Energy and Power

And now, here's the million dollar question: did Boston and Calxeda succeed in building a server with a spectacular performance/watt ratio? Judge for yourself.

Webhosting server Energy & Power

Calxeda really did it: each server needs about 8.3W (200W/24), measured at the wall. That is exactly what Calxeda promised: about 6W (at 1.4GHz) per server node (measured internally), up to 8.5W measured at the wall (again at 1.4GHz). That is nothing short of amazing if you consider the performance numbers.

In addition, the use of cpufreq and the downsizing of the server interconnects pays off here: we get 10% lower power on average and 18% lower power when idle. The optimizations are particularly important for the idle power use, where they spell the difference between using slightly more power and slightly less power than the Intel server.

The Results that Matter Pricing and Conclusion
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  • Gigaplex - Tuesday, March 12, 2013 - link

    I wouldn't call that a spectacular performance per watt ratio. It's a bit faster than the Xeon under a cherry picked benchmark (much slower under others), and is only marginally lower power. Best case it's an 80% improvement over Sandy Bridge with regards to performance per watt, and Atom wasn't represented. Considering all the hype, I was expecting something a little more... exciting. Ignoring Ivy Bridge improvements, Haswell isn't far off. Reply
  • spronkey - Tuesday, March 12, 2013 - link

    Yeah... I agree. It also only seems to really come into its own in high concurrency. The Xeons idle quite similarly in terms of power - what happens if you compare it to more Xeon cores? It seems like on a per core basis, Intel still has the advantage on both fronts? Reply
  • spronkey - Tuesday, March 12, 2013 - link

    I would also point out that the A15 has already been compared against Sandy and Ivy cores and come up short in performance per watt; so I'm very interested to see what the next step for these ARM node servers is. Reply
  • JohanAnandtech - Wednesday, March 13, 2013 - link

    I warned against the hype in the first sentences. :-) ARM CPUs are still rather weak and not a good match for most applications. However, the fact that we could actually find a case where they do a lot better than the current Xeon systems was surprising to me. Reply
  • wsw1982 - Wednesday, April 03, 2013 - link

    No, it should not surprise any people regarding how picky the use case is. I mean, I do think you can find a use case the ARM 11 output perform Xeon. E.g. Serving 1 web request per hour :) Reply
  • LogOver - Tuesday, March 12, 2013 - link

    24 servers ran inside 24 VM's on Xeon server, while for ARM server you used the 24 physical server nodes... Hmm... Does not seems to me like apple to apple comparison. Why not to compare, for example, 16 physical nodes on both, xeon and arm servers? Reply
  • haplo602 - Wednesday, March 13, 2013 - link

    And how do you slice the Xeon server into 16 physical nodes ? It does not support any kind of HW partitioning that I am aware of. On the other hand the Calxeda machine is a cluster by design. If you try 16 Xeon nodes you'll go through the roof with power. Reply
  • Colin1497 - Wednesday, March 13, 2013 - link

    I think the question is this:

    Was 24 VM's optimal for the Xeon? Since we're visualizing the Xeon, why 24? Just because you had 24 ARM nodes? Would the Xeon done better with 4VM's? Or 16? Or 1000? 24 seems arbitrary.
    Reply
  • JohanAnandtech - Wednesday, March 13, 2013 - link

    We tested with 16 as I briefly mentioned in the conclusion. The 2650L did 170 responses/s per VM, or about 40% better. Total Throughput = 2.7k/s, while with 24, 2.9 K/s. THe flexibility that the Xeon has to reduce the number of VMs if higher throughput is necessary is definitely an advantage, but the performance numbers are not that different with different VM configs. Reply
  • Kurge - Wednesday, March 13, 2013 - link

    How about with 0 VM's? Just run it on the metal. Reply

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