layer V-NAND memory for the drives, or some drives continue to use previous-gen memory. While usage of 256 Gb TLC V-NAND for high-capacity SSDs makes a great sense, a 128 GB drive would in this case require only four such memory dies, limiting parallelism and is a solid example as to why manufacturers have been hesitant to produce small drives with cutting-edge high-density NAND.

Samsung SATA SSD Comparison
Drive CM871a PM871a PM871
256 GB
750 EVO
250 GB
850 EVO
250 GB
Controller Maia unknown MGX MGX
NAND Samsung 16nm TLC Samsung TLC V-NAND unknown Samsung 16nm TLC Samsung 32-layer 128Gbit TLC V-NAND
DRAM unknown 256MB 512MB
Sequential Read 535 MB/s 530 MB/s 540 MB/s 540 MB/s 540 MB/s
Sequential Write 215 MB/s
(515 MB/s with TurboWrite)
515 MB/s
(526 MB/s with TurboWrite)
280 MB/s 520 MB/s 520 MB/s
4KB Random Read 97K IOPS 97K IOPS unknown 97K IOPS 97K IOPS
4KB Random Write 59K IOPS
(88K with TurboWrite)
88K IOPS unknown 88K IOPS 88K IOPS

These drives would be replacing Samsung's exisitng product line such as the PM871, which we have limited information about (given slow writes, it is logical to assume that it uses TLC NAND, but that is not something confirmed by Samsung). Meanwhile in the retail channel Samsung sells the inexpensive 850 EVO and 750 EVO SSDs. These SSDs are based on the company’s MGX controller, coupled with the company's second-gen 32-layer TLC V-NAND or 16 nm planar TLC, respectively. The aforementioned drives offer performance levels very similar to those of the forthcoming CM871a and PM871a, which may indicate that Samsung’s new Maia platform focuses mostly on cost efficiency, endurance and predictable performance, but not on maximum sequential read or random IOPS numbers (especially given limitations of SATA). Nonetheless, the development of Maia shows that SATA is still an important part of the market for Samsung as lower-end PCs continue to rely on it.

Source: PC Watch

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  • redfirebird15 - Wednesday, March 23, 2016 - link

    I have an OEM samsung ssd i got secondhand. Unfortunately it's not supported by samsung magician, so depending on your needs and budget, this may not fit the bill for an affordable ssd. Oem support for the pm830 series was less than ideal i.e. nonexistant. YMMV. I was able to secure erase with parted magic, and performance, while not top tier, is more than acceptable for standard use. However, for me its retail only from now on. Reply
  • MrSpadge - Thursday, March 24, 2016 - link

    Yep, retail is better. However, this article gives a glimpse of what's probably coming to retail in the next few months. Reply
  • atl - Thursday, March 24, 2016 - link

    Getting to buy one in 2 hours, my supplier just received the shipment.
    Price is ridiculous - $65 for one piece , Location Sofia, Europe.
    Will do some tests soon
    Reply
  • atl - Thursday, March 24, 2016 - link

    To specify $65 for CM871a 250GB Reply
  • extide - Thursday, March 24, 2016 - link

    Your links are backwards. In the last paragraph, the 750 link goes to the 850 review and the 850 link goes to the 750 announcement. Reply
  • Visual - Monday, March 28, 2016 - link

    So what is "TurboWrite" and how does it work? Does it just mask the lack of performance for a while until it runs out of some buffer or something? Reply
  • thespanky1 - Monday, March 28, 2016 - link

    Yes, exactly. Usually a few gigabytes dedicated as buffer to deliver MLC type speeds until the buffer runs out, then you're stuck with the slower speeds for larger data transfers. Reply
  • Visual - Tuesday, March 29, 2016 - link

    Is it buffered in your RAM, or is it on the device? How does it handle power cuts? Reply
  • JW0914 - Friday, May 6, 2016 - link

    If RAPID is enabled, the SSD does utilize RAM to achieve ~3.5GB/s, however the data isn't cached on RAM, it's simply using RAM at the block level to achieve the high speed rate of RAM transfers. Think of RAPID as a utilizing RAM as RAM drive, however unlike a RAM drive, the SSD copies data at the block level.

    So to answer your question, no, SSDs are not volatile storage mediums and do not lose data when power is cut. Worse case scenario would be one could possibly lose a few file blocks if the SSD was utilizing RAM at the time the power was cut to transfer said blocks, however it's highly unlikely due to the speeds at which RAM transfers information (for example, using RAPID, I've cut and pasted a 3GB WIM image in ~1 - 1.5 seconds).
    Reply

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